Lets Learn Ukrainian

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,

!Lets learn Ukrainian!

2007

81.2.-96 81243 46 ! , , . 23 , , , .

: . , , ( . . ) . , , ( ) , . . , ( , , ) , (Peel Board of Education in Ontaria, )

. - . . , , 2007 . , , 2007 . , . ., 2007

ISBN 978-966-441-044-8

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: . . . - . -14, -16 (2006 ) .

AcknoledgementsI should like to express my deepest gratitude to: pan Vasyl Hutkovskyy for assistance with publishing this book. Mrs. J. Zajac for advice and correction of the English part of the textbook. Students of the Department of Architecture, National University Lvivska polytechnika for designing pictures for the dialogues in the textbook.

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ForewordThe course book ! (Lets learn Ukrainian!) is designed as a course of Ukrainian as a foreign language. The aim of the book is to teach the student to express himself in Ukrainian. The course consists of 23 Lessons, Keys, a Vocabulary list, a Glossary of terms and a Disk. Lesson description: Each lesson begins with a dialogue in Ukrainian accompanied by its English translation in brackets. We have tried to translate the dialogues as closely as possible to the original text, but, given the very different structure of the two languages, we could not do a word-for-word translation. All the dialogues are related by content. Each dialogue is followed by a list of words.The words are arranged in alphabetical order and presented in the same form as they are used in the dialogue with their base form given in brackets. F. ex: () I thank (to thank); (. .; ) town (Gen.). As for the latter word, it should be noted that English nouns do not have case distinctions, which is why in the English translation of a Ukrainian noun we only indicate the case in brackets to show in which case the Ukrainian noun is used. The following section is called Related words, where we give more words on the topic dealt with in the dialogue. In section 3 we deal with Grammar. In it we explain the grammar that the content and vocabulary of the dialogues made us address. Thus, we managed to encompass in 22 lessons all the main grammar categories of the Ukrainian language, those of case, tense, aspect and mood. Lesson 23 is a concluding lesson and conveys cultural information rather than strictly language. The section Exercises consists of exercises on the grammar dealt with in each lesson. We tried to build exercises using the vocabulary from a given lesson and the previous lessons, always bearing in mind the communicative aspect of the course book. Keys The Keys contain answers to most of the exercises from the Exercise section. Vocabulary The words from the dialogues are presented in the Vocabulary section in their base form. As for verbs, we also indicate the conjugation group they belong to by the figures (1) and (2) in round brackets. Glossary of terms The Glossary of terms is a list of Ukrainian grammar terms with their English equivalents. Disk All the dialogues are recorded on a disk.

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Table of contentsLesson 1 1.1. The Ukrainian alphabet 1.2. Exercises on Ukrainian sounds Lesson 2 2.1. Dialogues , , . Words to the dialogues. 2.2. Further Explanations 2.3. Related words to the topic 2.4. Grammar gender of nouns and the Nominative case the Vocative case Possessive pronouns cardinal and ordinal numerals from 110 2.5. Exercises Lesson 3 3.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 3.2. Related words to the topics , 3.3. Grammar the Present tense of verbs of the first conjugation the Genitive case of nouns and pronouns cardinal and ordinal numerals from 1119 3.4. Exercises Lesson 4 4.1. Dlogue . Words to the dialogue. 4.2. Related words to the topic 4.3. Grammar the Present tense of verbs of the second conjugation the Accusative case of nouns and pronouns 4.4. Exercises Lesson 5 5.1. Dialogue .Words to the dialogue. 5.2. Related words to the topic 5.3. Grammar the verb expressing necessity the Ablative case of nouns and pronouns the emphatic adjective , , the Adverb and the emphatic adverb cardinal and ordinal numerals from 20 100 5.4. Exercises 10 10 12 14 14 16 17 17

21 24 24 26 27

31 34 34 36 37

39 42 42 43 44

46

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Lesson 6 6.1. Dialogues , . Words to the dialogues. 6.2. Related words to the topics , 6.3. Grammar reflexive verbs with the particle the adjective of necessity , , and the adverb 6.4. Exercises Lesson 7 7.1. Dialogue .Words to the dialogue. 7.2. Related words to the topics: , 7.3. Grammar verbs with the particle (continuation) the verb and its derivatives spacial meanings expressed by prefixes the Dative case of nouns and pronouns degrees of comparison of adjectives and adverbs the use of the prefix with adjectives 7.4. Exercises Lesson 8 8.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 8.2. Related words , 8.3. Grammar the Locative case of nouns and pronouns the prepositions and with the Locative or the Accusative cases the verbs and 8.4. Exercises Lesson 9 9.1. Dialogues , . Words to the dialogues. 9.2. Related words to the topic 9.3. Grammar declension of nouns in plural the use of the cases with numerals 9.4. Exercises Lesson 10 10.1. Dialogue .... Words to the dialogue. 10.2. Related words to the topic 10.3. Grammar

50 50 52 52

54 56 56 58 59

64 67 67 68 70

71 74 74 76 77

79 81 81 83 83

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the Past Imperfect declension of adjectives in singular and plural 10.4. Exercises Lesson 11 11.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 11.2. Related words , 11.3. Grammar the Future Imperfect: simple and complex polite forms of the verbs and How to tell time 11.4. Exercises Lesson 12 12.1. Dialogue ... Words to the dialogue. 12.2. Related words to the topics , 12.3. Grammar cardinal and ordinal numerals from 100 1000 declension of cardinal numerals from 1 10 collective cardinal numerals from 1 10 12.4. Exercises Lesson 13 13.1. Dialogues , . Words to the dialogues. 13.2. Related words to the topics , 13.3. Grammar the possessive pronoun , , and its declension the reflexive pronoun 13.4. Exercises Lesson 14 14.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 14.2. Grammar the perfect and the imperfect verb the Past Perfect 14.3. Exercises Lesson 15 15.1 Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 15.2. Related words to the topic 15.3. Grammar the Future Perfect the perfective prefix - the irregular verb in the Future 15.4. Exercises

85 89 89 91 91

94 97 97 98 99

101 104 104 107 107

108 111 111 113

118 121 121 123 123

126

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Lesson 16 16.1. Text . Words to the text. 16.2. Grammar declension of feminine nouns with a zero ending 16.3. Exercise Lesson 17 17.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 17.2. Related words to the topic 17.3. Grammar the verb in the third person plural Indefinite pronouns and their declension Negative pronouns 17.4. Exercises Lesson 18 18.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 18.2. Related words to the topic 18.3. Grammar the Imperative mood the imperative particles ! and ! 18.4. Exercises Lesson 19 19.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 19.2. Related words to the topics: , 19.3. Grammar one-word sentences the verb and its derivatives 19.4. Exercises Lesson 20 20.1. Dialogue: . Words to the dialogue. 20.2. Related words: Verbs of thought, speech, movement 20.4. Grammar the Perfect Adverbial Participle and the Imperfect Adverbial Participle 20.5. Exercises Lesson 21 21.1. Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 22.1. Related words to the topic 22.3. Grammar the Conditional mood the verb and its derivatives

129 129 130 130 131 131 133 133

135 138 138 140 140

142 145 145 146 147

149 151 151 152 153

155 158 158 160 160

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22.4. Exercises Lesson 22 22.1 Dialogue . Words to the dialogue. 22.2 Grammar the Perfect Adjectival Participle the Impersonal Participial Form in -, - the verb and the verb and its derivatives 22.3. Exercises Lesson 23 23.1 Text Christmas night with a carol 22.2 Ukrainian Holidays 23.3 Additional texts for reading Ukraine Ukrainian national symbols 24.4 The State Anthem of Ukraine 24.5 The Spiritual Anthem of Ukraine Keys Vocabulary Glossary of grammar terms

163 165 165 168

171 173 173 174 175

177 178 179 190 210

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1 (THE UKRAINIAN ALPHABET)The Ukrainian alphabet has 33 letters. As a rule, a letter denotes a sound, so, there will be as many sounds in a word as there are letters. The Ukrainian graphic system uses the Cyrillic alphabet, as do other Slavic languages such as: Belorusian, Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian and Serbian (the latter two have two graphic systems in use: Cyrillic and Latin).

A table of the Ukrainian alphabet:Name of a letter in Ukrainian transcription name of a letter in English transcription Cursive letters

Typed letters

Sound

Examples

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

2

3 a

4 [a] [be] [ve] [he] [ge] [de] [e] [ye] [zhe] [ze] [I] [] [yi] [yot ]

5 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []

6 [a] [b] [v] [h] [g] [d] [e] [ye] [zh] [z] [I] [i] [i] [y]

7 A! Like the English: Aha! ! Like the English: bed ! Like the English: van ? A glottal sound more like the German Hh: Hut, Haus , like the English: get , like the English: dad , like the English:Ted , like the English: yellow , like the English: pleasure , like the English: Zed , more like the English [I], but longer: thin , like the English: piece , like the English: yeast , the palatalizing sound like the English:

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Yy+a vowel: Yes, young

A table of the Ukraini