Mainstreaming DRR and Climate Change Adaptation - Sri Lanka Use Plans developed by UDA for Ambalantota ... (Building codes, setback regulations) ... Mainstreaming DRR and Climate Change Adaptation - Sri Lanka

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    05-May-2018

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M i t i DRR d Cli t ChMainstreamingDRRandClimateChangeAdaptationinLocalDevelopmentPlanningPProcessesLessonsandExperiencesfromSriLankaBhathiyaKekulandalaContentsContents BackgroundBackground Communitybasedmechanismstolocalgovernmentfocusedmechanisms Localdevelopmentplanningatcrossroads Case study of WanduruppaCasestudyofWanduruppa LessonsBackgroundBackground Community should take the leadership for DM but,CommunityshouldtaketheleadershipforDMbut,financialallocationsfordevelopmentfunctionsarewithauthorizedbodies TimecontributionfromthepoorcommunitiestoDMactivities(twoaspects;meagercontributionandgettingexcluded) Inpractice,CBDMwasnotcommunityownedorledb h d b d fbutcharacterizedbyvaryingdegreesofcommunityparticipation Communityhasnolegalpowerstodictatetermsfordi i i idisastermitigation Communityiswithlimitedtechnicalknowhowforl t di t iti tilong termdisastermitigationmeasures Developmentfunctionshavebeendecentralizedordevolved among different authoritiesdevolvedamongdifferentauthorities Disasterandclimateinformationishardlyusedindecision makingdecisionmaking Localgovernmentsarekeyplayersthataretaskedwithprovisioning essential services and take important roleprovisioningessentialservicesandtakeimportantroleonreliefandrescueLocal Planning at CrossroadsLocalPlanningatCrossroadsInstitutionsInstitutionsFlood Mitigation in WanduruppaFloodMitigationinWanduruppaImplementation StrategyImplementationStrategy LeadPlanningAgency UrbanDevelopmentAuthorityg g y p y TechnicalExpertise DisasterManagementCentre,DepartmentofIrrigation,CoastalConservationDepartment,AgriculturalDepartment,AgrarianServicesDepartment,communityfloodmitigationcommitteeSt k h ld Aff t d C it Di t i t S t i t Stakeholders AffectedCommunity,DistrictSecretariat,DivisionalSecretariats(Hambantota,Ambalantota),CentralEnvironmentAuthority,DepartmentofWildlifeConservation,ForestDepartment,Pradeshiya Sabha,LandUsePlanningDepartment,otherCivilSocietyOrganizationsT h i l F ilit ti P ti l A ti TechnicalFacilitation PracticalActionProject LocationProjectLocationSatelliteImageofWalawa RiverMouthVulnerabilityContextFloodaffectedareaandGNDivisionsood a ected a ea a d G s o sVulnerability Context : NumbersVulnerabilityContext:Numbers 10 GN divisions are frequently affected by floods (10 15 times10GNdivisionsarefrequentlyaffectedbyfloods(10 15timesperyear) Morethan480housesareatrisk Morethan2000acresofpaddylandsaffected Annualcroplossduetofloodisapprox.Rs.48millionSolutions Risk reduction measuresSolutions Riskreductionmeasures Short term: Disaster Preparedness and ResponseShortterm:DisasterPreparednessandResponseMechanism(atVillageLevels). Midterm:SettingupFloodmitigationMechanism(atg p g (DivisionalLevel). Longterm:DisasterriskSensitiveLandUsePlanningg gandImplementation(atLocalgovernmentlevel)ParticipatoryPlanningParticipatory Hazard prioritizationDivisional level stakeholders discussions Village level committee discussions Installation of flood gauges Effective flood mitigation mechanism Participatory Hazard map of WanduruppaGN divisionFlood affected area due to river floodU b fl d d t d iUrban floods due to drainage issuesLandUsePlansdevelopedbyUDAforAmbalantotaDS divisionDSdivisionSectorial PlanningSectorialPlanningMapping flood risk using elevation dataMappingfloodriskusingelevationdataDevelopingguidelines Guidelinesaredevelopedbasedontheriskzonation(Buildingcodes,setbackregulations) ScenariosdevelopedtoaddresstheClimatechangevariationsofriverflow Enforcing and adherence of the g idelines b Di isional EnforcingandadherenceoftheguidelinesbyDivisionalDevelopmentCommittee(DDC)whichislegallyacceptedasadevelopmentdecisionmakingbodyp g y LivelihooddevelopmentplanoftheAmbalantota,DisasterPreparednessPlans IncorporationoftheguidelinesintotheAmbalantota AreaDevelopmentplanoftheUDA Feedback loop established UDA LG Community work together in FeedbackloopestablishedUDA,LG,CommunityworktogetherinmakingthedecisionsOutcomes EffectiveFloodmitigation;avoidedcroplossappx 48million/yr and other livelihoods such as fisheriesmillion/yr andotherlivelihoodssuchasfisheries Significantsocialbenefitsformen,womenandchildrenchildren 52familiesinthehighriskzonearetoberelocated Constriction of drainage canals near school and Constrictionofdrainagecanalsnearschoolandhospitalpremises(50lakhs) Land value has been increased in the areaLandvaluehasbeenincreasedinthearea Additionallivelihoodspromotion;handicrafts,ecotourism,floodresistantcropvarieties, pTHANKYOU

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