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Literature Terms

Literature Terms. Plot The order of events in the story

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Page 1: Literature Terms. Plot The order of events in the story

Literature Terms

Page 2: Literature Terms. Plot The order of events in the story

Plot

The order of events in the story.

Page 3: Literature Terms. Plot The order of events in the story

Protagonist

The main character in a story who struggles with the main conflict.

The protagonist, Harry, struggles with many things in the book Harry Potter.

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AntagonistThe person or thing causing the conflict for the protagonist.

The Wicked Witch of the West is the antagonist in the Wizard of Oz.

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Conflict

The problem in a story.

One of the major conflict in the move Star Wars is Luke’s father turning into Darth Vader.

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Man vs. man

• The type of conflict where another character is causing the conflict for the protagonist.

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Man vs. Self

• The type of conflict where the protagonist is faced with a problem within himself.

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Man vs. Nature

• Type of conflict where the protagonist struggles to survive a natural environment.

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Man vs. Society

• The type of conflict where the protagonist must overcome unfairness in society.

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Theme

• The underlying message in a story. It must be in a complete sentence.

FriendshipSurvival

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Setting

• The time and place of a story.

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Tone

• The author’s attitude toward a character in the story. (Think of tone of voice)

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Mood

• The overall feeling of a story.(feelings)

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Foreshadowing

• Clues the author gives you to tell you what will happen in the story.

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Flashback

• The setting of a story changes to an earlier time.

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Symbolism

• When an object or picture represents something else.

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Irony• When what happens is different

from what is expected. (A thief is robbed, or a teacher is afraid of children)

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Narrator

• Person telling the story.

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Point of view

• The view of who is telling the story.

• 3 types- 1st person, 3rd person, and 3rd person omniscient.

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3 types of point of view• 1st

person- the voice telling the story is a character in the story.

• 3rd person- The voice telling the story is not part of the story.

• 3rd person omniscient- The voice telling the story is not part of the story but can tell the reader inner thoughts and feelings of the main character.

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Dialogue

• Two or more people speaking together.

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Figurative Language

• Language that is not meant to be interpreted literally.

• Ex. You are driving me up a wall.

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Imagery

• Language that appeals to the five senses.

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Simile

• Ex. It is as hot as an oven in here.

• A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”.

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Metaphor

• A comparison of two unlike things by saying one is the other.• The Grinch’s heart was a lump of coal.

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Personification

Human characteristics are given to animals or objects.

Ex. The leaves were dancing across the ground

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Onomatopoeia

Words that sound like their meaning.

Ex)Zip, zoom, boom.

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AlliterationThe repetition of consonant sounds