LIVESTCOK INDUSTRY SMALL SCALE LARGE SCALE. BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRY DRAFT ANIMAL BEEF PRODUCT : FRESH MEET, PRESERVE /PROCESSING MEAT (DENDENG, ABON, COORNET

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  • LIVESTCOK INDUSTRYSMALL SCALELARGE SCALE

  • BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRYDRAFT ANIMALBEEF PRODUCT : FRESH MEET, PRESERVE /PROCESSING MEAT (DENDENG, ABON, COORNET BEEF, NUGGET, MEAT BALL ETC)BY PRODUCT: SKIN, BONE, BLOODWASTE PRODUCT: FAECES (ORGANIC FERTILIZER)

  • CLASSIFICATION OF BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRYCOW CALF : 6-10 months (BW: 180-292,5 kg)STOCKER-YEARLING: + 1 year (292.5 382.5 kg)FEEDLOT: > 1 YEAR (405-585 kg)

  • BEEF INDUSTRY in INDONESIAFATTENING: 2-3 year for 100 days rearing.Fattening System: by given extra feeding/kereman & castration (steer).

  • Angus American White Park Brahman Brangus

  • MEAT PRODUCTION

  • DAIRY CATTLE INDUSTRYCLASSIFICATION OF DAIRY CATTLE:BULLDAMHEIFEERCOW CALF

  • PERFORMANCE INDICATOR OF BEEF INDUSTRYBODY WEIGHT (BW): KGLIVE WEIGH GAIN (LWG0: G/HD/D)% HOT CARCASS% COLD CARCASSFEED CONSUMPTION (KG/HD/D)FEED CONVERTIONFEED EFFICIENCY

  • PERFORMANCE INDICATOR OF DAIRY INDUSTRYBODY WEIGHT (BW): KGMILK PRODUCTION (L/HD/D)MILK QUALITY (SNF, FAT, PROTEIN, LACTOSE, NO MASTITIS)FEED CONSUMPTION (KG/HD/D)FEED CONVERTIONFEED EFFICIENCY

  • WHAT IS MILK ?MILK IS A COMPLEX NUTRITIOUS PRODUCTS THAT CONTAINS MORE THAN 100 SUBSTANCES THAT ARE EITHER SOLUTION, SUSPENSION OR EMULTION IN WATER

  • MILK COMPOSITIONCASEIN : THE MAYOR PROTEIN OF MILK , ITS A COLLOIDAL SUSPENSION FORM.

    THE FAT & FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS IN THE MILK ARE IN THE FORM OF AN EMULSION, THAT IS SUSPENSION OF SMALL LIQUID GLOBULES THAT DO NOT MIX WITH THE WATER IN MILK.

    LACTOSE (MILK SUGAR) SOME PROTEIN (WHEY PROTEIN), MINERAL SALTS AND OTHER SUBSTANCES ARE SOLUBLE, THAT IS, THEY ARE ENTIRELY DISSOLVED IN THE WATER IN MILK.

  • COMPOSITION OF MILK FROM DIFFERENT SPECIES (AMOUNT PER 100 G)

    NUTRIENTCOWBUFFALOHUMANWater, g88.084.087.5Energy, kcal61.097.070.0Protein, g3.23.71.0Fat, g3.46.94.4Lactose, g4.75.26.9Mineral, g0.720.790.20

  • FACTORS AFFECTING MILK COMPOSITIONSBREED OF COWGENETICSTAGE OF LACTATIONFEED INTAKE & QUALITY

  • MINERAL & VITAMIN CONCENTRATION IN MILK

    MINERALmg/100 mlVITAMINmg/100 mlPotassium138Vit.A30.0Calcium125Vit.D0.06Chloride103Vit.E88.0Phosphorus96Vit.K17.0Sodium58VitB137.0Sulfur30Vit.B2180.0Magnesium12Vit.B6Vit.B1246.00.42Trace minerals