First Aid/CPR/AED Instructors Manual
D | Instructors M
American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED
This instructors manual is part of the American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED program. Visit redcross.org to learn more about this program.
The emergency care procedures outlined in this book reflect the standard of knowledge and accepted emergency practices in the United States at the time this book was published. It is the readers responsibility to stay informed of changes in emergency care procedures.
PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING TERMS AND CONDITIONS BEFORE AGREEING TO ACCESS AND DOWNLOAD THE AMERICAN RED CROSS MATERIALS. BY DOWNLOADING THE MATERIALS, YOU HEREBY AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
The downloadable electronic materials, including all content, graphics, images and logos, are copyrighted by and the exclusive property of The American National Red Cross (Red Cross). Unless otherwise indicated in writing by the Red Cross, the Red Cross grants you (recipient) the limited right to download, print, photocopy and use the electronic materials, subject to the following restrictions:
The recipient is prohibited from reproducing the materials for any reason.
The recipient is prohibited from creating electronic versions of the materials.
The recipient is prohibited from revising, altering, adapting or modifying the materials.
The recipient is prohibited from creating any derivative works incorporating, in part or in whole, the content of the materials.
The recipient is prohibited from downloading the materials and putting them on their own website without Red Cross permission.
Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by the Red Cross. The Red Cross does not permit its materials to be reproduced or published without advance written permission from the Red Cross. To request permission to reproduce or publish Red Cross materials, please submit your written request to The American National Red Cross.
Copyright 2014 by The American National Red Cross. All rights reserved.
The Red Cross emblem, American Red Cross and the American Red Cross logo are trademarks of The American National Red Cross and protected by various national statutes.
Published by StayWell Health & Safety Solutions
Printed in the United States of America
This manual is dedicated to the thousands of employees and volunteers of the American Red Cross who contribute their time and talent to supporting and teaching life-saving skills worldwide and to the thousands of course participants and other readers who have decided to be prepared to take action when an emergency strikes.
This manual reflects the 2010 Consensus on Science for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) and the Guidelines 2010 for First Aid. These treatment recommendations and related training guidelines have been reviewed by the American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, a panel of nationally recognized experts in fields that include emergency medicine, occupational health, sports medicine, school and public health, emergency medical services (EMS), aquatics, emergency preparedness and disaster mobilization.
The American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED Instructors Manual was developed through the dedication of both employees and volunteers. Their commitment to excellence made this manual possible.
the american red cross team for this edition included:
Guidance and support were provided by the following individuals:
Jean ErdtmannSenior DirectorProgram Development and Sales Support
Jennifer DeibertManagerProgram Development
Ted T. Crites, CHES Manager, Technical Development First Aid, CPR, AED Programs
John HendricksonProject ManagerSales Support
Gina GunnProject ManagerSales Support
Erich EricsonSenior AssociateProgram Development
Don LauritzenSenior AssociateOperations
Cheryl MurraySenior AssociateProgram Development
Lindsay ODonnell, CHESSenior AssociateProgram Development
Mark SchrafSenior AssociateBusiness Planning
John ThompsonSenior AssociateProgram Administration
Adreania TolliverSenior AssociateProgram Development
Laurie Willshire, MPH, RNSenior AssociateProgram Administration
Wendy Moltrup, CHESAssociateProgram Development
Charles SnyderAssociateProgram Development
Jack McMasterPresidentPreparedness and Health and Safety Services
Scott ConnerSenior Vice PresidentPreparedness and Health and Safety Services
Don VardellNational ChairPreparedness and Health and Safety Services
iv First Aid/CPR/AED | Instructors Manual
the following members of the american red cross scientific advisory council also provided guidance and review:
David Markenson, MD, FAAP, EMT-PChair, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory CouncilChief, Pediatric Emergency MedicineMaria Fareri Childrens HospitalWestchester Medical CenterValhalla, NY
Jonathan L. Epstein, MEMS, NREMT-PVice Chair, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory CouncilNortheast EMS, Inc.Wakefield, MA
Richard N. Bradley, MD, FACEPCPR Subcouncil Chair, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council Associate Professor of Emergency MedicineUniversity of Texas Medical School at HoustonHouston, TX
Jeffrey Pellegrino, PhD, EMS-I, EMTFirst Aid Subcouncil Chair, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory CouncilAssistant Director Faculty Professional Development CenterKent State UniversityKent, OH
David C. Berry, PhD, ATC, EMT-BMember, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory CouncilAssociate Professor of Kinesiology and Athletic Training Education Program DirectorSaginaw Valley State UniversityUniversity Center, MI
Sunil BhedaSenior Vice PresidentProduct Development
Paula BattVice PresidentSales and Client Services
David CaneManaging Editor
Danielle DiPalmaEditorial Director
Laura ScottSenior Content Manager
Michelle ClarkSenior Graphic Designer
Maureen PanczaEditorial Project Manager
the stayWell team for this edition included:
the sounding Board for this edition included:
George BradbySenior Safety EngineerNorthrup Grumman ShipbuildingHampton Roads Chapter, American Red CrossCarrollton, VA
Nathan DeeterHR Training Specialist The Arc of Anchorage Anchorage, AK
Laura JacksonCPR and First Aid Program ManagerGreater Kansas City Chapter, American Red CrossKansas City, MO
Karen PoundsAssistant Director, Health and Safety ServicesGreater Houston Area Chapter, American Red CrossPearland, TX
Janet ReedTraining SpecialistAmerican Red Cross of Central MassachusettsWestboro, MA
William M. SnellingIT/Chair Instructional Support CommitteeSoutheastern Pennsylvania Chapter, American Red CrossPhiladelphia, PA
Danielle GahlInstructional Programs ManagerAmerican Red Cross Serving King and Kitsap CountiesSeattle, WA
Timothy ArchuletaHealth and Safety OfficerAmerican Red Cross of Greater Los AngelesLos Angeles, CA
Lynne OsborneManager of Workplace ProgramsSoutheastern Michigan Chapter, American Red CrossDetroit, MI
Table of Contents v
Purpose of the Program ____________________________1
Program Participants _______________________________1
Instructor Responsibilities __________________________1
American Red Cross Resources _____________________2
Program Courses and modules ______________________3
Program Content __________________________________3
Criteria for Course Completion and Certification _______3
Participant materials _______________________________4
Resources and materials for Instructors ______________4
Instructional Design Elements in the First Aid/CPR/AED Program ________________________7
Recommended Class size _________________________ 11
Course Times ____________________________________11
Classroom space _________________________________11
Class safety ______________________________________13
Health Precautions for Course Participants __________13
Participants with Disabilities and other Health Considerations _____________________________14
Program modifications for Different settings _________14
lesson 1 Before giving Care and Checking an Injured or Ill Person __________________ 17
lesson 2 Cardiac Emergencies and CPR ___________25
lesson 3 AED ___________________________________33
lesson 4 Breathing Emergencies _________________41
lesson 5 sudden Illness _________________________49
lesson 6 Environmental Emergencies _____________53
lesson 7 soft Tissue Injuries _____________________57
lesson 8 Injuries to muscles, Bones and Joints _____63
lesson 9 Conclusion ____________________________71
the FIrst aId/cPr/aed ProGraM
Appendix A: Activity Resources ___________________83
Appendix B: Course outlines _____________________99
Appendix C: Health Precautions and guidelines During Training _____________________103
Appendix D: master Checklist of Program materials, Equipment and supplies _____________105
Appendix E: Teaching strategies _________________107
Appendix F: Criteria for Assessing Participants ____115
Appendix g: AED Resource Information ___________119
Appendix H: Video segments for the First Aid/CPR/AED Program _________125