Lifting Safely. Remember After all – Its your back!. Objectives . Learn how protect your back Learn how to lift Learn how to complete a variety of transfers. Its your back treat it kindly. Practice good posture Use good body mechanics Maintain physical fitness. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Lifting SafelyRememberAfter all Its your back!
Objectives Learn how protect your back
Learn how to lift
Learn how to complete a variety of transfersIts your back treat it kindly Practice good posture
Use good body mechanics
Maintain physical fitness
Posture is importantYour spine is strong and stable when you stand up straight.
If you slouch your muscles and ligaments must work harder. This can lead to fatigue, back pain, or leg pain. Body Mechanics Use good body mechanics when lifting.
Follow the seven principals of lifting all the time.
Seven Principles for Safe Lifting Keep your backs natural curve as much as possible.
When your spine is stacked it is strong.
Principal number 2 Keep your legs slightly apart for a good base of support.
When standing, keep one foot forward for better balance.
When lifting from the floor, keep your knees wide apart or go to a half kneeling position.
Principal number 3 Bend at your knees and hips- not your back.
Lift with your legs.
Principal number 4 Lift objects or people close to the trunk of your body heart to heart.
Principal number 5 Use your feet to turn- dont twist your back. Keep your entire trunk facing what you are lifting. Lead with your hips.
Principal number 6 Wear appropriate clothing:
flat-heeled, covered shoesclothes that allow movement but will not get caught.. Remove watches, bracelets, raised rings or anything that might scratch or pinch. Keep nails short and smooth
Principal number 7Keep breathing
Breath in and out thorough out the liftDo not hold your breathLets consider .LIFTINGThink before You LiftPlan your liftTalk it through Anticipate problemsArrange the environmentDo a test lift to be sure you can manage the liftCommunication is Important
Talk to the person you are assisting and explain the lift.Do not assume the person cannot understand.Use your words, voice, eyes, and touch to communicateEncourage IndependenceTry to find all the ways that people can help.Allow extra time for students to help themselves.Provide Physical SupportUse controlled movementsslow, smooth, segmented movementsUse good body mechanics.Make good contact and provide support toward the center of the body.Recommended Weight Guidelines for Lifting50 pounds or less one person lift51-100 pounds two person lift101 150 pounds three person lift or mechanical lift. Is Pooh ready to belifted ?
Lock the brakesRemove seatbelt Remove chest harnessRemoves footplates and armrests if needed.
Now hes ready !Moving through the liftMove so that you can use your feet to turn. DO NOT twist yourself or the person being lifted. Set the environment up in an L shape.
Head to foot transfer
Foot to head transferOne person liftSupport the head and neck.Support under the thighs but above the kneesSupport or cradle arms if necessary
Two person liftDecide who will be in charge.One person at the head and chest and one at the hips and legs.Communicate, know the cues you will use before you lift ie: 1-2-3 lift.
Taller person takes the upper body.
2nd person lifts hips and legs
Another example of a two person lift29
3 person lift
Hoyer or Mechanical liftThe sling travels with the student and stays in the wheelchair.Always requires 2 people.Never leave the student hanging or without close guarding.
Review -Causes of back injury
1.Poor Posture2. Excessive forward bending3. Decreased flexibility especially back and legs4. Poor physical condition5. Accidents6. Work habits Questions
Treat your back right After all Its Your Back