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MARKET INSIGHT JANUARY 2017

MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

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Page 1: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

MARKETINSIGHT JANUARY 2017

Page 2: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

In Q3 2016 there were 92,845 cash only transactions in Great Britain, a 5 per cent fall

compared with the same period last year. This fall continues the general trend of a reduction in cash buyers in the market since 2014. However, this is broadly in line with the fall seen in overall housing transactions; mortgaged purchases fell by 6 per cent in the same period.

But what the national figures hide is that the more expensive regions have generally seen the largest decline in cash buyers. In the South East, the number of cash transactions fell by 13 per cent compared with last year; in the East, it fell by 11 per cent and in London by 9 per cent.

Affordability plays a part in these changes. As prices have grown, the ability for many to be able to buy homes debt-free has reduced, as has the yield on any property bought to rent out - especially with the additional effects of stamp duty. This has served to change the behaviours of cash buyers, who are increasingly looking for value for money.

In 2013, the South East had the largest share of cash only transactions but in 2016, it has now been usurped by the North which now accounts for 20 per cent of all cash transactions compared with 15 per in 2013. London, which has a low proportion of cash only transactions partly due to the cost of housing, has also seen it’s proportion fall from 7 per cent to 6 per cent. This has not simply been because cash buyers have left the market but is instead because they have changed where they buy their homes.

Typically, cash buyers buy in the region they come from, but this has changed in recent years. Nationally, in 2013, 83 per cent of cash buyers bought in the same region they came from but in 2016, only 78 per cent did – a 5 per cent fall.

The more expensive regions have seen the biggest changes in cash buyers buying where there are from. In the South East, the proportion has fallen by 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers from the capital buying there – a 12 per cent fall from the 53 per cent seen in 2013.

Source: Hamptons International

Number of Cash Transactions

Region Q3 2015 Q3 2016 %Change

East 9,691 8,604 -11%

East Midlands 7,787 7,905 2%

London 8,402 7,684 -9%

North East 3,612 4,131 14%

North West 11,461 11,036 -4%

South East 15,836 13,786 -13%

South West 14,125 13,960 -1%

West Midlands 7,143 6,257 -12%

Yorkshire & The Humber 6,989 6,996 0%

Wales 5,596 5,569 0%

Scotland 5,300 5,313 0%

GB 97,313 92,845 -5%

Cash buyers broaden their horizons on their search for a home

CASH TRANSFERS?

Page 3: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

© Hamptons International 2016

Source: Hamptons International

Change in Cash Transactions Regional Split 2013-2016

Rank Region % of Cash Sales 2013

1 South East 20%

2 South West 20%

3 East of England 13%

4 North West 12%

5 East Midlands 9%

6 West Midlands 7%

7 London 7%

8 Scotland 6%

9 Wales 3%

10 Yorkshire and the Humber 2%

11 North East 1%

Rank Region % of Cash Sales 2016

1 South West 19%

2 South East 18%

3 North West 14%

4 East of England 10%

5 East Midlands 10%

6 Scotland 7%

7 West Midlands 7%

8 London 6%

9 Yorkshire and the Humber 4%

10 Wales 3%

11 North East 1%

London cash buyers have now set their sights further afield in the search of debt-free homes. The South West has seen an increase in the proportion of London cash buyers buying there. In 2013, only 7 per cent of London cash buyers bought a home there but this has now grown to 10 per cent in 2016. Similarly, only 2 per cent of London cash

buyers bought a home in the North in 2010 but this has now grown to 8 per cent. South East cash buyers also show a similar trend. In 2013, 8 per cent of their purchases were for homes in the South West but this has now risen to 12 per cent. Their purchases in the North have also increased from 1 per cent to 3 per cent.

Typically, cash buyers buy in the region they come from, but this has changed in recent years.

Page 4: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

10.0

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CPI Real Earnings

As recent Budgets and Autumn Statements go, Philip Hammond’s first one was a little, well,

boring. But that’s how the government’s fiscal planning should be. Rabbits out of hats might be entertaining to watch, but they are generally not great for business and tax planning.

The new Chancellor’s other departure was to reduce the emphasis on austerity. He hasn’t gone overboard, but committing funds to research and development and investment in infrastructure is a welcome relief, achieved by relaxing the timescale of reducing the government deficit.

There isn’t a huge amount to spend, but some of it goes into providing new housing: £1.4bn for affordable homes and £2.3bn by 2020-21 for infrastructure to help local authorities “unlock new private housebuilding in the areas where housing need is greatest”. He hopes this will get 100,000 homes built.

That’s all great stuff, but there was also a reminder that it’s not going to be easy, even with less austerity. The Office for Budget Responsibility’s forecasts show that inflation is expected to pick up quite sharply in 2017 due to the impact of the fall in sterling. The impact of that is to significantly affect real earnings growth, which means that even though austerity is less severe, households will still feel the pinch.

One thing that may give some relief though is the expectation that interest rates will fall and remain below 0.5 per cent until the end of 2019. That’s good news for homebuyers, particularly first time buyers, who want or need to move home. That combined with the Governor of the Bank of England’s commitment to ensure that credit remains available to homebuyers and businesses should help to promote much needed liquidity in the housing market.

Inflation and Real Earnings Growth %Forecast

OBR Interest Rate Projections %

Source: OBRSource: ONS / OBR

2015Q1

2015Q3

2016Q1

2016Q3

2017Q

1

2017Q

3

2018Q1

2018Q3

2019Q1

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2021Q3

2022Q1

0.0

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1.0

The new chancellor tones down the drama in his first autumn statement

A CAUTIOUS STATEMENT

Page 5: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

© Hamptons International 2016

Transactions are the best signal of the health of the housing market and as we approach

the end of 2016, there is some concern that they have not recovered faster. Although chances are we will end the year with overall transactions in the UK being slightly above that of 2015.

But this achievement is partly due to the unprecedented spike in transactions in the lead up to the new stamp duty rules – a 73 per cent year-on-year growth in March alone. Much of the year since has been marked by decreasing number of transactions.

Yet there is encouraging news for transactions in the coming months. Mortgage approval numbers are a good gauge of future transactions and, following the lull in activity in the wake of the EU referendum results, approvals are picking up. October marked the first time in the year where we have seen consecutive monthly increases in approvals. They grew by 7 per cent between August & September and September &

UK Mortgage Approvals & Transactions Cumulative YoY Mortgage Approval Growth, UK

October. This is good news for transactions. Recently the conversion rate of around 80 per cent of approvals go on to complete – so as mortgage approvals grow so too do transaction numbers a few months after.

What is also encouraging is that first-time buyers have been driving this revival. Our former chancellor’s policy on the stamp duty surcharge, loading the scale in favour of first-time buyers over landlords, looks to be having the intended effects as more first-time buyers seem to be entering the market. Since the stamp duty introduction, first-time buyer mortgages have been trending up as landlords’ have declined. And with house price growth set to slow next year, they have more opportunities to start their home owning journey.

Source: Bank of England & HMRC Source: CML

Jan-

15Fe

b-15

Mar

-15

Apr-1

5M

ay-1

5Ju

n-15

Jul-1

5Au

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ct-1

5N

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n-16

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6Ap

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-16

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l-16

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16Se

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-16

-40%

-20%

0%

20%

Yoy

Gro

wth

40%

60%

80%

Mortgage Approvals Transactions

Jan-

15

Feb-

15

Mar

-15

Apr-1

5

May

-15

Jun-

15

Jul-1

5

Aug-

15

Sep-

15

Oct

-15

Nov

-15

Dec

-15

Jan-

16

Feb-

16

Mar

-16

Apr-1

6

May

-16

Jun-

16

Jul-1

6

Aug-

16

Sep-

16

-20%

0%

20%

40%

% G

row

th

60%

80%

100%

First-Time Buyers Movers Buy-to-Let

POSITIVE SIGNSThe future looks a little bit brighter for transactions in the housing market

Page 6: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

However, it’s not just the capital where this is happening. Other major cities across southern England have also seen smaller proportions of tenants renting a home with a spare bedroom. Less than 30 per cent of tenants in Oxford, Cambridge & Bristol rent a home with a spare room. In contrast, tenant in cities further North are nearly twice as likely to have a spare room – in Manchester, Newcastle & Liverpool, 38 per cent, 40 per cent and 41 per cent of tenants rent a home with a spare room.

In 2016, just one in three tenants, 35 per cent, were renting a property with a spare room for

guests. This is the lowest level on record and down from a peak of 59 per cent in 2010 . As rents have risen in recent years, so has the average cost of an extra bedroom. In Great Britain, the average is now £295 a month per room. As a result, fewer tenants have been willing or able to pay the extra money for this luxury when looking for a home to rent.

This trend is most apparent in the capital, where rents are most expensive. Here the average additional cost for an extra bedroom is £845 per month. In 2016, just 26 per cent of tenants in the capital were renting a home with a spare room – a 35 per cent fall compared with 2010.

Proportion of Tenants With a Spare Bedroom Tenants With a Spare Bedroom

Source: Countrywide Research

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

0%

20%

10%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

GB London

2016 2010

London 26% 61%

South East 31% 55%

Scotland 32% 56%

South West 33% 57%

East of England 36% 58%

Wales 36% 58%

West Midlands 39% 59%

Yorkshire and the Humber 40% 61%

North East 45% 63%

North West 45% 66%

East Midlands 48% 68%

Great Britain 35% 59%

Source: Countrywide Research

Spare rooms have become a luxury in the rental market

NOTHING TO SPARE

Page 7: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

© Hamptons International 2016

*Data based on 12 months to November 2016

Source: Countrywide Research

Top 5 PurchaseLocations

BarnetBromleyHaveringCornwallCroydon

Isle Of WightSouthampton

CornwallNew Forest

Havant

CornwallBournemouth

PlymouthEast Devon

South Somerset

Average Price Paid £391,569 £301,100 £229,287

LondonBuyer Location South East South West

% of NationalCash Buyers 10% 18% 15%

% Who Buy inSame Region 41% 75% 91%

Second Most Popular Region

South East19%

South West12%

South East3%

CASH BUYERS AND WHERE TO FIND THEMAlmost half of cash transactions occur in the southern half of the country

Page 8: MARKET INSIGHT - Urban Spaces · 8 per cent between 2013 and 2016; from 83 per cent to 75 per cent London stands out from the rest of the country with only 41 per cent of cash buyers

Urban Spacest: 020 7251 4000e: [email protected]

©Hamptons International 2016. This report was published for the purpose of general information and Hamptons International and Urban Spaces accept no responsibility for any loss or damage that results from the use of content contained therein, including any errors or negligence from third party information providers. It is your sole responsibility to independently check and verify the facts contained within this report. All opinions and forecasts within this report do not in any way represent investment or other advice. Reproduction of this report in whole or in part is not allowed without the prior written consent of Hamptons International.

Fionnuala EarleyResidential Research Director

Johnny MorrisHead of Research