Magnificent Seven Wonders of the World - Asiapac .Magnificent Seven Wonders of the World is a guidebook

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  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the World

    Magnificent Seven Wondersof the World

    Compiled by Asiapac Editorial

  • Publishers Note

    How often do people stop to admire the beauty of man-madestructures and think about what meaning or purpose they have?By understanding the history and significance of each structure,people can increase their appreciation of the structure in waysthat go beyond appearance.

    The phrase Seven Wonders of the World is often used todescribe a few of the most well-known and admired places aroundthe world. In 2007, a list for the New Seven Wonders of theWorld was unveiled, based on a global vote. Although seven ofthe worlds greatest monuments were highlighted in this list, manypeople remain unaware of the cultural, religious and historicalsignificance these places have.

    Magnificent Seven Wonders of the World is a guidebook thatinterweaves story and fact to highlight the backgrounds of theNew Seven Wonders. It aims to promote greater understandingof these monuments by providing a clear, factual account of howeach of the Wonders came into existence, in a fun manner. Ineach chapter, the culture and time period of each Wonder isdiscussed. Along the way, there are also guides who point outinteresting things to note.

    We hope that reading this book will help you gain a sense ofmarvel and pride in these man-made structures that have stoodthe test of time. At the same time, we hope that your knowledgeof different cultures and history will be enriched much further.

    So sit tight and get ready to journey around the world andthrough time. Your trip to different cultures and eras is aboutto begin Enjoy!

  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the World44444

    The New Seven Wonders of the World

    Contents

    Introduction........................................................................................5

    Chichn Itz: City of the Maya......................................................9

    Statue of the Christ Redeemer......................................................21

    The Great Wall of China................................................................33

    Machu Picchu: Lost City of the Inca............................................45

    Petra: City in the Desert................................................................57

    The Roman Colosseum......................................................................69

    The Taj Mahal: Tomb of an Empress............................................81

    The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World................................93

    Gateway to International GreetingsLearn greetings and simple phrases from 56different cultures to equip you to talk to yourpals and contribute to world harmony andpeace. Say I love you in 56 languages!

    Gateway to Southeast AsiaRead this book to appreciate the history,heritage and culture of Southeast Asia,including the 10 ASEAN nations.

    NEW

    Also from Asiapac:

  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the WorldIntro

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    The most famous list of monuments inthe world is the Seven Wonders of theWorld. This list has been around formore than 2,000 years!

    But what exactly are the SevenWonders, and what makes themwonderful?

    IntroductionDo you know

    what the most famouslist of monuments in

    the world is?

    The original Seven Wonders of the World were seven man-made monuments which either had great cultural and religioussignificance, or were great artistic works. Beautiful temples,gigantic statues and marvellous gardens were on this list.

    The idea of what makes a Wonder has changed in modern times,however. Many different lists of wonders have been published,including Medieval Wonders, Modern Wonders, IndustrialWonders, Natural Wonders and so on. There is even a list ofthe Seven Wonders of the Internet!

    Hmm, I wonder ifall these are real

    Wonders...

  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the WorldIntroduction

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    In 2007, yet another list of greatmonuments came out. This one was made bythe Switzerland-based New Open WorldFoundation, and it is called the New SevenWonders of the World.

    The New Seven Wonders of the World weredecided by a global vote. Between 2001 and2007, more than 100 million people from allaround the world voted for their favouriteseven monuments by phone and the Internet.

    Theres yet anotherlist of Wonders now. Thisone is called the NewNewNewNewNew

    Seven Wonders ofthe World!

    The original list of Wonders was made by Greek scholars in200 B.C. This list is now known as the Seven Wonders of theAncient World, to distinguish it from all the other lists thathave been made.

    The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are:The Great Pyramid of GizaThe Hanging Gardens of BabylonThe Statue of Zeus at OlympiaThe Temple of Artemis at EphesusThe Mausoleum of HalicarnassusThe Colossus of RhodesThe Pharos of Alexandria

  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the WorldIntro

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    The New Seven Wonders of the World

    Here are the New Seven Wonders and the countries they arefound in.

    Chichn Itz (Yucatn, Mexico)The Christ Redeemer (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)The Great Wall of China (China)Machu Picchu (Machu Picchu, Peru)Petra (Maan, Jordan)The Roman Colosseum (Rome, Italy)The Taj Mahal (Agra, India)

    Just like the original Seven Wonders, the history of each NewWonder is closely interwoven with the history of its countryand with the culture of the people who built it.

  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the WorldIntroduction

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    Why have a new list?

    Despite being famous and inspiring, the original Seven Wonderslist cannot really be called a list of Wonders of the World.This is because the list is a very limited one. It contains onlylandmarks in the Mediterranean region. Monuments in otherparts of the world, such as the Taj Mahal and the Great Wallof China, are not included despite being more impressive thansome of the landmarks on the list. In fact, the Greek scholarswho made the original list probably did not even know thatgreat monuments existed in other countries!

    Whats more, most of the Ancient Wonders no longer exist.They were destroyed by natural disasters, wars or vandalism.The only Ancient Wonder which still stands today is the GreatPyramid of Giza, in Egypt.

    Perhaps the originalSeven Wonders listshould be called the

    Seven Ex-Wonders ofthe World?

    Lets find outabout the New

    Wonders.

  • Magnificent Seven Wonders of the WorldC

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    Chichn ItzCity of the Maya

    Yucatn, Mexico

    The New Seven Wonders of the World

    A UNESCO World Heritage Site

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    For about 200 years between A.D.900 and A.D. 1100, a great citystood on the Yucatn peninsula insoutheastern Mexico. This city wasChichn Itz: the capital city of theancient Maya.

    Then in the 12th century, a civil warbroke out and the city wasabandoned. But Chichn Itz wasnever really forgotten. It was toolarge, and its location was tooprominent, for people to just leaveit like that.

    Did you know that therewere multicultural, multiethnic cities

    in as early as A.D. 900?

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    Although Chichn Itz is called a Mayan city, it was actuallybuilt by a mix of people from all parts of the region. They hadcome to the Yucatn to escape wars taking place elsewhere,and decided to settle down there. This made Chichn Itzunique among other cities of the period, which usually had onlyone culture. Chichn Itz, however, had a mix of manydifferent cultures, very like modern-day cities.

    The government of Chichn Itz was also unique. In that era,most of the governments in the world were ruled by a singleperson. But Chichn Itz was ruled by a number of leadersfrom different cultural groups.

    MeMeMeMeMexxxxxiiiiicococococoChichn Itz

    You didnt need to be fromany particular tribe to live in Chichn

    Itz. Everyone was welcome!

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    Who Were the Ancient Maya?

    The ancient Maya were the most culturally developed peoplein Mesoamerica during the first millenium. They built manygreat cities including Chichn Itz, and influenced many ofthe other societies in the region.

    Mesoamerica, or middle America, is an area in between thetwo American continents. The people living in this area arefrom many different tribes and ethnic groups, but theircultures and languages were very similar. Besides the Maya,some other ancient Mesoamerican peoples were the Olmec,the Aztec and the Zapotec.

    In the present day, the Maya peoples are minority groups livingin several different Mesoamerican countries, such as Mexico,Guatemala or El Salvador. Some have integrated into modernsociety, while others have kept their traditional culture.

    My ancestors werethe people who built

    Chichn Itz!

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    Fast Facts about Chichn Itz

    The name Chichn Itz means beside the well of the Itz.The Itz are said to have been the people who founded thecity.

    When Chichn Itz was nominated as a Wonder of the World,the whole city wasnt chosen at first just its main building,the Pyramid of Kukulkn. Later, the whole city was included.

    The ground area of Chichn Itz is 30 square kilometres. Thiswas very large in ancient times, but it is very small today.Modern cities have a gro