53
Materials Handling MODULE 18

Materials Handling - OSHA

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Materials Handling - OSHA

Materials HandlingMODULE 18

Page 2: Materials Handling - OSHA

2 ©2006 TEEX

Materials Handling on Oil and Gas Sites

What materials are handled? What machines are used to handle

them? What precautions are taken to avoid

accidents and injuries?

Page 3: Materials Handling - OSHA

3 ©2006 TEEX

Regulations

29 CFR 1910 Subpart N 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N API RP 54, 4G, 9B ANSI B56.6 for forklifts Crane standards for derricks?

RP 54 and general duty clause Look at application for each crane standard

Page 4: Materials Handling - OSHA

Materials Handling and Storage29 CFR 1910 SUBPART N

Page 5: Materials Handling - OSHA

5 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Subpart N

1910.176 - Handling materials - general 1910.177 - Servicing multi-piece and single piece rim

wheels 1910.178 - Powered industrial trucks 1910.178 App A – Stability of powered industrial

trucks (non-mandatory) 1910.179 - Overhead and gantry cranes 1910.180 - Crawler locomotive and truck cranes 1910.181 - Derricks 1910.183 - Helicopters 1910.184 - Slings

Page 6: Materials Handling - OSHA

6 ©2006 TEEX

1910.176 Handling materials - general

Mechanical equipment: safe clearances; permanent passageways marked

Housekeeping – avoid tripping, fire, explosion, or pest harborage hazards

Covers or guardrails for open pits, tanks, vats, ditches

Page 7: Materials Handling - OSHA

7 ©2006 TEEX

1910.176 Handling materials - general

Storage must not create a hazard: Stable/secure against sliding or collapse

Page 8: Materials Handling - OSHA

8 ©2006 TEEX

1910.177 Servicing multi-piece and single-piece rim wheels

Applies to large vehicles; not pickups, automobiles, or vans

Training Tire servicing equipment Wheel component acceptability Safe operating procedures

Page 9: Materials Handling - OSHA

Powered Industrial Trucks29 CFR 1910.178

Page 10: Materials Handling - OSHA

10 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178 Powered industrial trucks

Contains safety requirements relating to: Fire protection Design Maintenance Use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks,

motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines

Page 11: Materials Handling - OSHA

11 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178 Powered industrial trucks

ANSI B56.1 1969 Marking indicating approval by testing

laboratory No modifications that affect capacity

and safe operation without manufacturer’s prior written approval

Front-end attachments identified Markings maintained legible

Page 12: Materials Handling - OSHA

12 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(b) and (c)

Designations for industrial trucks by fuel and safeguards against ignition source

Designated locations where specific types of trucks may be used Table N-1

Page 13: Materials Handling - OSHA

13 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(e) Safety guards

Overhead guards for High Lift Rider trucks if operations permit

Vertical load backrest extension for types of loads that present hazards

Page 14: Materials Handling - OSHA

14 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(f) Fuel handling and storage

Storing and handling of liquid fuels: Follow NFPA No. 30-1969

Storing and handling of LPG fuel: Follow NFPA No. 58-1969

Page 15: Materials Handling - OSHA

15 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries

Battery charging installations located in areas designated for that purpose

Facilities provided for Flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte, For fire protection, For protecting charging apparatus from damage

by trucks, and For adequate ventilation for dispersal of fumes

from gassing batteries

Page 16: Materials Handling - OSHA

16 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries

Conveyor, overhead hoist, or equivalent provided for handling batteries

Reinstalled batteries properly positioned and secured in the truck

Page 17: Materials Handling - OSHA

17 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries

When charging batteries, acid poured into water; not water poured into acid

Trucks properly positioned and brake applied before attempting to change or charge batteries

Care taken to assure that vent caps are functioning

Page 18: Materials Handling - OSHA

18 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries

Smoking prohibited in the charging area Precautions taken to prevent open

flames, sparks, or electric arcs in battery charging areas

Tools and metallic objects kept away from the tops of batteries

DANGER DANGERNo smoking

sparks oropen flames

Page 19: Materials Handling - OSHA

19 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(h) and (i)

Auxiliary directional lighting on truck if lighting <2 lumens per square foot

Control carbon monoxide to levels in 1910.1000

Page 20: Materials Handling - OSHA

20 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(k) Trucks and railroad cars

Brakes set and wheel chocks placed for highway trucks boarded with powered industrial trucks

Positive protection to keeptrain cars from moving while loading or with dockboards/bridge plates

Fixed jacks for uncoupled semitrailer during loading

Page 21: Materials Handling - OSHA

21 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(l) Operator training

Ensure that before employee operates a powered industrial truck, operator has completed training and evaluation successfully

Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only: Under direct supervision of persons with the

knowledge, training, and experience to train operators and evaluate their competence; and

Where such operation does not endanger the trainee or other employees.

Page 22: Materials Handling - OSHA

22 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(l) Operator training

Required: Lecture or other formal instruction

(computer, video tape, written) Practical training (demonstrations and

exercises) Evaluation by trainer of operator

performance in workplace Refresher training required after certain

conditions in (4)

Page 23: Materials Handling - OSHA

23 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(l)(3) Training program content

Truck-related training topics: Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions Differences between the truck and the automobile Truck controls and instrumentation:

where they are located what they do how they work

Engine or motor operation Steering and maneuvering Fork and attachment adaptation

Page 24: Materials Handling - OSHA

24 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(l)(3) Training program content

Truck-related training topics: Vehicle capacity Vehicle stability Any vehicle inspection and maintenance that the

operator will be required to perform Refueling and/or charging and recharging of

batteries Operating limitations Operating instructions, warnings, or precautions

listed in the operator's manual

Page 25: Materials Handling - OSHA

25 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(l)(3) Training program content

Workplace-related topics: Surface conditions Composition of loads and load stability Load manipulation, stacking, and

unstacking Pedestrian traffic in areas where the

vehicle will be operated Ramps and other sloped surfaces that

could affect the vehicle's stability

Page 26: Materials Handling - OSHA

26 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(l) Certification

The certification shall include: Name of the operator; Date of the training; Date of the evaluation, and; Identity of the person(s)

performing the training or evaluation Previous training does not need to be

repeated if operator can operate safely

Page 27: Materials Handling - OSHA

27 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(m) Truck operations

Trucks never driven up to anyone standing in front of a bench or other fixed object

No one allowed to stand or pass under the elevated portion of any truck, whether loaded or empty

Unauthorized personnel not permitted to ride on powered industrial trucks

A safe place to ride provided where riding of trucks is authorized

Page 28: Materials Handling - OSHA

28 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(m) Truck operations

Prohibit arms or legs from being placed between the uprights of the mast or outside the running lines of the truck

When truck left unattended (25 ft. away or out of view): load engaging means fully lowered controls neutralized power shall be shut off brakes set

Page 29: Materials Handling - OSHA

29 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(m) Truck operations

Maintain safe distance from edges of ramps or platforms while on any elevated location

Never use trucks to open or close freight doors

Trucks, trailers, and railroad cars: Immobilize vehicles and check floors for breaks and weakness before driving on

Page 30: Materials Handling - OSHA

30 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(m) Truck operations

Overhead guard as protection against falling objects Intended to offer protection

from the impact of small packages, boxes, bagged material, etc.

Not intended to withstand the impact of a falling capacity load

Page 31: Materials Handling - OSHA

31 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(n) Traveling

Follow all traffic regulations, including authorized speed limits

Maintain safe distance approximately three truck lengths from the truck ahead

Keep truck under control at all times

Three truck lengthsminimum

Page 32: Materials Handling - OSHA

32 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(n) Traveling

Never pass other trucks traveling in the same direction at intersections, blind spots, or other dangerous locations

Slow down and sound horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed

If the load being carried obstructs forward view, travel with the load trailing

Page 33: Materials Handling - OSHA

33 ©2006 TEEX

1910.178(n) Traveling

Ascending or descending grades >10%: drive loaded trucks with the load upgrade

On all grades the load and load engaging means tilted back if applicable, and raised only as far as necessary to clear the road surface

Page 34: Materials Handling - OSHA

Overhead and Gantry Cranes29 CFR 1910.179

Page 35: Materials Handling - OSHA

35 ©2006 TEEX

1910.179(b) General Requirements

Application: cranes with trolleys and other characteristics similar to gantry cranes

ANSI B30.2.0-1967 Rated load marking on

each side and legible from the floor

Operated by designated personnel only

Page 36: Materials Handling - OSHA

36 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Standard

c. Cabs – access, controls, locationd. Footwalks and ladders – location,

construction, walking/working surfacese. Stops, bumpers, rail sweeps, and

guardsf. Brakesg. Electric equipment, including

controllers

Page 37: Materials Handling - OSHA

37 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Standard

h. Hoisting equipment – sheaves, ropes, equalizers, hooks

i. Warning devicej. Inspection – frequent and periodick. Testing – operational and loadl. Maintenancem. Rope inspection

Page 38: Materials Handling - OSHA

38 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Standard

n. Handling the load1. Size2. Attaching the load3. Moving the load4. Hoist limit switch

o. Other requirements – ladders, cabs, fire extinguishers

Page 39: Materials Handling - OSHA

Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes

29 CFR 1910.180

Page 40: Materials Handling - OSHA

40 ©2006 TEEX

1910.180(b) General Requirements

Application: Crawler cranes, locomotive cranes, wheel

mounted cranes, used as lifting cranes Both truck and self-propelled wheel type Powered by internal combustion engines or

electric motors Utilize drums and ropes

ANSI B30.5-1968 Operated by designated personnel only

Page 41: Materials Handling - OSHA

41 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Standard

c. Load ratingsd. Inspection classificatione. Testingf. Maintenance procedure – Generalg. Rope inspectionh. Handling the loadi. Other requirementsj. Operations near overhead lines

Page 42: Materials Handling - OSHA

Derricks29 CFR 1910.181

Page 43: Materials Handling - OSHA

43 ©2006 TEEX

1910.181(b) General Requirements

Application: “any modification of these types which

retain their fundamental features, except for floating derricks”

ANSI B30.6-1969 Operated by designated personnel only

Page 44: Materials Handling - OSHA

44 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Standard

c. Load ratings – permanent and nonpermanent

d. Inspection e. Testingf. Maintenanceg. Rope inspectionh. Operations of derricksi. Handling the loadj. Other requirements

Page 45: Materials Handling - OSHA

Slings29 CFR 1910.184

Page 46: Materials Handling - OSHA

46 ©2006 TEEX

Application

Used for hoisting of material Alloy steel chain Wire rope Metal mesh Natural or synthetic fiber rope Synthetic web

Illustrations in (b)

Page 47: Materials Handling - OSHA

47 ©2006 TEEX

(c) Safe operating practices

1. Never use damaged / defective slings2. Never shorten slings with makeshift

devices3. Never use kinked sling legs4. Never load slings in excess of rated

capacities5. Balance loads in basket hitches to

prevent slippage.

Page 48: Materials Handling - OSHA

48 ©2006 TEEX

(c) Safe operating practices

6. Attach slings securely to loads.7. Pad / protect slings from sharp edges.8. Keep suspended loads clear of

obstructions9. Keep employees clear of loads to be

lifted and suspended loads.

Page 49: Materials Handling - OSHA

49 ©2006 TEEX

(c) Safe operating practices

10.Never place hands or fingers between sling and load while sling is being tightened.

11.Shock loading is prohibited – take up the slack in the sling slowly.

12.Never pull a sling out from under a load while the load rests on it.

Page 50: Materials Handling - OSHA

50 ©2006 TEEX

Organization of Standard

c. Inspections – each day before use and during use

d. Alloy steel chain slingse. Wire rope slingsf. Metal mesh slings

Page 51: Materials Handling - OSHA

Construction Standards29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N

Page 52: Materials Handling - OSHA

52 ©2006 TEEX

Applicability of Construction Standards in 29 CFR 1926

Subpart H: Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal

Subpart N: Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors

Do construction standards apply: To a derrick during drilling operations? To a crane setting up equipment at a site?

Page 53: Materials Handling - OSHA

Hazards & Standards for Oil & GasAPI RP 54, RP4G, RP9B