BE ATTENTIVE TO ATTENDANCE:
Webinar \\ Tuesday, February 26
1:00-2:15 pm EST
Leveraging Chronic Absenteeism Data
to Help Students Experiencing
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Education Leads Home: A National Campaign
Building Stronger Futures for Homeless Students
● Young children will participate in
quality early childhood programs at
the same rate as their housed peers
● High school students will reach a 90
percent graduation rate by 2030.
● Post-secondary students will reach a
60 percent post-secondary
attainment rate by 2034.
ICPH is a New York City-based policy research organization focused on family homelessness in New York City and
throughout the United States.
SchoolHouse Connection is a national organization working to overcome homelessness through education.
Civic is a public policy and strategy firm that helps corporations, nonprofits, foundations, universities, and governments
develop and spearhead innovative public policies to strengthen our communities and country.
AMERICA'S PROMISE ALLIANCE
APA is the nation’s largest partnership of its kind, bringing together hundreds of national nonprofits, businesses,
communities, educators, and ordinary citizens behind the idea of making the promise of America accessible to all young
Senior Research Associate, Poverty Solutions, University of
Senior Policy Analyst, Institute for Children, Poverty, &
Children in Transition High School Liaison, Washoe County
Program Coordinator, Washoe County School District
Program Manager, Education Leads Home - SchoolHouse
Agenda ● Overview of Chronic Absenteeism
and its Effects on Students
● National Chronic Absenteeism Data
● MI and NYC Case Studies
● Best Practices from Washoe County
● Policy Implications
Overview of Chronic Absenteeism
What is Chronic Absenteeism?
Students who miss 10 percent or more of days enrolled are defined as
chronically absent--including both excused and unexcused absences.
Why Does Chronic Absenteeism Matter?
● Less likely to meet grade level proficiency standards
● More likely to drop out of school
● Absences in early grades have lasting impact
How is Chronic Absenteeism a Warning Sign?
When students consistently miss school, it is often a sign of underlying
challenges and may signal a student is experiencing homelessness.
National Chronic Absenteeism Data
The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) released
student absenteeism rates from all 50 states for the 2015-16 school year. This
data from all public schools and school districts shows that almost 8 million
students were chronically absent from schools in 2015-16.
Michigan Case Study
How do we get people to care?
MI has sixth highest chronic absenteeism rate in the country.
Approximately 1 out of every 6 children in SY 2016-17.
Half of all students in MI are either low-income or
They account for 75% of all students chronically absent.
Homeless students have the highest chronic
Over 2.5 times the rate of housed peers and over 4 times the
rate of higher income peers.
Michigan Case Study
Even without attendance data linked to graduation outcome, a strong
case for meeting the needs of homeless students can be made.
Importance of Local Focus
● Chronic absenteeism is not inevitable for homeless students
○ By school district, chronic absenteeism ranged from a low
of 13% to a high of 86%.
● Critical to disaggregate the data
○ School districts where homeless students struggled with
attendance were not always the same districts where all
Bridging the Graduation Gap:
Why School Stability is Key for Homeless High School Students in
New York City
● Data from New York City Department of Education
● Shelter system in New York City is unique, but can provide
● Homeless students continue to graduate at lower rates than
● Homeless students were more likely to be chronically absent
● Students that did not transfer mid-year or experience chronic
absenteeism graduated at rates similar to their housed peers
What Percent of Students Were Homeless At
Some Point During High School?
● One in 10 graduates
during high school.
● One-third of homeless students
lived in a shelter at some point
during high school.
How do Graduation
● 77% of housed students and 56%
of homeless students graduated
● Only 45% of students who ever
lived in shelter graduated on
How Prevalent is Chronic Absenteeism Among
High School Students?
● Homeless students were much
more likely to be chronically
● 81% of homeless students who
were ever in shelter were
● 44% of homeless students who
were ever in shelter transferred
mid-year and were chronically
Categories are not mutually exclusive. Students who experienced both chronic absenteeism and a mid-year
transfer would be counted in all percentages except “No Instability Factors.”
How Are Students Distributed Across
• Homeless students were more than twice as likely as housed students to be both chronically absent
and transfer mid-year.
• Only half of housed students experienced any instability factor, while 71% of homeless students
experienced at least one instability factor.
How Do School Instability Factors Affect
● Homeless students with no
instability factors graduated
well above the overall citywide
and housed graduation rates
● Only 54% of chronically absent
homeless students and less
than one quarter of homeless
students that experienced
both mid-year transfers and
graduated on time.
Best Practices from Washoe County 17
Using Data on Chronic Absenteeism to
Improve Outcomes for Students Living in
Tori Vohland Homeless Liaison, Children in Transition
Brittney Kucera Children in Transition Program Coordinator
What we will be covering…
● Poverty and Unaffordable Housing Data (Nevada and WCSD Statistics)
● Children in Transition (CIT) Program (McKinney Vento Program with WCSD)
● Chronic Absenteeism and applying data to track chronically absent CIT students
● Data Warehouse: Business Intelligence Gateway
● Real-time tracking amongst our Children in Transition population
● Tracking services given and how they may influence student outcomes
A Picture of Homelessness in Nevada
in the nation
There are currently 23,790
homelessness in Nevada
Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
Children Living in Poverty Face Many Obstacles
1 out of 5 children in Nevada
are living in poverty.
1 out of 4 children in Nevada
are food insecure.
1 out of 3 children in Nevada
are living with parents who lack
Unaffordable Housing Rates
Data Source : 2018 Nevada
Housing Profile; 2016 GAP Report,
National Low Income Housing
We are Washoe County School District (WCSD)
Early Childhood Middle school High school
tutoring and data
Liaison1 Foster Liaison
Truancy Re-Engagement Family Resource Centers
Number of CIT Students in WCSD