Looking at works of Art (paintings)

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Looking at works of Art (paintings). 4 guidelines that may help us look at art in an analytical way. 4 guidelines . Subject and Symbolism Technique and Technology Space, Light and Colour Historical Context Philosophical cultural social economic. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Looking at works of Art (paintings)4 guidelines that may help us look at art in an analytical way</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>4 guidelines Subject and SymbolismTechnique and TechnologySpace, Light and ColourHistorical Context Philosophical cultural social economic</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>MasterpiecesThe miracle of the loaves and fishes Basilica San Apolinare NuovoRavennaA.D. 520The Wilton Diptych National GalleryLondonc. 1400</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>The Betrothal of the Arnolfini Jan Van Eyck 1434National Gallery, London</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>The Last SupperLeonardo Da Vinci Dining hall at Santa Maria delle GrazieMilan1498</p><p>The birth of VenusBotticelli Sandro1485</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Sketch for Composition IV Kandinsky Tate GalleryLondonThe Gare St. Lazare in ParisMonet 1877Musee D OrsayParis</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Subject and SymbolismMost of the paintings or sculptures have a specific subject, each with a meaningful message and symbol.In symbolic representations, objects dont just represent themselves but concepts of much deeper and abstract meaning In the pre-modern period artists assumed that the viewers were familiar with the specific subject represented.In the modern period sometimes colour, forms and the composition became the subject. </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Subject and Symbolism Pope Gregory the Great (end A.D. 6th century) , believed that pictures were useful because they helped remind the congregation of the teachings they had received (painting for the illiterate).</p><p>In Botticellis painting the subject is Venus. The commissioner needed a painting symbolising love and fertility because he had just got married.</p><p>Leonardos is a religious subject commissioned by a religious order. The monks wanted this mural (wall painting) to remind them about one of the most sacred moments of Christianity.</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Subject and SymbolismIn Monets painting the train is not the main subject. In fact pictorially speaking its part of the scene.</p><p>However, in the artists eyes and his contemporaries it still represented progress.</p><p>In Kandinskys painting the colour and composition are the main subjects.</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Technique and Technology </p><p> Understanding the differences between artistic mediums, skills involved in the production and being aware of technological innovations may help us understand the differences in aesthetic values.</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Technique and TechnologyVan Eyck substituted the egg-based liquid with an oil-based one which permitted him to blend colours subtly and apply layers upon layers of paint.</p><p>Renaissance architects studied arch-making technology to depart from the elongated forms of the Gothic period. </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Space, Light and ColourWorks of art has its own illusion of space and light; in some works it remains 2- dimensional but in some others the artist creates a 3-dimensional space on a flat one</p><p>In the Renaissance, space and light became fundamental whereas in the Medieval and Modern period 3-dimentionality was not essential. </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Space, Light and Colour 5th century mosaics had a clear didactic function so the scene was made as simple as possible.</p><p>The predominant brilliant blue and gold background in gothic paintings give a precious and heavenly quality.</p><p>In Leonardos was as if another hall was added to the real monastery hall because the physical world became important. </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Historical Context Every historical period develops a recognizable style which was determined by philosophical, cultural, social and economic factors of that time.</p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Philosophical Plato believed that artists should only represent the Ideal form, because those are the true forms.</p><p>Aristotle attributed the origin of art to the human affinity for imitation. He concluded that it is natural for humans to "delight in works of imitation.</p><p>Medieval artists (craftsmen) believed that art should represent the other world and should serve a didactic purpose. </p><p>Renaissance artists combined humanism and secularism with Christian theology.</p><p>Modern artists believed in the subjective reality of the artist. </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>Social Greek and Medieval artists had the status of craftsmen.</p><p>In North Italy, there was a new form of political and social organisation: Italy had already exited from Feudalism and was anti-monarchical. E.g. Florence. The artists social status grew and their work was no longer considered as merely a manual activity. </p><p>Modern artists acquired the prestigious status of free intellectuals who provided artefacts or performances that made the viewer grow </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li><li><p>EconomyIn the Medieval period the main political/economic system allover Europe was Feudalism. </p><p>In the Renaissance the economy was based on merchants, commerce and capitalism.</p><p>In the Modern period the economic systems alternated between capitalism, which favoured a liberal and private system, and socialism, which favoured socially conscious art and state support for the arts. </p><p>Mr. Samuel Stellini SOK 2010</p></li></ul>