Cooperative Extension Service
2601 Business 127 N.
Albany, KY 42602-9813
Fax: (606) 387-4380
Inside This Issue:
Upcoming Meetings 1
Beekeeping Series 2
Opening Tip Farm Series 3
Understanding BVD virus 4-5
New Dicamba Products 6-7
Lasagna recipe 8
Upcoming Events in Agriculture:
Kentucky Cattleman’s Assoc. Mtg……….…..Jan 19-20th Lexington, KY
Kentucky Commodity Conference………...Jan 19th Bowling Green, KY
Twin Lakes Cattle Association Mtg…………………….Jan 24th Albany, KY
Opening Tip Farm Series Session 1……….......Jan 24th Burkesville, KY
Beef Quality Assurance Mtg…………………….…..…..Jan 26th Albany, KY
Pesticide Certification Mtg…………………..…………..Jan 30th Albany, KY
Opening Tip Farm Series Session 2……………….…...Jan 31st Albany, KY
National Cattleman’s Beef Assoc. Mtg…..…….Feb 2-4th Nashville, TN
Twin Lakes Beekeepers Assoc. Mtg……………...Feb 9th Burkesville, KY
National Farm Machinery Show……………….Feb 15-18th Louisville, KY
Opening Tip Farm Series Session 3……….…….Feb 21st Burkesville, KY
Opening Tip Farm Series Session 4……………..…...Feb 28th Albany, KY
Two Beef Quality Assurance meetings will be held on Thursday
at 1:00pm and 5:30pm at the Clinton County
Extension Office, producers approved for cost-share under the
large animal investment area are required to have a valid BQA
number. The BQA meeting will last approximately one hour, BQA
certification cost is $5 and valid for three years. More BQA
meetings will be planned for the winter, so there will be other
opportunities to get BQA certified. For more information or to enroll
in BQA training please call the Extension Office at 606-387-5404,
space is limited.
The Clinton County Extension Service will host a private pesticide
applicator meeting Monday January 30
at 1:00pm and 5:30pm at
the Extension Office. The meetings will cover information
necessary to obtain a private pesticide applicators license. The
private pesticide cards are valid for three years and are required to
purchase restricted use pesticides. Please call the Extension office
at 606-387-5404 for more information.
Hope this newsletter finds you
doing well. In this edition you will
find several opportunities to attend
some informational and educational
meetings throughout the remainder
of the winter. On page three is
information on a new/beginning
farmer program Chelsey Anderson
and I have put together to assist
producers in making farm
management decisions whether it
be exploring the possibility of a new
enterprise or learning more about
the economics of a current
enterprise. These sessions are open
to anyone regardless of farming
experience so feel free to attend
any or all that you have interest.
The meetings held here will be at
the Extension Office, which has
limited space so please call if you
plan to attend.
Clinton County Agriculture and Natural
Resources Newsletter Winter 17’
The Clinton and Cumberland County Extension Service Beekeeper
series started back in the fall, will continue into the winter months.
On February 9th 6pm CST at the Cumberland County Extension Office
KYFDWR Private Lands Biologist Chris Mason will discuss pollinator
habitats, and On March 9th 6pm CST at the Clinton County Extension
Office the topic will be Honey quality and Marketing Speaker (TBA).
Refreshments will be served at each session. Call the Clinton County
Office at (606) 387-5404 or the Cumberland County Office at (270) 433
-7700 to reserve your spot today.
The Clinton and Cumberland County Extension Offices are partnering to host a six session series for
producers either new to production agriculture or thinking about adding a new enterprise. Each session
will begin at 6:00pm and will rotate between the Clinton and Cumberland County Extension offices. The
first session in the series will focus on programs that are available to producers, either through loans,
grants, cost-share or technical assistance. Session two will focus on soils and soil fertility, and the
economics of using poultry litter as fertilize. The remaining four sessions will focus on economics of specific
enterprises. A full schedule is listed below, a meal will be served at each session. The sessions are open to
anyone regardless of production experience however, space is limited so please call to register for sessions.
Producers attending a minimum of 4 sessions will receive an item from the Kentucky Wood Utilization
center engraved with their farm name. All sessions qualify as CAIP cost-share educational sessions.
January 24th Cumberland Co.—Programs available for producers/landowners, Speakers will be
representatives from Farm Service Agency, Natural Resource Conservation Service, Kentucky Ag Finance
Corp., and a local bank.
January 31st Clinton Co.— Soils and soil fertility, fertilizer economics, and the value of using poultry
litter as fertilize. Speaker—UK Farm Management Specialist Jordan Shockley.
February 21st Cumberland Co.— Economics of vegetable production, and Beekeeping. Speakers—
Brett Wolff (Center for Crop Diversification) and Dr. Tammy Horn Potter Kentucky State Apiarist.
February 28th Clinton Co.— Beef Cow/calf and stocker/backgrounder economics, Speaker— UK
Livestock and Forage economic specialist, Kenny Burdine.
March 21st Cumberland Co.— Row crop and non-traditional crops, Speakers—UK specialists Greg
Halich, and David Williams.
March 28th Clinton Co.— Small Ruminants, Sheep and Goat production, Speaker— Kelly Yates.
Registration will be $30 for all 6
sessions or $8 for an individual
session, to cover materials and
meals. All sessions qualify as CAIP
cost-share educational meetings.
Understanding the BVD Virus
Michelle Arnold, DVM (Ruminant Extension Veterinarian, UKVDL)
Concern is mounting in KY regarding the identification and subsequent movement of cattle persistently infected
with the Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus (or “BVD-PI” animals) into livestock sales. The BVD virus is known to cause
severe immunosuppression and also works synergistically with other viruses to make them more deadly,
resulting in substantial respiratory disease and death loss in the stocker/backgrounder industry. What is largely
unrecognized is the effect of a BVD-PI calf on the cow/calf operation where it was born or raised. Infection can
cause reproductive disease (delayed breeding, abortions, malformed calves, PI calves), respiratory disease,
enteric (“gut”) disease and immunosuppression (destruction of the white blood cells needed to fight infection).
This article addresses some of the common myths surrounding this virus by explaining the nature of the virus, its
broad impact and the difficulty of controlling it through vaccination alone.
Myth #1: Since BVD is a virus, it does not last long in the environment and dies quickly when it freezes.
The BVD virus is a “single-stranded RNA virus” which is very stable under moist and cool or cold conditions. It is
not affected by freezing and can easily survive at least a week in the right environment. Its enemies are soap and
water and hot and dry conditions. It can only be spread short distances through large “droplets” (especially saliva
and nasal discharge) and cannot be spread by the wind.
Myth #2: As a backgrounder, if the calves make it past 30 days after arrival and I have two rounds of vaccine
in them, I am “home free”.
Not necessarily. The BVD virus can easily mutate or change while reproducing itself and has the ability to pick up
pieces of other viruses and stick them inside its own genetic material. This can lead to rapid change (mutation)
from a low virulence strain (not very “mean”) to a killer virus. If a PI animal remains in the pen, he continually
sheds BVD virus that can mutate. Infection with this newly formed strain may result in a respiratory break after
30 days and can cause significant sickness and death. After infection, it takes an average of 14 days to clear the
virus from a “transiently” infected calf but it may last up to 28 days or more.
Myth #3: PI calves are easy to identify because they are stunted, grow poorly and usually die young.
If it were only that easy! PI animals may have congenital defects or may appear completely normal. To illustrate,
the prize-winning bull in the 2000 Wisconsin State Fair was tested and found to be a PI. The “PI” animals are the
major reservoir for the virus and the reason BVD disease continues to exist. Given the importance of this issue, it
is essential to understand what a “PI” truly is and how one is found. The