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Managers Heart Rates in Competition – Mental Approach to Games (Des Jennings, Sports Institute NI & Kevin McGuigan, Sport Scientist Ulster GAA)

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  • Managers Heart Rates in Competition Mental Approach to Games (Des Jennings, Sports Institute NI & Kevin McGuigan, Sport Scientist Ulster GAA)

  • Session Outline


    Setting the Scene:Background / What is Heart Rate10 minutes

    The Project Heart Rate Analysis(Project Outline & Results)15 minutes

    Impact on Decision Making(Heart Math & Practical Demonstration)15 minutes

    Practical Implications(Connecting Theory & Practical)15 minutes

    Recommendations & Discussion(Questions)15 minutes

  • Picture this....

  • Background Dugmore (2002)Peak HR 120 BPMPeak HR 160 BPM

  • Dugmore (2002)Getting your heart to these sorts of levels would normally only happen if you had done a vigorous work-out in the gym.

    Your heart needs to be fit to withstand those surges... ...many managers are former players and if they dont take care of themselves, they will be at significant risk.

  • What is Heart Rate?What is it?The bodys rev counter;

    What does it feel like? Practical Example 1 (Volunteer)

    How do stress and physical activity affect HR?Its far more dangerous when stress causes the response because the adrenaline tends to narrow the arteries and that could contribute to the risk of heart disease. (Dugmore, 2002)

  • What Can Affect HR?Exercise 2

    In groups of 2 / 3 discuss what events during a match YOU THINK can affect / impact upon HR?

    Feedback ;

    Discussion .

  • The Project - Overview5 Senior Inter-county managers and 2 University managers participated;

    Each wore a real time HR monitor for the duration of the match;

    Key incidents were annotated on the system during the match;

    A total of 17 results were gathered across a range of matches of varying intensity;McKenna Cup;NFL;Ulster Senior Football Championship

  • Results - Statistics

    McKenna Cup (8)NFL (6)USFC (3)Collective Results (Based on the average across the group)Peak HR (BPM)124157146Peak HR (%)698883Average HR (BPM)94120118Average HR (%)526867Individual ResultsTop Peak HR152190166Low Peak HR105 138133Top Avg HR111138129Low Avg HR84108110

  • Results - Graphs

  • Results - ExampleApproximate resting heart rate - 78 BPMThrow InHalf TimeMajor Incident

  • What Can Affect HR?

    Return to Exercise 2 The Answer

    In groups of 2 / 3 discuss what events during a match YOU THINK can affect / impact upon HR?

  • Controversial DecisionHeart Rate Peak190 BPM

  • Goal ForHeart Rate Peak130 BPM

  • Penalty For - GoalHeart Rate Peak135 BPM

  • Goal AgainstHeart Rate Peak130 BPM

  • Good Tackling Near SidelineHeart Rate Peak130 BPM

  • Making SubstitutionHeart Rate Peak115 BPM

  • Goal AgainstHeart Rate Peak127 BPM

  • How can this heart rate response to pitch activities impact on decision making abilities?

    Des Jennings

  • The Physiology of PerformanceCool under pressureIn controlLoss of interestCynical

  • Generating Coherencesynchronising systemsSystemRespiratory CentreHeartDigestiveBlood PressureCognitiveAutonomic Centre

  • 6070809015010015020060708090TIME (SECONDS) APPRECIATIONFRUSTRATIONPerceptions & Emotions profoundly affect Autonomic Nervous System Balance and Heart RhythmsHEART RATEHEART RATE

  • 65707580859095-4-2024RESPIRATION1201802403003604204800. (SECONDS)BLOOD PRESSURE (PTT)FREEZE-FRAMEHEART RATE VARIABILITYGenerating CoherenceHeart Rate (BPM)Time (sec.)Resp. Units

  • ResultsThere was an overall reduction in cortisol levels of 9.4% (range -32.8 to +29.6%) in the HM group compared to an overall increase of 21.1% (range -16.1 to +127.9%) in the CON group.

  • TestimonialI found it helpful in helping deal with pressure situations such as before big games and even before interviews and presentations in university.

    Yes, I felt the training taught me to be more in touch with my body and helped me channel nervous energy into positive energy effectively.

    I found the Heartmath useful to help control my heart rate and breathing.

    Tried to use the breathing technique during periods of pressure in games and training. If this was useful or successful was very hard to measure however it did provide a method of routine which in turn helped in focussing my attention in the present.

    I used it in particular with my kicking practice, and found it very useful.

  • Case Studies

  • K3K2K1167174171123130140Niall OConnor: Heart Rate Graph

  • 153164165K1K2K3140143147Ian Humphreys: Heart Rate Graph

  • HeartmathPractical Exercise 3:

    Need very brave volunteer.

  • RecommendationsHow do you mentally prepare for games?Visualisation;Mental Rehearsal;

    How do you prepare your support team for games?Runners / Physio / Doctor / Selectors;Does everyone know their role on match day?

    Do you prepare for What if Scenarios?Not all situations can be controlled, do you have contingencies in place for unforeseen developments?Injuries / Red Cards / Bad Start

  • RecommendationsAre you watching the game rather than engrossed in it?Learning to take a backward step;Remove the emotion from the situation;

    How fit are you?Good fitness levels can help keep a lower heart rate;It can also protect you from a health perspective;

    Can you regulate your heart rate during the game?Breathing techniques;Relaxation techniques.

  • Questions?

    1818Purpose:A model of human performance and physiology Henris axisShows relationship between Autonomic nervous system ANS (vertical axis) and the Hormonal system (horizontal axis)System was designed to re balance itself physiologicallyIllustrate using day in the life 200,000 years agoday in the life today these are called micro stressesMicro stresses are life today, not designed for this running excessive levels of Adrenalin, the substrate for high blood pressure (25% of adult population)Teaching has been, learn to relax (e.g. Tai Chi, meditation, massage etc.)Problem, only operates on ANS short term response, feeling relaxed, problem phone call, Adrenalin activated immediatelyToday will show you how the hormonal system underpins your performanceHigh performance exists here (left), low performance here (right)Example: come to work negative under perform. to deliver high resultsGo through four quadrants and illustrateImpact on health high Adrenalin type (high BP), high Cortisol type (cancer)Illustrate with an example of positive intent being frustrated by the impact of organisational changeVacillate between high Adrenalin and high Cortisol the substrate for Heart disease, kills 50% of men and women (1 in 15 women die breast cancer) Why programmed this way illustrate with fighting Ape Story (success/failure hormonally underpinned)

    Purpose: To explain synchronisation in the human system.

    The human system has a number of pendulums, or biological oscillatorsThese are clusters of cells that have automatic electrical activity.Clearly the heart has its own pacemaker, its own tick-tock.The gut has its own rhythm, its own tick-tock.There are more nerve cells in the gut than the spinal cord, = the Enteric Brain.The respiratory centre in the brain stem has its own tick-tock.The brain itself has hundreds of little tick-tocks, it transmits on four wavelengths.The thing that drives entrainment is the most powerful force in any system.In the human system this is the human heart.The heart generates 40-50x more electrical energy then the brain.The heart generates 1,000-5,000x more electromagnetic energy then the brain.We have always been taught that the brain is king, mind over matter etc.But it is the human heart is the main power station in the human system.It is the heart that drives entrainment.Cant see brain waves unless first factor out heart waves.

    Purpose:Establish the relationship between mood and HRV.

    Important point is how emotions affect HRV.Real data plotting pulse rate every second (y axis) vs time (x axis).Measure distance between heart beats and extrapolate to plot pulse.When frustrated generate chaotic, earthquake pattern.Why? - two sides or nervous system fighting each other.Driving car with feet on accelerator & brake at same time -stop/start.+ve emotional state, smooth rolling trace, sinusoidal curve.Finger probe can show whether you are like top trace or bottom trace.

    Purpose:To show what happens to physiology during the Freeze-Frame.

    Flip the switch and the HRV trace immediately becomes sinusoidal.Respiration has its own variability,if excited we breath faster, relaxed we breathe slower.At the moment we do FF, respiration trace also become sinusoidalSimilarly, pulse transit time, a surrogate measure of blood pressure also sinusoidal.All systems sync up to the same pattern or frequency.This is why we feel balanced.Real example - public speaking, voice trapped in throat, heart pounding blood pressure variable. Basically all over the place.Once get into stride (positive emotion) it flows better.