Marin County Hazardous and Solid Waste ... Marin County Hazardous and Solid Waste Management JPA Consulting

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  • Marin County Hazardous and Solid Waste Management JPA

    Consulting Group, Inc. Resources, Respect, Responsibility

    Final Draft Zero Waste Feasibility Study

    Presented by

    R3 Consulting Group

    December 2009

  • TOC - i

    Table of Contents Executive Summary ...................................................... ES - 1

    Overview .................................................................................................ES - 1 Key Findings............................................................................................ES - 1 Recommendations...................................................................................ES - 2 Phase I ....................................................................................................ES - 3 Phase II ...................................................................................................ES - 5 Funding Options ......................................................................................ES - 6 Projected Zero Waste Results ...............................................................ES - 10 Report Organization ..............................................................................ES - 11

    I. Introduction ........................................................................ 1 Structure of Recommendations .......................................................................1

    II. Goals................................................................................. 2

    III. Methodology..................................................................... 2

    IV. Data Sources ................................................................... 2

    V. Challenges to Achieving Zero Waste................................ 3

    VI. Analysis ........................................................................... 4 Marin County Leadership in Waste Reduction and Recycling .........................4 JPA Role .........................................................................................................6 Member Agency Role ......................................................................................8 JPA Solid Waste and Recyclables Collection..................................................9 Hauler Services ...............................................................................................9 Waste Disposal..............................................................................................14 Solid Waste Facilities ....................................................................................17 Household Hazardous Waste Collection .......................................................19

    Used Oil Block Grants..............................................................................19 Universal Waste .......................................................................................20

    Existing Local Take-Back Disposal Options ..................................................21 Pharmaceutical Waste Collection.............................................................22

    Opportunities for Increasing Diversion...........................................................23 Paper .......................................................................................................23

  • TOC - ii

    Wet and Dry Collection ............................................................................24 Commercial Recycling Ordinance ............................................................24 Construction and Demolition Ordinance...................................................24 Deconstruction/Salvage of Buildings........................................................27 Food Waste..............................................................................................27 Green Waste ............................................................................................29 Maximizing Diversion ...............................................................................32 Commercial Recycling Ordinance ............................................................35 Conversion Technologies.........................................................................35 Marin County Food Waste Anaerobic Digestion and Composting Pilot Projects ....................................................................................................36 Extended Producer Responsibility ...........................................................38 Progressive Container Rates ...................................................................39 Consumption and Disposal Changes .......................................................40

    VII. Findings and Recommendations .................................. 41 Key Findings..................................................................................................41 Recommendations.........................................................................................42

    Phase I .....................................................................................................43 Phase II ....................................................................................................48

    VIII. Costs and Funding Options ......................................... 52 Estimated Solid Waste System Cost .............................................................52 Funding Options ............................................................................................56

    Appendices Appendix A Northern California Solid Waste Management Authorities Appendix B Table 1: Summary of Recommendations Appendix B Table 2: Cost per Ton of Waste Reduction

    Tables and Figures Tables ES-1 Summary of Recommendations by Responsible Party............ES - 2 ES-2 Funding Options ......................................................................ES - 6 ES-3 Estimated Costs ......................................................................ES - 7 ES-4 Diversion Estimates by Recommendation .............................ES - 10 Table 1 Franchised Haulers .......................................................................10

  • TOC - iii

    Table 2 Recyclable Materials Collected by Haulers ...................................10 Table 3 Bay Cities Refuse (2006)...............................................................11 Table 4 Marin Sanitary Service (2006) .......................................................12 Table 5 Mill Valley Refuse (2006)...............................................................13 Table 6 Novato Disposal (2006) .................................................................13 Table 7 Redwood Empire Disposal (2006).................................................14 Table 8 Tamalpais Community Services District (2006).............................14 Table 9 JPA Disposal Composition ............................................................16 Table 10 Disposal Destination......................................................................17 Table 11 Current Residential and Commercial Diversion Destination ..........18 Table 12 Sharps Collection Locations in the County ....................................22 Table 13 Sharps Collection in County from FY 05-06 to FY 07-08...............22 Table 14 Pharmaceutical Waste Collection Locations in the County........... 23 Table 15 Pharmaceutical Waste Collection in County from FY 05-06 to

    FY 07-08........................................................................................23 Table 16 Summary of Compost Facilities That Accept Food Waste.............28 Table 17 Green Waste Compost Facilities within 100 Miles of the City

    of San Rafael.................................................................................29 Table 18 Transfer Stations that Accept Green Waste ..................................30 Table 19 Flat Areas ......................................................................................39 Table 20 Hill Areas .......................................................................................40 Table 21 Estimated Countywide Costs.........................................................52 Table 22 Estimated Costs ............................................................................53 Table 23 Funding Options ............................................................................57

    Figures Figure ES-1 Materials Disposed ..................................................................ES - 1 Figure 1 Materials Disposed ........................................................................15 Figure 2 Disposal Tonnage 1995 – 2007.....................................................15 Figure 3 Top 5 Commercial Business Types by Waste Disposed ...............23 Figure 4 Top Four Residential Materials Disposed......................................32 Figure 5 Top Four Commercial Materials Disposed ....................................32

  • TOC - iv

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  • Page ES - 1

    Executive Summary Overview The Marin Hazardous and Solid Waste Management Joint Powers Authority (JPA 1 ) has established a Zero Waste Goal of achieving 80 percent waste reduction in the next five years and zero disposal by 2025. To address how best to meet this Zero Waste Goal, the JPA has initiated a two-phase process. Phase I, the “Zero Waste Feasibility Study”, focuses on establishing programs and policies to strengthen the countywide framework for meeting the Goal. Phase II will focus on implementation of specific programs and policies by the Member agencies and the JPA to meet the Goal.