Click here to load reader

Marine Corps Planning Process - United States Marine Corps 5-1.pdf · PDF fileUSMC US Marine Corps PCN 143 000068 00 MCWP 5-1 Marine Corps Planning Process USMC DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT

  • View
    217

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Marine Corps Planning Process - United States Marine Corps 5-1.pdf · PDF fileUSMC US...

  • USMC

    US Marine Corps

    PCN 143 000068 00

    MCWP 5-1

    Marine CorpsPlanning Process

    USMC

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

  • To Our Readers

    Changes: Readers of this publication are encouraged to submit suggestionsand changes through the Universal Need Statement (UNS) process. The UNSsubmission processs is delineated in Marine Corps Order 3900.15_, MarineCorps Expeditionary Force Development System, which can be obtained fromthe Marine Corps Publications Electronic Library Online (http://www.marines.mil/news/publications/Pages/Publications137.aspx).

    The UNS recommendation should include the following information:

    Location of changePublication number and titleCurrent page numberParagraph number (if applicable)Line numberFigure or table number (if applicable)

    Nature of changeAddition/deletion of textProposed new text

    Additional copies: A printed copy of this publication may be obtained fromMarine Corps Logistics Base, Albany, GA 31704-5001, by following the in-structions in MCBul 5600, Marine Corps Doctrinal Publications Status. Anelectronic copy may be obtained from the MCCDC Doctrine World Wide Webhome page: https://www.doctrine.usmc.mil.

    Unless otherwise stated, whenever the masculine gender is used, both men and women are included.

  • DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVYHeadquarters United States Marine Corps

    Washington, D.C. 20308-1775

    24 August 2010

    FOREWORD

    Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 5-1, Marine Corps Planning Process,was first published in January 2000. Since that time, the planning process has been used byMarine Corps forces at all echelons of command to conduct a range of military operations.The planning associated with these diverse operations has demonstrated the fundamentalsoundness of the process. Practical application has also revealed that portions of the plan-ning process and MCWP 5-1 require clarification or elaboration to enhance comprehen-sion and utility. Among these, design has emerged as a term requiring further emphasis.

    A fundamental responsibility of command, design is present not only in planning, butalso throughout the planning-execution-assessment continuum. This publication empha-sizes the importance of understanding the problem, the environment, the enemy, and thepurpose of an operation. This awareness is fundamental to the first step in planningfor-merly named mission analysisand has, accordingly, been renamed problem framing tobetter convey its purpose and importance. Moreover, the publication includes a discus-sion of battlespace, centers of gravity, commanders intent, and commanders criticalinformation requirements as part of design, versus its former heading of commandersbattlespace area evaluation.

    Marine Corps Planning Process also clarifies the distinction between intent and guid-ance. Intent describes the purpose of the action being directed and an idea of its end state.The intent promotes subordinate initiative that is consistent with the higher commandersaims when the task assigned is no longer appropriate for the situation. Constructs, such asmethod, are forms of guidance that may be transitory.

    This publication supersedes, MCWP 5-1 w/chg 1, Marine Corps Planning Process, dated5 Jan 2000.

    MCWP 5-1 implements North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) StandardizationAgreement (STANAG) 2014, NATO Formats for Orders and Designation of Timing,Locations, and Boundaries.

  • Reviewed and approved this date.

    BY DIRECTION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS

    GEORGE J. FLYNNLieutenant General, U.S. Marine Corps

    Deputy Commandant for Combat Development and Integration

    Publication Control Number: 143 000068 00

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

  • Imagery Intelligence __________________________________________________________________________________________ A-iii

    MARINE CORPS PLANNING PROCESS

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Chapter 1. Planning OverviewDoctrinal Underpinnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2Introduction to Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3Synopsis of the Marine Corps Planning Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4Tenets of the Marine Corps Planning Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5

    Chapter 2. Problem FramingDesign. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1Staff Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4Present a Problem Framing Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7Commanders Course of Action Guidance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8Issue the Warning Order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9

    Chapter 3. Course of Action DevelopmentDevelop Courses of Action. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2Conduct a Course of Action Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4Commanders Wargaming Guidance and Evaluation Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5

    Chapter 4. Course of Action War GameWar Game Courses of Action. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2Refine Staff Estimates, Estimates of

    Supportability, and Support Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2Prepare Course of Action War Game Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3Commanders Comparison and Decision Guidance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3

    Chapter 5. Course of Action Comparison and DecisionEvaluate Courses of Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1Compare Courses of Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1Commanders Decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2Refine the Concept of Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2Update the Warning Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2

  • iv _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ MCWP 5-1

    Chapter 6. Orders DevelopmentPrepare the Order or Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1Approve the Order or Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2

    Chapter 7. TransitionTransition Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2Transition Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2Confirmation Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2

    AppendicesA Marine Corps Planning in Joint Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1B Warfighting Functions and Lines of Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1C Organization for Planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1D Marine Corps Planning Process Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1E Marine Corps Planning Process Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1F Wargaming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F-1G Staff Estimates and Estimates of Supportability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-1H Rapid Response Planning Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-1I Interagency Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-1J Design: An Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J-1K Basic Operation Plans, Operation Orders, and Attachments . . . . . . . . . K-1

    Glossary

    References

  • CHAPTER 1PLANNING OVERVIEW

    Planning is the art and science of envisioning a desired future and laying out effective waysof bringing it about.

    Marine Corps Doctrinal Publication (MCDP) 5, Planning

    The Marine Corps doctrinal philosophy ofmaneuver warfare describes planning as an essen-tial part of the broader field of command and con-trol. The aim of command and control is toenhance the commanders ability to make soundand timely decisions. Effective decisionmakingrequires both the situational understanding to rec-ognize the essence of a given problem and thecreative ability to devise a practical solution.Hence, an essential function of planning is to pro-mote understanding of the problemthe differ-ence between existing and desired conditionsand to devise ways to solve it. Planning involveselements of both art and science, combining anal-ysis and calculation with intuition, inspiration,and creativity. The Marine Corps employs severalplanning processes:

    Troopleading steps, used princ

Search related