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  • REPORT

    Liwa Plastic Industries Complex

    Cumulative Impact Assessment

    Report

    Cumulative Impact Assessment Report

    Client: Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Co.

    Reference: IEMCIA002D02

    Revision: 02/Final

    Date: 29 April 2016

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 ii

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 i

    HASKONINGDHV UK LTD.

    Office 2-D1 2nd Floor

    next to Zakher Mall

    Coral Building

    Al Khuwair Muscat

    Oman

    Industry & Buildings

    VAT registration number: 792428892

    +968 2448 4373

    +968 2448 3365

    royalhaskoningdhv.com

    T

    F

    W

    Document title: Liwa Plastic Industries Complex Cumulative Impact Assessment Report

    Document short title: LPIC CIA Report

    Reference: IEMCIA002D02

    Revision: 02/Final

    Date: 29 April 2016

    Project name: ORPIC LPIC

    Project number: PB4245

    Author(s): Peter Thornton

    Drafted by:

    P Thornton, J Drabble, T McNaughton,

    D Banner Perry, L Jolley, J Parsons, N

    Fry, A Irving & P Williamson

    Checked by: Charles Haine

    Date / initials: 29/04/2016

    Approved by: Charles Haine/Orpic

    Date / initials: 29/04/2016

    Classification

    Confidential

    Disclaimer

    No part of these specifications/printed matter may be reproduced and/or published by print, photocopy, microfilm or by

    any other means, without the prior written permission of HaskoningDHV UK Ltd.; nor may they be used, without such

    permission, for any purposes other than that for which they were produced. HaskoningDHV UK Ltd. accepts no

    responsibility or liability for these specifications/printed matter to any party other than the persons by whom it was

    commissioned and as concluded under that Appointment. The quality management system of HaskoningDHV UK Ltd.

    has been certified in accordance with ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001.

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 ii

    Table of Contents

    1 Introduction and Approach 1

    1.1 The LPIC Project 1

    1.2 LPIC Project Components 2

    1.3 Cumulative Impact Assessment 3

    1.4 The CIA Methodology 4

    2 Scoping Phase I 13

    2.1 Introduction 13

    2.2 Valued Environmental and Social Components 13

    2.3 Spatial Boundaries of the CIA 15

    2.4 The Temporal Extent of the CIA 20

    3 Scoping Phase II 21

    3.1 Introduction 21

    3.2 Longlist of Other Projects 21

    3.3 Screening of Longlisted Projects 26

    4 Baseline Status 30

    4.1 Introduction 30

    4.2 Baseline Environment for the VECs 30

    4.3 Sensitivity and Value of the VECs 66

    5 Cumulative Impacts 68

    5.1 Introduction 68

    5.2 Cumulative Impact Magnitude 68

    5.3 Identification of Insufficiencies and Assumptions 95

    5.4 Summary of Impact Magnitude on VECs 97

    6 Significance of the Cumulative Impacts 103

    6.1 Introduction 103

    6.2 Significance of the Cumulative Impacts 103

    6.3 Thresholds of Significance 109

    7 Management of Potentially Significant Cumulative Impacts 114

    7.1 Introduction 114

    7.2 Recommended Measures 114

    7.3 Residual Cumulative Impacts 119

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 iii

    8 Conclusions and Recommendations 120

    8.1 Significant Cumulative Impacts 120

    8.2 Recommendations for Further Work / Monitoring 120

    9 References 121

    Table of Tables

    Table 1 Guide for Classification of Sensitivity

    Table 2 Guide for Classification of Magnitude

    Table 3 Probability Scale

    Table 4 Matrix for Assessing Impact Significance

    Table 5 Generic Description of Significance Ratings

    Table 6 List of Receptors Impacted or Potentially Impacted by the LPIC Project

    Table 7 ZOI for the Identified Receptors

    Table 8 Other Projects Distance and Overlaps

    Table 9 Other Projects and Screening of VECs / Receptors for Consideration in the

    Cumulative Impact Assessment

    Table 10 Screening of Other Projects for Consideration in the Cumulative Impact

    Assessment based on Potential Impacts (Table 8) and ZOIs

    Table 11 Summary of Baseline Environment as Identified in the Orpic LPIC EIAs and

    Supplementary SIA

    Table 12 Groundwater quality sampled in 1994 and 1995 (Source: WS Atkins, 1999)

    Table 13 National Parks, Nature Reserves and Specially Important Areas of Oman

    (MECA, 2014)

    Table 14 Data on Supplementary Income in Oman (Orpic Household Survey, Feb 2016)

    Table 15 Oman Sewage Treatment Plants Properties (Baawain and Al-Omairi, 2013)

    Table 16 2015 Existing Port Traffic

    Table 17 Monitoring Data from Campaign 1 of the HMR Baseline Air Quality Survey

    Table 18 Monitoring Data from Campaign 2 of the HMR Baseline Air Quality Survey

    Table 19 Monitoring Data from Campaign 3 of the HMR Baseline Air Quality Survey

    Table 20 Monitoring Data Obtained from the SEU Environmental Monitoring Stations in

    the Vicinity of SIPA (in g/m)

    Table 21 Summary of Baseline Noise Measurements in the Sohar Region

    Table 22 Receptor Group Sensitivity and Value

    Table 23 2017 Cumulative Development Construction Traffic in movements

    Table 24 2017 Cumulative Development and ORPIC Construction Traffic

    Table 25 Magnitude of Impact Thresholds

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 iv

    Table 26 Available Data on Other Projects

    Table 27 Magnitude, Duration and Probability of Cumulative Impacts

    Table of Figures

    Figure 1 Overview of LPIC Project (pipeline RoW in red)

    Figure 2 ZOI in Sohar Area and Other Projects

    Figure 3 ZOI across LPIC Project

    Figure 4 Ephemeral Streambed (Wadis)

    Figure 5 Population Growth Rate for Oman (2006 2014) (Source: World Development Indicators, 2016)

    Figure 6 Oman Desalination Production (1976 -2011)(MWR, 2014)

    Figure 7 Electric Power Consumption (kWh per capita) (World Development Indicators, 2016)

    Figure 8 Daily Traffic Profile on the Batinah Highway (Source: Figure 3 of Environmental Impact Assessment of traffic in Sohar, Oman, published in the International Journal of Science & Engineering Research, Volume 6, Issue 7, dated July 2015)

    Figure 9 Wind Rose of 2015 Meteorological Data from the Sohar Recording Station

    Figure 10 Oman Annual CO2 Emissions between 1981 2010 (Source, World Bank 2016)

    Figure 11 Monthly average wind speed over the year for Oman

    Appendices

    Appendix A Summary Impact Tables for Relevant (Scoped In) Other Projects

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 v

    Glossary

    Abbreviation Description

    BVS Block Valve Station

    CO Carbon monoxide

    CO2 Carbon dioxide

    CIA Cumulative Impact Assessment

    CPP Central Processing Plant

    dB Decibels

    DGEA Directorate General of Environmental Affairs

    EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

    ESIA Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

    FCS Fahud Compressor Station

    FZS Freezone Sohar

    GGP Government Gas Plant

    GHG Greenhouse Gas

    GW Gigawatt

    HDPE High-Density Polyethylene

    HGV Heavy Goods Vehicle

    IEEM Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management

    IFC International Finance Corporation

    IPP Independent Power Project

    IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature

    IWP Independent Water Project

    KPI Key Performance Indicators

    Leq Time Averaged Equivalent

    LIWA Liwa Plastics Industries Complex

    LLDPE Linear Low-Density Polyethylene

    MECA Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs

    mg/l Milligrams per litre

    MHC Ministry of Heritage and Culture

    MISC Majis Industrial Services Company

    MoE Ministry of Education

    MRMEWR Ministry of Regional Municipalities, Environment & Water Resources

    MTBE Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether

    MW Megawatt

    NBSAP Omani National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

    NGL Natural Gas Liquids

    NGLE Natural Gas Liquid Extraction

    NO Nitrogen oxide

    NO2 Nitrogen dioxide

  • C o n f i d e n t i a l

    29 April 2016 LPIC CIA REPORT IEMCIA002D02 vi

    Abbreviation Description

    NOx Nitrogen oxides, a mix in air of various oxides of nitrogen, mainly NO2 and NO

    O3 Ozone

    OETC Oman Electricity Transmission Company

    OGC Oman Gas Company

    OPWP Oman Power and Water Procurement

    Orpic Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company

    OSC Oman Sugar Company

    PDO Petroleum Development Oman

    PGHYD Pygas Hydrotreater Unit

    PM10 Particulate matter of mean aerodynamic diameter less than 10 micrometres

    PP Petrochemical Plant

    ppm parts per million (a pollutant concentration by volume)

    RD Royal Decree

    ROP Royal Oman Police

    ROW Right of Way

    RTC Road Traffic Collision

    SCU Steam Cracker Unit

    SEU Sohar Environmental Unit

    SFCC Sohar Food Cluster Company

    SIA Social Impact Assessment

    SIPA Sohar Industrial Port Area

    SO2 Sulphur dioxide

    STP Sewage Treatment Plant

    TDS Total Dissolved Solids

    UAE United Arab Emirates

    UeR Umm er Radhuma

    ug/m3 Microgram per metre cubed

    USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency

    VE