Medieval Europe Feudalism. Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / built an empire greater than any known since ancient Rome

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  • Slide 1
  • Medieval Europe Feudalism
  • Slide 2
  • Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / built an empire greater than any known since ancient Rome
  • Slide 3
  • Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / built an empire greater than any known since ancient Rome / reunited western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire / built an empire greater than any known since ancient Rome / reunited western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire
  • Slide 4
  • see page 321
  • Slide 5
  • Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / Government / limited the authority of nobles / regularly visited every part of his kingdom / Government / limited the authority of nobles / regularly visited every part of his kingdom
  • Slide 6
  • Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / Emperor of the Romans / 800 - Pope Leo III crowned him emperor - the first European king to claim the title / Emperor of the Romans / 800 - Pope Leo III crowned him emperor - the first European king to claim the title
  • Slide 7
  • Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / Education & Learning / ordered monasteries to open schools that trained future monks and priests / Education & Learning / ordered monasteries to open schools that trained future monks and priests
  • Slide 8
  • Charlemagne Takes Center Stage / Record Keeping / monks helped to make handwritten copies of Latin books / Record Keeping / monks helped to make handwritten copies of Latin books
  • Slide 9
  • What is Feudalism? / a system of governing and landholding based on land for loyalty / military protection = a land grant (fief) / a system of governing and landholding based on land for loyalty / military protection = a land grant (fief)
  • Slide 10
  • The Feudal Social Structure / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty King
  • Slide 11
  • The Feudal Social Structure / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king Nobles King / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty
  • Slide 12
  • The Feudal Social Structure / Church Officials / bishops and cardinals who were often of noble birth / Church Officials / bishops and cardinals who were often of noble birth Nobles ChurchOfficials King / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty
  • Slide 13
  • The Feudal Social Structure / Knights / warriors who pledged to defend their lords lands in exchange for fiefs / Knights / warriors who pledged to defend their lords lands in exchange for fiefs Knights Nobles ChurchOfficials King / Church Officials / bishops and cardinals who were often of noble birth / Church Officials / bishops and cardinals who were often of noble birth / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty
  • Slide 14
  • The Feudal Social Structure / Peasants / vast majority of people, toiled in the fields, known as serfs (people who could not lawfully leave the place where they were born) / Peasants / vast majority of people, toiled in the fields, known as serfs (people who could not lawfully leave the place where they were born) Peasants Knights Nobles ChurchOfficials King / Knights / warriors who pledged to defend their lords lands in exchange for fiefs / Knights / warriors who pledged to defend their lords lands in exchange for fiefs / Church Officials / bishops and cardinals who were often of noble birth / Church Officials / bishops and cardinals who were often of noble birth / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / Nobles / wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty / King / consolidated his power by providing land grants (fiefs) in exchange for loyalty
  • Slide 15
  • The World of Warriors / knighthood training began at age 7
  • Slide 16
  • The World of Warriors / knighthood training began at age 7 / continued until 21 / knighthood training began at age 7 / continued until 21
  • Slide 17
  • The World of Warriors / knighthood training began at age 7 / continued until 21 / knights were vassals who pledged service and loyalty to a lord / knighthood training began at age 7 / continued until 21 / knights were vassals who pledged service and loyalty to a lord
  • Slide 18
  • The Code of Chivalry: / brave, loyal and true to ones word
  • Slide 19
  • The Code of Chivalry: / brave, loyal and true to ones word / fight fairly and be generous to ones enemies / brave, loyal and true to ones word / fight fairly and be generous to ones enemies
  • Slide 20
  • The Code of Chivalry: / brave, loyal and true to ones word / fight fairly and be generous to ones enemies / treat captured knights well/release for ransom / brave, loyal and true to ones word / fight fairly and be generous to ones enemies / treat captured knights well/release for ransom
  • Slide 21
  • The Code of Chivalry: / brave, loyal and true to ones word / fight fairly and be generous to ones enemies / treat captured knights well/release for ransom / protect and cherish women / brave, loyal and true to ones word / fight fairly and be generous to ones enemies / treat captured knights well/release for ransom / protect and cherish women
  • Slide 22
  • Comparing Chivalry
  • Slide 23
  • What is Manorialism? / the economic system of the Middle Ages / based on self-sufficiency / the economic system of the Middle Ages / based on self-sufficiency
  • Slide 24
  • A Self Contained World: / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor
  • Slide 25
  • A Self Contained World: / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor / Lords manor house, a church, workshops / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor / Lords manor house, a church, workshops
  • Slide 26
  • A Self Contained World: / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor / Lords manor house, a church, workshops / 15-30 families lived in the village / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor / Lords manor house, a church, workshops / 15-30 families lived in the village
  • Slide 27
  • A Self Contained World: / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor / Lords manor house, a church, workshops / 15-30 families lived in village / Serfs (peasants) produced all they needed (self-sufficient) / crops, fuel, cloth, leather goods, lumber, etc. / Peasants didnt travel more than 25 miles from the manor / Lords manor house, a church, workshops / 15-30 families lived in village / Serfs (peasants) produced all they needed (self-sufficient) / crops, fuel, cloth, leather goods, lumber, etc.
  • Slide 28
  • The Harshness of Manor Life: / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill
  • Slide 29
  • The Harshness of Manor Life: / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent
  • Slide 30
  • The Harshness of Manor Life: / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / Church tax / tithe = 1/10 of income / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / Church tax / tithe = 1/10 of income
  • Slide 31
  • The Harshness of Manor Life: / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / Church tax / tithe = 1/10 of income / crowded and dirty living conditions / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / Church tax / tithe = 1/10 of income / crowded and dirty living conditions
  • Slide 32
  • The Harshness of Manor Life: / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / Church tax / tithe = 1/10 of income / crowded and dirty living conditions / poor diet and health / tax on all grain ground in the lords mill / marriage tax / marriage needed lords consent / Church tax / tithe = 1/10 of income / crowded and dirty living conditions / poor diet and health
  • Slide 33
  • The Three Field System / Based on rotating crops from a two-field system to three
  • Slide 34
  • Slide 35
  • The Three Field System / Based on rotating crops from a two-field system to three / increased yields of food production