Longboat Yesterday,Today , Tomorrow 1984

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$4.95 IncludiQg t. rm n --LONGBOAT Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow Including St. Armands & Lido First Edition Lindsay Curtis Publishing Company Sarasota, Florida YESTERDAY Key Was A Vacation Spot To Prehlstoric Indians So much of Longboat Key's population and archi-tecture is so recent, that there is a notion civiliza-tion on the Key is a 20th-century item. In actuality, there was a people here, probably several thousand years ago: an Indian society which left behind

Text of Longboat Yesterday,Today , Tomorrow 1984

$4.95 IncludiQgt.rmn --LONGBOAT Yesterday, Today &Tomorrow Including St.Armands &Lido First Edition Lindsay Curtis Publishing Company Sarasota, Florida YESTERDAY Key Was AVacation Spot ToPrehlstoric Indians So much of Longboat Key's population and archi-tecture is so recent,that there is anotion civiliza-tion on the Key is a20th-century item. In actuality, there was apeople here, probably several thousand years ago:an Indian society whichleftbehindno written,pictorialorarchitecturalhistory,and whose Spanish-given names cannot even be found in most dictionaries today. Exceptforextinctprehistoriccreatures,these Indianswerethefirsttoinhabitandenjoythe luxury of life on Longboat Key. Their remains,for themostpart,havebeenlost,groundawayor under,bytime and the 20th-century development of the Sarasota and Bradenton areas.What pieces of their life here that havebeen saved - privately and in museums across the country - paint apic-ture which is opentomuch question and verifica-tion. WhatisknownisthattheearliestIndiansof Florida and Longboat Key vanished fromthe face of the earth, sometime between 1600 and the mid-1800s.Europeanexplorersbroughtwiththem disease,weapons and fiercedogs,adesireforthe goldwhichhadbeenrumoredandazealto Christianize others. The first Longboaters just did not survive. TbeAlaska ConnecUon Asrecentlyas1946,inhisauthoritativebook "The Story of Sarasota," Karl H . Grismer present-edthreetheoriesastowheretheIndianscame from.HesuggestedthateithertheIndians migratedherefromMexicoto escapetheAztecs. they came fromthe West Indies or they were orig-inally from Siberia, by way of the Aleutian Islands andAlaska,finallylandinginFloridaaftercen-turies of wandering. But 30 years later, theory has become fact.John McCarthy, Sarasota County historian,and history professorCharltonW.Tebeau,inhis1971book. "A History of Florida, "agree:The Indians were a partofthegreatmigrationfromNortheastern Asia, across the land bridge from Siberia to Alaska. whentheoceanswerelower.TheIndians wanderedthecontinentforthousandsofyears. Tebeausaysthattheearliestmigrationsinto Floridaoccurredsome10,000yearsago,when extinct prehistoric creatures still lived here. ShellmoundssuchasthisonedotSarasotaandneighboringkeysandserveasremindersof theIndianswhoinhabitedthearea.AburialmoundexcavatedonLongboatKeycontained one7-foot-long skeleton andonewhichwasnearly8feetlong.Kitchenmiddens,ormounds, containrefusefromtheIndians'dietofclams,oysters,conches andothershellfish. Bay Isles B.C. In1979,MarionM.AlmyandGeorgeM.Luer publishedanarticleintheJuneFloridaAnthro pologist titled "Three Aborlginal Shell Middens on LongboatKey,Florida:ManasotaPeriodSitesof Barrier Island Exploitation."The article describes threeshellmiddens,orrefusemounds,found during the dredging and development of Bay Isles ontheKeyduringthelate1970s.Shellsand pottery fragments led the authors to conclude that mostoftheremainsdatedfromtheManasota Period, from about 500 BC.to 800 A.D.However, the authors also said that some may be from1,000 B.C. In addition, the article says, "The smaller size and barrier island location of these sites in compar-ison with larger mainland sites probably reflects a less intense occupation of the Longboat Key sites." Mrs. Almy and Luer also report that human bone fragments were found at one of the Bay Isles sites andthatfoodremainsincludedtwotigerverte-brae,hanunerheadsharkvertebrae,grouper bones, bird bones and deer bones. Shells of most of the specles of edible mollusks found in the shallow waters of the area were found at all three sites. Evidenceledthewriterstoconcludethatthe Longboat Indians' economy was based on fishing, hunting and shellfish gathering. Evidence of tools madefromshellswasdiscoveredandother evidenceindicatesthatburialpracticesinvolved cemeteries or burial in middens, often without arti-facts to take to the next life. It is theorized that the Indians vacationed on the Keyintermittentlyorseasonallybecauseofthe distancetothemainlandvillages.Theycameby Since1946_ .. GordonAdams Supplyingtheneedsofthe retail and commercial communityof Sarasota Sarasota 355-2388365-1171 Venice 488-2123 8 canoe to explore for food and resources, collecting shellfishwhichtheyshuckedandate,leaving behind piles of shells. They also ate fish,deer and other animalswhichwerehunted andbaggedon theKey.Becausethebonesofgreenseaturtles were found nearby, the authors suggest that in the summertheIndiansatethemforvarietyFresh watertoswigwiththefeastswasfoundinthe interiorofsouthernLongboatKey,inlowlands between beach ridges LlnklngCuJts Startingaround500AD,Tebeausaysthere began acultural sameness along the Gulfcoastal plain from Charlotte Harbor to New Orleans, with commonlyheldreligiousbeliefsastheunifying factor,andtheinfluence oftheIndiansfromthe lower Mississippi Valley was eVIdent . The dJ.fferent tribesprobablygotalong,McCarthysuggests, because there was ample foodand thus no reason to war. Longboat InTwo Terrttortes? But which tribe might have resided on Longboat Key remains amystery. Tebeau maps the probable territories ofSlXtribesinFlorida in1500,with a total population of 25,000. They are the Apalachee, the TimuCSUl,the Ais , the Calusa, the Tequesta and the Jeaga. The line between the Timucan territory and the Calusa is drawn somewhere in the vicinity of Sarasota Bay, with the Timucans headquartered onTampaBayandstretchingnortheastfrom there,andtheCalusacenteredaroundCharlotte Harbor,heading south along the coast.McCarthy says evidence to date still doesnot indicate which tribe might have lived on our island. The Last Stands Inhis1942book,"TheMangroveCoast,"Karl Bickel, who was well-known to Longboaters of that time,wrotethataftertheSpaniardscametothe area in the early 1500s, the Timucans seem to have withdrawn fromSarasota and Tampa northward. By 1612, Bickel says, when Spanish Lt. Rodriguez de Cartayo visited, all the Tampa and Sarasota bay areas were Calusa territory, with the headquarters still at Charlotte Harbor. McCarthybelievesthatdiseasewipedoutthe Indians around 1600.Bickel reports that aplague of chicken pox swept over the whole Gulf country inthelate-1600sandthattheIndianswereas helpless as they had been against smallpox. Bickel furtherstatesthatin1763,whentheSpanish temporarily ceded Florida tothe British,many of the Calusa emigrated to Cuba and therest hid in thecountrysouthandeastofFortMyers_Also accordingtoBickel,Calusa havebeenimplicated with the Seminoles in atrading-post attack in Fort Myersin1839 and in amassacre at aplantation there in 1840. TebeausaysthatthelastoftheIndians,then nUIJlberinJ;l:lessthan200,leftFloridawiththe Spanish in1763_ Says Bickel,"In the smoke and flamesofthe (massacred) plantation,the Calusas slipfromthepagesofhistory.Today,unless perhapsintheveinsofsomevagrantSeminole, there is not adrop of Calusa or Timucan blood in all Florida_" DeSotoAtLongboat Much has been Written about Hernando de Soto's famedexplorationofourarea101539.Less has been said of De Soto, the man. Karl Grismer, in "TheStoryofSarasota,"doesnotmincewords: "DeSoto'srecordliterallydripswithIndian blood." That is, of course, one opinion. AnaseoWas Here FIrst ThereisastreetonthenorthendoftheKey calledJuanAnascoDrive.AnascowasDeSoto's comptroller and chief scout. He was sent to explore theGulfCoastforhisboss10thefallof1538 Anascospentatleasttwomonthsinand around Tampa Bay and was probably the first European to exploretheupperwatersofSarasotaBay,the Manatee Ri ver and Boca Ciega Bay. Some saythat Anasco waswrecked somewhere upon the keys and while repairs werE'being made, the scouting party lived off the pelicans, gulls and fishthey caught.Parts of awrecked vessel found by Longboat resident Gordon Whitney in 1941 may beproofthatAnascoandhismenfoundshelter hereontheKey.Thematerialwasdatedbythe American Museum of Natural History in New York asbeing"notlessthan200yearsold,but400 yearsismorenearlycorrect."Thepartsare generallybelievedtobelongto aship inAnasco's expeditionAnasco's,andperhapsothers',prior explorationsmayhavesomethingtodowiththe fearofthelocalIndians whenDeSoto's fleetwas sighted the next year Smoke Signals Along TheCoast As that fleet cruised north along the Gulf Coast, oneweekoutofHavana,columnsofsmokerose fromIndianfiresup anddowntheshore.Indian fish10gcanoesmarkedthefleet'sprogressand sent warnings to their northern neighbors. Off the shore of Longboat,De Soto's pilots were unable to find the port previously chosen by Anas co.DeSotoloweredapinnace,asmallboat,took Anasco andhisheadpilotwithhimandmadefor thebeach,reportsKarlBickel10"The Mangrove Coast."They came ashoreDe Sotoforthe first llmeonNorthAmericansoil- approximately wheretheLongboatArmsstandstoday.Hadthe condominium been in eXlstencethen,De Soto and his men might have rented asuite for the night . Finding no fresh water at the Longboat landing spot,DeSoto andhistwomen sailedthepinnace north and most likely crossed to the inside channel atthenorthend,proceedingintoTampaBay through the Upper Sarasota Bay.Unable to return tothefleetbecauseofdarkness,thethreemen spentthenightatPalmaSolaPoint,inajust deserted Indian camp. The next day De Sotoledthe fleettoward Shaw Point,andbyMay30thebulkofthefleetwas anchoredthere.Allofthesoldiersandanimals werelefttomarchfromthereandthelightened shipsturnedtothenortheast,edgingtowardthe Indian encampment of Ucita De Soto had spied on Terra CeiaIsland.The next day,DeSotoandhis mentookpossessionofthealso-desertedcamp. Joined by the rest of the men, who walked overland inlessthan48hours,theexpeditionrestedat Ucita for almost six weeks. Some say that much of thevillagewasdestroyedbeforetheexplorers departed. TomMayersofLand'sEndfoundthis anchorwhiledivinginLongboatPassabout tenyearsago.Authoritiesaren'tsurewhat typeofshipitcamefrom,butitcouldvery wellbefromJuanAnasco'sscoutship. (LK HS) Exceptional Properties and Peopk Michael Saunders & COmpany Licen. ed ~ a lEtate Broker 9 St. Armonds Circle 388-444 7 Longboat Key 383-5521 o TAMPA[.JLO