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A presentation on Malawi Bugala Study Centre By Dominic Mtumbuka and Chifundo Tenthani 06/06/22 chifundo2008

Malawi Presentation

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A presentation that I and Domi did to a group of young men at a study centre in Uganda.

Text of Malawi Presentation

A presentation on MalawiBugala Study Centre By Dominic Mtumbuka and Chifundo Tenthani





Malawi Brief HistoryA

dynasty known as the Maravi Empire was founded by the Amaravi people in the late 15th century. The Amaravi, who eventually became known as the Chewa (a word possibly derived from a term meaning "foreigner"), migrated to Malawi from the region of the modern day Republic of Congo to escape unrest and disease. The Chewa attacked the Akafula, who settled in small family clans without a unified system of protection. Using a system of destruction they would later employ in hunting predatory animals, the Chewa hunted down and butchered the Akafula.chifundo2008


Malawi Brief Historyknown as British Central Africa and Nyasaland 1889 and was at one time part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The country reached full independence, as Malawi, in 1964. The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved on 11/09/08 chifundo2008 31December 1963.In colonial times it was

Malawi Past and Present RulersHis Excellency the Life

President Ngwazi Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda 1964-1994 First president of the first political grouping the National African Congress from 1959 A dictator by all means No other poster, clock, or picture could be placed higher on the wall than the president's picture.



Malawi Past and Present RulersDr Bakili Muluzi 1994-

2004 A very corrupt politician who plundered the Malawi economy and enriched himself and his pals. Current leader of the main opposition party United Democratic Front Wants to run for presidency again 11/09/08 chifundo2008

Malawi Past and Present Rulers2004- date Was UDF but left the UDF party on 5 February 2005 citing differences with the UDF, particularly over his anti-corruption campaign Formed his own Democratic Progressive Party Seen by many Malawians as savior Recently knighted Ngwazi 11/09/08 chifundo2008Dr Bingu wa Muthalika

Malawi Key Facts Location: SE Africa Time: GMT + 2. Area:


km2 (45,747 sq

miles). Population: 13.6million (CIA estimate2007 Population density: 114 per km2 Capital: Lilongwe Languages: English and Chichewa are both official. Chichewa is widely spokenbut thelanguage of the business community is English. Religion: 80% are Christian, 13% Muslim. A recorded4.3% of the 11/09/08 chifundo2008 remaining7% have no religion

The flag of Malawi Officially adopted on July

6, 1964, on the day it gained independence from British rule. Malawi was earlier a protectorate of Britain and was called Nyasaland.11/09/08 chifundo2008

The Malawi flag Modeled



on the banner adopted by the Malawi Congress Party that led the struggle for independence. The black stripe on the Malawi flag stands for the African people. The red color symbolizes the blood shed for their

The Malawi flag The green color signifies


the country's vegetation. The rising sun is symbolic of the dawn of freedom and hope among the people of the African continent. Black, red and green are considered as the black liberation colors. chifundo2008

Coat of Arms The national crest has the

rising sun at the top and bottom, representing the dawn of freedom in Africa. The fish eagle and wavy bands on the shield symbolize Lake Malai while the lion and the leopard guard the crest as a whole. The land at the base is the rugged Mulanje mountain. The crest bears the motto 11/09/08 chifundo2008 'Unity and Freedom'.

Malawi Geography Malawi shares borders N

and NE with Tanzania, to the S, E and SW with Mozambique and to the W with Zambia. Lake Malawi, the third largest lake in Africa, is the dominant feature of the country, forming the eastern boundary with Tanzania and Mozambique. The scenery varies in the countrys three regions.



Malawi GeographyThe Northern Region is

mountainous, with the highest peaks reaching over 2,500m (8,200ft), and features the rolling Nyika Plateau, rugged escarpments, valleys and the thickly forested slopes of the Viphya Plateau. The Central Region is mainly a plateau, over 1,000m (3,300ft) high, with fine upland scenery. This is the countrys main agricultural area.11/09/08 chifundo2008

Malawi Geographyis mostly low-lying except for the 2,100m(6,890ft-) high Zomba Plateau south of Lake Malawi and the huge, isolated Mulanje Massif (3,000m/10,000ft) in the southeast. The variety of landscape and the wildlife it supports make this relatively un-spoilt country particularly attractive 11/09/08 visitors. chifundo2008 toThe Southern Region

Main ExportsThe main Foreign

exchange earner is tobacco Tea, coffee, cotton, macadamia nuts and sugar also play a role



EnergyJust like many African countries, the use of

biomass as an energy source is high Efficient use of this resource is being promoted Petroleum moves the transport sector Attempts are underway to start using ethanol in cars Malawi has four hydropower stations Black outs is a common occurrence



CultureMusic and dances

play a big role to show happiness and cerebrate different occasions Like to warn And just for fun



The peopleWealth not well

distributed Most are poor Always smiling The people of Malawi are accurately described as the friendliest on the continent. It is they who make this country the Warm Heart of Africa. 11/09/08 chifundo2008

National SpecialtiesFresh

fish from Lake Malawi is the countrys speciality, chambo (Tilapia fish) being the main lake delicacy. There are trout from streams on the Zomba, Mulanje and Nyika plateaus. White maize eaten with vegetables and sometimes meat or fish. Nthochi (bread made with banana). Mbatata cookies (made with sweet potatoand cinnamon).



EducationPrimary School Std

1-8 Secondary SchoolForm 1-4 A- Levels are

www.unima.mw www.chanco.unima.mw www.poly.ac.mw www.kcn.unima.mw www.medcol.mw www.bunda.unima.mw www.mzuni.ac.mw www.ulivingstonia.org www.cunima.net


UniversityTwo Government Two Church Based



CommunicationsTwo mobile

companiesZain: Roaming

fulltime TNM

One landline

company Internet access is available



National drinksThe local beer is very good. Carlsberg has a plant here

and offer a large range of brands Sobo are the main manufacturers of soft drinks Malawi gin and tonic (MGT) is well known and inexpensive, with almost cult status.11/09/08 chifundo2008

ShoppingMalawi produces a variety

of colourful arts and crafts. Items are invariably handmade and there is no factory production of curios. Purchases include woodcarvings, wood and cane furniture, soapstone carvings, decorated wooden articles, colourful textiles, pottery, beadwork, cane and raffia items. 11/09/08 chifundo2008

SportsMalawi just like many

countries has passion for soccer. The team has qualified for the next phase on the road to Angola and SA The national soccer team is nicknamed Flames which means Malawi Netball, volleyball, basketball, tennis are also popular11/09/08 chifundo2008

Top Things To See Discover


Mzuzu, the capital of the northern region. There are two game areas in the region: the beautiful and unique plateau of Nyika National Park and the Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve. The famous Livingstonia Mission, with its interesting museum, is nearby. Lilongwe, Malawi's capital. Alongside the traditional Old Town, with its interesting markets, is the modern city and seat of government with its imaginative architecture in a garden setting.chifundo2008

Top Things To See North

of Blantyre, be mesmerized by the stunning views at the top of the 2,100m (6,890ft) Zomba Plateau. Its vast forests and waterfalls tower above Zomba, a university town and the former capital. The magnificent Mulanje Massif. The highest point of this huge block of mountains, which cover more than 640 sq km (250 sq miles) and rise to over 3,000m (10,000ft), can be seen at Sapitwa.



Top Things To SeeLook for elephants

during the early mornings and evenings in Kasungu National Park, where they appear to drink from dambos (river channels). The grasslands support large herds of buffalo and some varieties of antelope, such as kudu and reedbuck.chifundo2008


Top Things To See The 24,000 sq km (15,000

sq miles) lake that lies in the deep, trough-like rift valley, running the length of the country. Lake Malawi contains more fish than any other lake in the world and some of the rarest tropical fish are unique to it. The Anglican Cathedral, built by missionaries over 100 years ago, on Likoma Island. Located on the east side of the lake, near the Mozambique shore, the island also offers excellent swimming.11/09/08 chifundo2008

Top Things to seeThe world's first freshwater

national park and its renowned settings and attractions. Lake Malawi National Park, close to Monkey Bay, lies towards the southern extremity of the lake. Snorkelling or scubadiving reveals tropical fish and further inland klipspringer, bushbuck and vervet monkeys can be 11/09/08 chifundo2008 seen.

Getting There: By AirThe

national airline is Air Malawi (QM) (website: www.airmalawi.com).

Main Airports Lilongwe International is 26km from the city, journey time 25 to 30 minutes. Chileka is 13km from the city. A domestic network that provides regular links between Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu andClub Makokola on the southern lakeshore11/09/08 chifundo2008

Getting There: By WaterThe

Ilala Ferry connects Malawian ports with Metangula and Cbu in Mozambique. Cruises on Lake Malawi are available by local steamer. Food and cabins are available. For details contact local travel bureaux.11/09/08 chifundo2008

Getting There: By RoadThere are road connections with

Mozambique at Mwanza in SW Malawi and at Chiponde in the E; with Tanzania at the Songwe River Bridge in the far NW of the country.From Zambia, the main crossing point ison the main LilongweLusaka highway30km (19 miles) east ofChipata in the W. Border crossing points are generally open between 06001800. The border personnel just like all Malawians are very friendly Very luxurious buses operate between cities11/09/08 chifundo2008