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    Competitiveness of Tier-1 Indian Cities

    Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the

    Degree of

    Master of Business Administration

    By

    Pavel Rudra

    (Entry Number: 2013SMT6711)

    Under the guidance of

    Prof. M P Gupta

    Department of Management Studies

    Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

    New Delhi, May 2015

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    CERTIFICATE

    This is to certify that the major project titled Competitiveness of tier-1 Indian Cities is

    a bona fide record of the work carriedout byMr.Pavel Rudraunder my guidance and

    supervision towards partial fulfilment of the requirement for Major Project for awarding

    the degree of Master of Business Administration, at Department of ManagementStudies,

    Indian Institute of Technology Delhi.

    This work has been duly completed and has not been submitted anywhere else for the award

    of any degree or diploma.

    Material, wherever has been borrowed has been duly acknowledged.

    Date: Prof. M P Gupta

    Place: New Delhi Department of Management Studies

    Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    The successful completion of graduation research project facilitates the beginning of a never

    ending learning experience. The project Competitiveness of Tier-1 Indian Cities aims to

    find the competitiveness among the Tier-I cities in India.

    So, with reverence, veneration and honour, I acknowledge all those whose guidance and

    encouragement has helped in successful completion of the project.

    I wish to thank my guide Prof. M P Guptafor giving me an opportunity to work on such a

    topic of great relevance to the industry and to the work I shall be pursuing after completing

    my Masters degree in business administration. I am grateful to him for all the advice,

    encouragement and support he has given me during the work.

    I also pay sincere gratitude to DMS, IIT Delhi faculties and staff members for their constant

    help and cooperation throughout the academic explorations.

    Date: Pavel Rudra

    2013SMT6711

    Place: New Delhi Department of Management Studies

    Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

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    Abstract

    The city fulfilling its critical infrastructure and key resources and providing optimized

    services to its citizens can be considered as a smart city. Govt. of India has nominated 100

    cities to make them smart cities. These cities will have modern facilities for various aspectssuch as governance, health, administration, transportation, education, environment etc. To

    find out the competitiveness of tier-1 Indian cities, we have implemented APP Framework

    (Assets-Processes-Performances) proposed by Prof. Momaya. We have identified various

    parameters required to evaluate the city competitiveness. Based on our selected parameters

    we have collected secondary data for the year of 2011, 2012, and 2013.As a result we will be

    explaining the 6 tier-1 Indian cities competitiveness analysis with respect to smart city

    development.

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    Table of Contents

    Abstract3

    List of Figures..6

    List of Tables7

    Abbreviations8

    Chapter 1. Introduction.......................................................................................................9

    1.1City Competitiveness..9

    1.1.1Objective.11

    1.1.2 Scope..11

    1.2Motivation..11

    1.2.1GOI agenda on smart cities .....12

    1.2.2 Criteria for identifying the smart cities . ..................12

    1.2.3 Specific Targets...14

    1.3 Build of the Report .....................................................................................................14

    Chapter 2. Literature Study.......................................................................15

    2.1 Literature Study on City Competitiveness.15

    2.1.1 Compilation of key global cities.16

    2.2 Indian running smart cities projects...17

    2.3 Comparison between Dholera, GIFT City and Naya Raipur.19

    Chapter 3. Smart Village..20

    3.1Smart Village...20

    3.2 Case Study: Pochampally Village................................................21

    3.3Case Study: Smart Village Application in Australia...22

    3.4 Case Study: Smart Village Application in Ireland .22

    Chapter 4. Methodology .................................................................................... ......23

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    4.1 APP Framework for Competitiveness.23

    4.2 Problem........24

    4.3 Selected indicators....24

    Chapter 5. Results and Discussions26

    5.1 Results...26

    5.2 Discussions ............................29

    5.3 Recommendations.29

    5.4 Implications for Research...............................................................................................29

    5.5 Implications for Practice ........................................................................................29

    5.6 Conclusions ........................................................................................29

    References ..................................................................................................... .31

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    List of Figures

    Figure 2.1Dholera SIR .................................................................................................. 17

    Figure 2.2GIFT City...................................................................................................... 18

    Figure 2.3Naya Raipur .................................................................................................. 18

    Figure 3.1 Smart Village Ecosystem .............................................................................. 20Figure 3.2 Governance Model ....................................................................................... 21

    Figure 3.3 Smart Village Pochampally Ecosystem......................................................... 22

    Figure 5.1 City Competitiveness graph .......................................................................... 28

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    List of Tables

    Table 1.1Dimensions of a smart city.............................................................................. 9Table 1.2 Nominated smart cities in India ..13

    Table 2.1 Literature study on City Competitiveness...15Table 2.2 Smart tech and applications in city ecosystem ...15

    Table 2.3 Leading cities in 2013.16Table 2.4 Comparison of the 3 projects..19

    Table 5.1 Normal Score of the tier-1 Indian cities..26Table 5.2 Average and standard deviation .27

    Table 5.3 Standardized Score .27

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    Abbreviations

    GIFT Gujarat International Finance Tec-City

    IoT Internet of Things

    DMIC Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor

    SIR Special Investment Region

    BRTS Bus Rapid Transit System

    APP Assets Processes Performances

    FDI-Foreign Direct Investment

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    Chapter 1. Introduction

    1.1 City Competitiveness

    Competitiveness refers to a citys ability to create employment opportunities, attract

    investments, experts, professionals and people. The ease of being able to do business and the

    quality of life it offers determines its competitiveness. The set of factors policies,

    institutions, strategies and processes determines the level of sustainable productivity of a city.

    Smart City: Definitions

    Various authors have given different views and definitions for smart cities. Some of them are

    given below:

    A Smart City is a well performing city built on the smart combination of

    endowments and activities of self-decisive, independent and aware citizens.

    Giffinger, et.al (2007: 11). It can also be defined as a a city that monitors and integrates conditions of all of its

    critical infrastructures, including roads, bridges, tunnels, rails, subways, airports,

    seaports, communications, water, power, even major buildings, can better optimize its

    resources, plan its preventive maintenance activities, and monitor security aspects

    while maximizing services to its citizens. Hall, R. E. (2000).

    A city equipped with basic infrastructure to give a decent quality of life, a clean and

    sustainable environment through application of smart solutions.

    Smart City Dimensions

    Basicallya smart city has 6 dimensions as given in table 1.1.

    Table 1.1 Dimensions of a smart city

    Smart Economy Smart People Smart Governance

    (Social and Human Capital) (Participation)

    Entrepreneurship Level of qualification Participation in decisionmaking

    Productivity Affinity to lifelong learning Transparent governance

    Economic image and trademarks Flexibility Public and socialservices

    International embeddedness Creativity Political StrategiesAbility to transform Cosmopolitanism/Open-

    mindedness

    Perspectives

    Flexibility of labour market Social and ethnic plurality

    Participation in public life

    Smart Mobility Smart Environment Smart Living

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