Magnets and the magnetic field Electric currents create magnetic fields Magnetic fields of wires, loops, and solenoids Magnetic forces on charges and currents

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Magnets and the magnetic field Electric currents create magnetic fields Magnetic fields of wires, loops, and solenoids Magnetic forces on charges and currents Magnets and magnetic materials Chapter 24 Magnetic Fields and Forces Topics: Sample question: This image of a patients knee was made with magnetic fields, not x rays. How can we use magnetic fields to visualize the inside of the body? Slide 24-1 Slide 2 Magnetic Fields Around Us Slide 24-14 Slide 3 Key Points Three types of magnetic interactions 1.no interaction with either pole of a magnet => object is non-magnetic 2.attracted to both poles of a magnet => object is magnetic 3.Attracted to one pole and repelled by the other pole => object is a magnet Magnetic field vector from a bar magnet is a super position of the magnetic field vectors from the N and S poles: Vector from N pole points away from N pole Vector from S pole points towards S pole Field lines form complete loops inside and outside of magnet Field lines outside magnet go from N to S poles Field lines inside magnet go from S to N poles Magnetic Field vectors at a point are tangential to Magnetic Field Lines Slide 4 Magnetic Fields from Two Magnets Bar Magnets A and B are placed at right angles. Two compasses, X and Y are placed so that they are equidistant from the two magnets as shown A.) The arrow in compass X indicates the direction in which the North pole of the compass is pointing. Indicate the North and South ends of both magnets in the diagram B.) Draw an arrow in compass Y to show the direction in which the North pole of the compass needle would point. Slide 24-2 Slide 5 Electric Currents Also Create Magnetic Fields A long, straight wire A current loopA solenoid Slide 24-15 Slide 6 Drawing Field Vectors and Field Lines of a Current-Carrying Wire Slide 24-21 Slide 7 The Magnitude of the Field due to a Long, Straight, Current-Carrying Wire Slide 24-25 Slide 8 Checking Understanding Point P is 5 cm above the wire as you look straight down at it. In which direction is the magnetic field at P? Slide 24-19 Slide 9 Answer Point P is 5 cm above the wire as you look straight down at it. In which direction is the magnetic field at P? Slide 24-20 Slide 10 The Magnetic Field of a Current Loop Slide 24-23 Slide 11 The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid A short solenoidA long solenoid Slide 24-24 Slide 12 Slide 24-26 Slide 13 Checking Understanding A.10 A to the right. B.5 A to the right. C.2.5 A to the right. D.10 A to the left. E.5 A to the left. F.2.5 A to the left. The magnetic field at point P is zero. What are the magnitude and direction of the current in the lower wire? Slide 24-27 Slide 14 E.5 A to the left. The magnetic field at point P is zero. What are the magnitude and direction of the current in the lower wire? Slide 24-28 Answer Slide 15 The Magnetic Field of a Current Loop Magnetic field at the center of a current loop of radius R Magnetic field at the center of a current loop with N turns Slide 24-29 Slide 16 Example What is the direction and magnitude of the magnetic field at point P, at the center of the loop? Slide 24-30 Slide 17 The Magnetic Field Inside a Solenoid Magnetic field inside a solenoid of length L with N turns. Slide 24-31 Slide 18 The Force on a Charged Particle Moving in a Magnetic Field Slide 24-32 Slide 19 The Right-Hand Rule for Forces Slide 24-33 Slide 20 Slide 24-34 Slide 21 Paths of Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields Slide 24-35 Slide 22 Magnetic Fields Exert Forces on Currents Magnitude of the force on a current segment of length L perpendicular to a magnetic field Slide 24-37