Mainstreaming DRR and Climate Change Adaptation - Sri Lanka Use Plans developed by UDA for Ambalantota ... (Building codes, setback regulations) ... Mainstreaming DRR and Climate Change Adaptation - Sri Lanka

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  • M i t i DRR d Cli t ChMainstreamingDRRandClimateChangeAdaptationinLocalDevelopmentPlanning

    PProcessesLessonsandExperiencesfromSriLanka

    BhathiyaKekulandala

  • ContentsContents

    BackgroundBackground Communitybasedmechanismstolocalgovernmentfocusedmechanisms

    Localdevelopmentplanningatcrossroads Case study of WanduruppaCasestudyofWanduruppa Lessons

  • BackgroundBackground

    Community should take the leadership for DM but,CommunityshouldtaketheleadershipforDMbut,financialallocationsfordevelopmentfunctionsarewithauthorizedbodies

    TimecontributionfromthepoorcommunitiestoDMactivities(twoaspects;meagercontributionandgettingexcluded)

    Inpractice,CBDMwasnotcommunityownedorledb h d b d fbutcharacterizedbyvaryingdegreesofcommunityparticipation

  • Communityhasnolegalpowerstodictatetermsfordi i i idisastermitigation

    Communityiswithlimitedtechnicalknowhowforl t di t iti tilong termdisastermitigationmeasures

    Developmentfunctionshavebeendecentralizedordevolved among different authoritiesdevolvedamongdifferentauthorities

    Disasterandclimateinformationishardlyusedindecision makingdecisionmaking

    Localgovernmentsarekeyplayersthataretaskedwithprovisioning essential services and take important roleprovisioningessentialservicesandtakeimportantroleonreliefandrescue

  • Local Planning at CrossroadsLocalPlanningatCrossroads

  • InstitutionsInstitutions

  • Flood Mitigation in WanduruppaFloodMitigationinWanduruppa

  • Implementation StrategyImplementationStrategy

    LeadPlanningAgency UrbanDevelopmentAuthorityg g y p y

    TechnicalExpertise DisasterManagementCentre,DepartmentofIrrigation,CoastalConservationDepartment,AgriculturalDepartment,AgrarianServicesDepartment,communityfloodmitigationcommittee

    St k h ld Aff t d C it Di t i t S t i t Stakeholders AffectedCommunity,DistrictSecretariat,DivisionalSecretariats(Hambantota,Ambalantota),CentralEnvironmentAuthority,DepartmentofWildlifeConservation,ForestDepartment,Pradeshiya Sabha,LandUsePlanningDepartment,otherCivilSocietyOrganizations

    T h i l F ilit ti P ti l A ti TechnicalFacilitation PracticalAction

  • Project LocationProjectLocation

  • SatelliteImageofWalawa RiverMouth

  • VulnerabilityContextFloodaffectedareaandGNDivisionsood a ected a ea a d G s o s

  • Vulnerability Context : NumbersVulnerabilityContext:Numbers

    10 GN divisions are frequently affected by floods (10 15 times10GNdivisionsarefrequentlyaffectedbyfloods(10 15timesperyear)

    Morethan480housesareatrisk Morethan2000acresofpaddylandsaffected Annualcroplossduetofloodisapprox.Rs.48million

  • Solutions Risk reduction measuresSolutions Riskreductionmeasures

    Short term: Disaster Preparedness and ResponseShortterm:DisasterPreparednessandResponseMechanism(atVillageLevels).

    Midterm:SettingupFloodmitigationMechanism(atg p g (DivisionalLevel).

    Longterm:DisasterriskSensitiveLandUsePlanningg gandImplementation(atLocalgovernmentlevel)

  • ParticipatoryPlanning

    Participatory Hazard prioritization

    Divisional level stakeholders discussions

  • Village level committee discussions Installation of flood gauges

    Effective flood mitigation mechanism

  • Participatory Hazard map of WanduruppaGN division

    Flood affected area due to river flood

    U b fl d d t d iUrban floods due to drainage issues

  • LandUsePlansdevelopedbyUDAforAmbalantotaDS divisionDSdivision

  • Sectorial PlanningSectorialPlanning

  • Mapping flood risk using elevation dataMappingfloodriskusingelevationdata

  • Developingguidelines

    Guidelinesaredevelopedbasedontheriskzonation(Buildingcodes,setbackregulations)

    ScenariosdevelopedtoaddresstheClimatechangevariationsofriverflow

    Enforcing and adherence of the g idelines b Di isional EnforcingandadherenceoftheguidelinesbyDivisionalDevelopmentCommittee(DDC)whichislegallyacceptedasadevelopmentdecisionmakingbodyp g y

    LivelihooddevelopmentplanoftheAmbalantota,DisasterPreparednessPlans

    IncorporationoftheguidelinesintotheAmbalantota AreaDevelopmentplanoftheUDA

    Feedback loop established UDA LG Community work together in FeedbackloopestablishedUDA,LG,Communityworktogetherinmakingthedecisions

  • Outcomes

    EffectiveFloodmitigation;avoidedcroplossappx 48million/yr and other livelihoods such as fisheriesmillion/yr andotherlivelihoodssuchasfisheries

    Significantsocialbenefitsformen,womenandchildrenchildren

    52familiesinthehighriskzonearetoberelocated Constriction of drainage canals near school and Constrictionofdrainagecanalsnearschoolandhospitalpremises(50lakhs)

    Land value has been increased in the areaLandvaluehasbeenincreasedinthearea Additionallivelihoodspromotion;handicrafts,ecotourism,floodresistantcropvarieties, p

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