Los Angeles County, California

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    County of Los Angeles

    County

    Flag

    Seal

    Map of Los Angeles County, with incorporated areas (islands not

    shown in actual positions); inset- location of the county in

    California

    California's location in the US

    Coordinates: 343N 11815W

    Country United States

    State California

    Region Southern California

    Metro area Greater Los Angeles Area

    Formed February 18, 1850[1]

    Named for Named for the city of LosAngeles

    County seat Los Angeles

    Incorporated cities 88

    Government

    Type Councilmanager

    Body Board of Supervisors

    Board of

    Supervisors

    Chief Executive

    Officer

    William T Fujioka

    Area

    Total 4,752.32 sq mi

    (12,308.5 km2)

    Los Angeles County, CaliforniaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    (Redirected from Los Angeles County)

    Los Angeles County (also known as L.A. County or the

    County of Los Angeles)[4] is a county in the U.S. state of

    California. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population

    of 9,818,605, making it the most populous county in the UnitedStates. Los Angeles County alone is more populous than 42

    individual U.S. states. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles,

    the largest city in California and the second-largest city in the

    United States (after New York City).

    Los Angeles County also includes two offshore islands, San

    Clemente Island and Santa Catalina Island. The county is home

    to 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. At

    4,083 square miles (10,570 km2), it is larger than the combined

    areas of the states of Rhode Island and Delaware.

    The county is home to over a quarter of all California residents

    and is one of the most diverse counties in the country.[5]

    Contents

    1 History2 Geography

    2.1 Major divisions of the county2.2 Cities

    2.3 Unincorporated areas in Los Angeles County2.4 Census-designated places2.5 Communities not census-designated2.6 Adjacent counties2.7 National protected areas

    3 Transportation infrastructure3.1 Roads

    3.1.1 Major highways3.2 Air3.3 Train3.4 Sea

    4 Economy5 Demographics

    5.1 20105.2 2000

    6 Housing7 Law, government and politics

    7.1 Government7.2 Politics7.3 Legal system

    8 Crime statistics9 Education

    9.1 Colleges and universities

    10 Religion11 Sites of interest

    11.1 Museums11.2 Entertainment11.3 Music venues

    Coordinates: 343N 11815W

    Supervisors

    Angeles County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County

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    Land 4,060.87 sq mi

    (10,517.6 km2)

    Water 691.45 sq mi (1,790.8 km2)

    Highest elevation[2] 10,068 ft (3,069 m)

    Lowest elevation[3] 0 ft (0 m)

    Population

    Total 9,889,056

    Density 2,100/sq mi (800/km2)

    Time zone Pacific Standard Time(UTC8)

    Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time(UTC7)

    ZIP Code 9000190899, 9100193599

    Area code(s) 213, 310, 323, 424, 562, 626,661, 818

    FIPS code 06-037

    Website lacounty.gov(http://lacounty.gov/)

    11.4 Amusement parks11.5 Other attractions11.6 Other areas

    12 Lakes and reservoirs13 See also14 References15 External links

    History

    See also: History of Los Angeles

    Los Angeles County was one of the original counties of

    California, created at the time of statehood in 1850.[6] The

    county's large area included parts of what is now Kern County,

    San Bernardino County, Riverside County and Orange County.

    These parts of the county's territory were split to form San

    Bernardino County in 1853, Kern County in 1866, and OrangeCounty in 1889. In 1893, part of San Bernardino County became

    Riverside County.

    Geography

    According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 4,752.32 square miles (12,308.5 km2), of which 4,060.87

    square miles (10,517.6 km2) (or 85.45%) is land and 691.45 square miles (1,790.8 km2) (or 14.55%) is water.[7] Los

    Angeles County borders 70 miles (110 km) of coast on the Pacific Ocean and encompasses towering mountain ranges,

    deep valleys, forests, islands, lakes, rivers, and desert. The Los Angeles River, Rio Hondo, the San Gabriel River and

    the Santa Clara River flow in Los Angeles County, while the primary mountain ranges are the Santa Monica Mountains

    and the San Gabriel Mountains. The western extent of the Mojave Desert begins in the Antelope Valley, in the

    northeastern part of the county. Most of the population of Los Angeles County is located in the south and southwest,

    with major population centers in the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley. Other population

    centers are found in the Santa Clarita Valley, Crescenta Valley and Antelope Valley.

    The county is divided west-to-east by the rugged San Gabriel Mountains, filled with coniferous forests and subject to

    plentiful snowfall in the winter. The San Gabriel Mountains are part of the Transverse Ranges of southern California,

    and are contained mostly within the Angeles National Forest. Most of the highest peaks in the county are located in the

    San Gabriel Mountains, including Mount San Antonio (10,068 ft) at the Los Angeles-San Bernardino county lines,

    Mount Baden-Powell (9,399 ft), Mount Burnham (8,997 ft), and the well-known Mount Wilson (5,710 ft) where the

    Mount Wilson Observatory is located. Several smaller, lower mountains are located in the northern, western, and

    southwestern parts of the county, including the San Emigdio Mountains, the southernmost part of TehachapiMountains, and the Sierra Pelona Mountains.

    Major divisions of the county

    East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, Pomona ValleyWest: Westside, Beach CitiesSouth: South Bay, Palos Verdes Peninsula, South LosAngeles, Gateway CitiesNorth: San Fernando Valley, portions of the Conejo Valley,portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita ValleyCentral:

    Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire

    Cities

    Main article: List of cities in Los Angeles County, California

    Angeles County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County

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    Los Angeles from the airThere are 88 incorporated cities in Los Angeles County. According

    to the 2010 U.S. Census, the most populous are: [8]

    1. Los Angeles 3,792,6212. Long Beach 462,2573. Glendale 191,7194. Santa Clarita 176,320

    5. Lancaster 156,633

    6. Palmdale 152,7507. Pomona 149,0588. Torrance 145,4389. Pasadena 137,122

    10. El Monte 113,475

    11. Downey 111,77212. Inglewood 109,67313. West Covina 106,09814. Norwalk 105,549

    15. Burbank 103,340

    Unincorporated areas in Los Angeles County

    Despite the large number of incorporated cities, most of the area of the county is unincorporated, and falls directly

    under the county government's jurisdiction. With no city government, residents of these areas must petition the

    appropriate member of the Board of Supervisors when they have a grievance about the quality of local services.[citation needed]

    Census-designated places

    ActonAgua DulceAlondra ParkAltadenaAvocado HeightsCastaicCharter OakCitrusDel AireDesert View

    HighlandsEast La MiradaEast Los AngelesEast PasadenaEast San Gabriel

    East RanchoDominguezElizabeth LakeFlorence-GrahamGreen ValleyHacienda HeightsHasley CanyonLa Crescenta-MontroseLadera Heights

    Lake HughesLake Los AngelesLennoxLeona ValleyLittlerock

    Marina del ReyMayflower VillageNorth El MonteQuartz HillRose HillsRowland HeightsSan PasqualSouth MonroviaIslandSouth San Gabriel

    South San Jose HillsSouth WhittierStevenson RanchSun Village

    TopangaVal VerdeValindaView Park-WindsorHillsVincentWalnut ParkWest AthensWest CarsonWest Rancho

    DominguezWest Puente ValleyWest Whittier-LosNietosWestmontWillowbrook

    Communities not census-designated

    Academy HillAgouraAntelope AcresAthensBassettBig Mountain Ridge

    Big PinesBig RockBouquet CanyonCastaic JunctionDel Sur

    Del ValleGormanJuniper HillsLlanoPearblossom

    Kinneloa MesaTwo HarborsUniversal CityValyermo

    Centennial (planned for 70,000).[9]

    See: Los Angeles Almanac MAP: Unincorporated Areas and Communities of Los Angeles County

    (http://www.laalmanac.com/geography/ge30c.htm)

    See also: List of districts and neighborhoods of Los Angeles

    Adjacent counties

    Angeles County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County

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    Counties and bodies of water adjacent to LosAngeles County, California

    National protected areas

    Angeles National Forest (part)Los Padres National Forest (part)Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (part)

    Transportation infrastructure

    Main article: Transportation of Los Angeles

    Roads

    The county has an extensive freeway network of legendary size and complexity, which is maintained by Caltrans and

    patrolled by the California Highway Patrol. It also has a vast urban and suburban street network, most of which is

    maintained by city governments. The county and most cities generally do a decent job of maintaining and cleaning

    streets. For more information about the primary exception, see the Transportation in Los Angeles article.

    Both the freeways and streets are notorious for severe traffic congestion, and the area's freeway-to-freeway

    interchanges regularly rank among the top 10 most congested points in the country.

    In addition to Metro Bus service, numerous cities within the county also operate their own bus companies and shuttle

    lines.

    Major highways

    Interstate 5

    Interstate 105

    Interstate 405

    Interstate 605

    Interstate 10

    Interstate 110

    Interstate 210

    Interstate 710

    State Route 18

    State Route 19

    State Route 22

    State Route 23

    State Route 27

    State Route 39

    State Route 47

    State Route 57

    State Route 90

    State Route 91

    State Route 103

    State Route 107

    State Route 110

    State Route 118

    State Route 126

    State Route 134

    Angeles County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County

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    U.S. Route 101

    State Route 1

    State Route 2

    State Route 14

    State Route 60

    State Route 66

    State Route 71

    State Route 72

    State Route 138

    State Route 170

    State Route 187

    State Route 210

    State Route 213

    Air

    Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), located in the Westchester district, is the primary commercial airport for

    commercial airlines in the county and the Greater Los Angeles Area. LAX is operated by Los Angeles World Airports,

    an agency of the City of Los Angeles. Other important commercial airports in Los Angeles County include:

    Long Beach Municipal Airport operated by the City of Long BeachBob Hope Airport in Burbank, operated by the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport AuthorityLA/Palmdale Regional Airport in Palmdale, also operated by Los Angeles World Airports. Palmdale Airport isplanned for expanded commercial service to serve the Antelope Valley. The airport is a separate facility on thegrounds of Air Force Plant 42.

    The following general aviation airports also are located in Los Angeles County:

    County operated airports (Department of Public Works, Aviation Division)

    Compton/Woodley Airport in ComptonEl Monte Airport in El MonteBrackett Field in La VerneWhiteman Airport in PacoimaGeneral William J. Fox Airfield in Lancaster

    City operated airports

    Van Nuys Airport in Van Nuys, also operated by LAWA. Van Nuys Airport sees significant executive jet airtraffic.Santa Monica Airport in Santa Monica, which also has major executive jet traffic.Hawthorne Municipal Airport, also known as Jack Northrop Field, in HawthorneZamperini Field in Torrance

    The U.S. Air Force also has two airports in Los Angeles County:

    Portions of Edwards Air Force Base, located at the northern edge of the county, andAir Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, sharing runways with LA/Palmdale Regional.

    Train

    Los Angeles is a major freight railroad transportation center, largely due to the large volumes of freight moving in and

    out of the county's port facilities. The ports are connected to the downtown rail yards and to the main lines of Union

    Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe headed east via a grade-separated, freight rail corridor known as the

    Alameda Corridor.

    Passenger rail service is provided in the county by Amtrak, Los Angeles Metro Rail and Metrolink.

    Amtrak has the following intercity Amtrak service at Union Station in the city of Los Angeles.

    The Pacific Surflinerto Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, and San Diego.The Coast Starlightto SeattleThe Southwest Chiefto ChicagoThe Sunset Limitedto New Orleans and Orlando

    Union Station is also the primary hub for Metrolink commuter rail, which serves much of the Greater Los Angeles

    Area.

    Angeles County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County

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    Historical populations

    Census Pop. %

    1850 3,530

    1860 11,333 221.0%

    1870 15,309 35.1%

    1880 33,381 118.0%

    1890 101,454 203.9%

    1900 170,298 67.9%

    1910 504,131 196.0%

    1920 936,455 85.8%

    1930 2,208,492 135.8%

    1940 2,785,643 26.1%1950 4,151,687 49.0%

    1960 6,038,771 45.5%

    1970 7,041,980 16.6%

    1980 7,477,421 6.2%

    Light rail, subway (heavy rail), and long-distance bus service are all provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan

    Transportation Authority (Metro).

    Sea

    The county's two main seaports are the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach. Together they handle over a

    quarter of all container traffic entering the United States, making the complex the largest and most important port in

    the country, and the third-largest port in the world by shipping volume.

    The Port of Los Angeles is the largest cruise ship center on the West Coast, handling more than 1 million passengers

    annually.

    The Port of Long Beach is home to the Sea Launch program, which uses a floating launch platform to insert payloads

    into orbits that would be difficult to attain from existing land-based launch sites.

    Ferries link the Catalina Island city of Avalon to the mainland.

    Economy

    See also: Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce

    Los Angeles County is commonly associated with the entertainment industry; all six major film studiosParamount

    Pictures, 20th Century Fox, Sony, Warner Bros., Universal Pictures, and Walt Disney Studiosare located within the

    county. Beyond motion picture and television program production, other major industries of Los Angeles County are

    international trade supported by the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach, music recording and production,

    aerospace, and professional services such as law and medicine.

    The following major companies have headquarters in Los Angeles County:

    Cerritos

    CareMoreIsuzu Motors AmericaMemorexRazorUSA

    La MiradaMakita

    Monrovia

    Trader Joe'sPalmdale

    Delta ScientificSanta Clarita

    Princess Cruise LinesHonda Racing

    Torrance

    American Honda Motor Co.Toyota Motor Sales U.S.A. Inc.

    Westlake Village

    Dole Food Company[10]

    Unincorporated areas

    ICANN (Marina del Rey)

    Demographics

    2010

    The 2010 United States Census reported that Los Angeles County had a population of

    9,818,605. The racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 (50.3%) White,

    856,874 (8.7%) African American,...

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