English subtitles of the Christian movie: Martin Luther (Black & White) Classic, English Subtitles
THIS DRAMATIZATION OF A DECISICIVE MOMENT IN HUMAN HISTORY IS THE RESULT OF CAREFUL RESEARCH OF FACTS AND CONDITIONS IN THE 16TH CENTURY AS REPORTED BY HISTORIANS OF MANY FAITHS. 1505 1,500 after the birth of our Lord, the lands and people of Central Europe comprised the holy Roman Empire, a strange and mystical commonwealth which compelled allegiance to both emperor and pope. Powerful in this political structure were the rich states and free cities of Germany whose princes and councilors commanded armies pledged to defend both empire and holy Roman church. The pious believed God himself had established dual authority over Christian man. They accepted the emperor as ruler of life on Earth, and the church as the intercessor for mans destiny in the world to come. The church had largely forgotten the mercies of God and instead it emphasized Gods implacable judgments. Even Jesus Christ was presented as a relentless avenger, and man himself so hopelessly engulfed in sin that he must live in perpetual dread of a furious God. Painted constantly and vividly before his eyes, were the fires and torments of hell. The early 16th Century was a time of deep-rooted superstition and fear. Christianity was mixed with elements of paganism and men believed the world was filled with demons and evil spirits. For protection and deliverance from eternal damnation, the church demanded absolute and unquestioning obedience of the people. On a midsummers day in 1505, about a decade after Columbus discovered the new world, a young law student made his way though the market place in Erfurt, Germany. His name was Martin Luther. (singing) A toast! To our host! Our unknown host, our mysterious host, our generous host! To our host! To my guests! Hello Martin Martin! Martin Luther, so this is all your doing! Whats the occasion? Oh, just see you all together again. Oh, you see us every day! Just to see my friends once more before I leave. You re leaving Erfurt? Yes. Not for another university? No, youre the best law student we have. Thanks. Where Im going I wont want these, or this. Thank you, Martin. Or these Or this. Matin Luther, what are you doing? Four years work for nothing? You cant just give up!
Oh, cant I? My dear Spalatin, some people are made for law and some arent. Im not. What will your father say? I know hell say I dont understand. Well. Come on, Martin, dont be so mysterious. This is a grand university, law is a great profession, I couldnt ask for kinder friends. What more do you want? I dont know. Theres something missing. The last thing I want to be is the skeleton at my own feast. Lets just say I hope Im doing right. (church bells, chanting) Like so many others before him, Martin Luther sought to make his peace with God in submission to the discipline and authority of the holy church. Are you prepared, my son, to follow the rules of the Augustinian order? To die to the self, the world, the flesh, to renounce family and friend, to suffer poverty, to mortify your body, to be obedient to your superiors in all things? With the help of God, I am insofar as human frailty permits. Pax tecum. Et cum spiritu tuo. (chanting) Now a friar in the Augustinian order of hermits, brother Martin was bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. But strict adherence to monastic practice, endless acts of penance to God, the angry judge, failed to bring peace to Martin Luthers troubled soul. (church bells) (knock, knock, knock) Brother Martin, you cannot help your soul by punishing your body! Two years after entering the monastery, brother martin was ordained a priest. He now had the fearsome power to consecrate bread and wine, transform it into the body and blood of Christ, elevate the host, make the sacrifice, and say in the words of the mass:- we offer unto thee, the living, the true, the eternal God. (chanting) Come, brother. As Vicar General, Ive seen many a young priest falter in his first mass. Dear Vicar, it was not a matter of mere faltering. You dont need to tell me. I know. The closeness of the holy sacrament Your fear of God.
Father, your pardon. If it were merely fear of God I could still hope for his mercy. But this I shall never have. And why not? Bec My sins, father. Brother Martin, you have just come from the mass the sacrifice for all sins you have confessed. Or am I wrong? Is there anything more? Much more. Then make your confession. Bless me father for I have sinned. And my sin is unpardonable. That is for God to judge, not you, my son. He has judged me already! He is God; he is holy. I am man; I am evil and for this he condemns me. I have tried to think of Him as a loving father but can find only an angry judge. No matter what I do to seek him out, he condemns me. How can I love such a God? But you do, You must love God! Father, I cannot! And this is my unpardonable sin. I cannot, father. .. Id like to expel him before he infects the whole monastery with his restless mind! A searching mind prior A questioning one. But the church is still the only answer. In the accumulated wisdom of our faith hell find the peace hes looking for. My solution. From now on back to his studies for brother Martin. Scripture, theology, teaching and preaching. Well keep him so busy he will have no time for the troubles of his soul. Good prior, you lose one monk, but when he finally discovers his peace in Christ the Church will gain a champion! .. The church knows best. You see, God, in his infinite wisdom, never allows us to stray too far. But I still have a long to go, father. So do we all! And you leave tomorrow. Leave? Where am I going? Forgive my little joke, brother. Ive decided to send you on a mission in my behalf. You are going to Rome, little brother, Rome! Rome! Its a petition Im sending to the holy see. Youll go with a brother monk. What about my studies, father? This will do more than all the studies in the world. There is so much to see, so much to do in Rome! Why, the journey itself is an act of faith. The pilgrimage will not be an easy one. But all good things are hard to attain. And on the way you will have help from cloisters of our order. Then after mountains, cold and snow, there will be the sun of Italy and youll see before youthe holy city. You must not fail to hear a
mass before the altar of St. John in Lateran. Set in a certain wall you will see two crosses. Behind one, the relics of Peter. Behind the other, of Paul. An act of faith performed there relieves your soul of 17,000 years in flames. Be sure to see one of the thirty pieces of silver for which Christ was betrayed for it carries an indulgence of 14,000 years! And the Scala Sancta, the very stairs that Jesus climbed in the palace of Pontius Pilate. An our father said on each step earns years indulgence. And on the step where Christ fell, you will see a silver cross. For that step, a double indulgence. And if you are fortunate you may see, with your own eyes the holy father, Julius II, the supreme pontiff. Yes, there is so much for the Christian to see and do in Rome! . Late in March, 1511, five months after he had started out for Rome, brother Martin returned to the Augustinian monastery. (chanting) In te, domine, speravi-in institia tua libera me In te, domine, speravi-in institia tua libera me, If only some of our people, all of our people, could realize that in this psalm David is telling us in thee, O Lord, I trust. In thy righteousness, deliver me. If only everybody could understand these words, how much better they would understand Gods righteousness. And what, dear brother, is Gods righteousness? Exactly what scripture says, father. That it delivers, and does not merely judge! Rather an interesting interpretation of scripture. Did you learn that in Rome? Not that I recall, father prior. From your studies of the church father? No. Your own. To the best of my knowledge, yes. There is only one proper interpretation of scripture. That which the church has established! What if scripture was in the hands of common man for every potboy and swineherd to read in his own language and interpret for himself? What then? Why, then we might have more Christians, father. Latin has served the church for centuries! Latin was good enough for St. Jerome and St. Augustine and Latin will have to be good enough for you and me and every other Christian. Yes, father. .. Now you can say youve seen the great Professor Luther. Spalatin! Spalatin A priest! Four years now. You were right. Some are made for the law and some arent. What are you doing here? Tutoring those boys you saw just now, nephews of our elector, Duke Frederick.
Good for you! Thats not all! Im the dukes secretary as well. Before I recommended this university for them I made sure that you are here at Erfurt hm, at least for the present. What do you mean for the present? Well, Duke Fredericks always looking for good professors for his new university. Ha, ha. Little Wittenberg! Yes, itll grow. Martin, how are you? As you see me, dear Spalatin. I see a man whose learning is an ornament to his church, whose name is beginning to be known in higher places, but what I really want to know isHave you found what you looked for? I wish I could answer that I had. But all this, surely All this? I have here, and I can pour it out from here, but here, Spalatin, here not yet. .. Wittenberg In the town of Wittenberg, Duke Frederick, the wise and Pious Elector of Saxony, had founded a new school, hoping its scholastic prestige would rival, and perhaps surpass, the famous university of Leipzig. Perfect, but a good professor is just as hard to find. There is only one Erasmus, but Oxford has him. Only one John Eck, and hes at Ingolstadt. And our little Wittenberg University is just eleven years old, how can we attract the Erasmuses, the Ecks to stay with us here in Saxony? Your grace, Wittenberg is already a center of biblical scholarship, thanks to yoru enlightened rule and to such men as Dr. Carlstadt,