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Lesson 4-Installing Network Operating Systems

Lesson 4-Installing Network Operating Systems. Overview Installing and configuring Novell NetWare 6.0. Installing and configuring Windows 2000 Server

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  • Lesson 4-Installing Network Operating Systems
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  • Overview Installing and configuring Novell NetWare 6.0. Installing and configuring Windows 2000 Server. Installing and configuring Red Hat Linux.
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  • Installing and Configuring Novell NetWare 6.0 Prerequisites for installing Novell NetWare 6.0. Installing Novell NetWare 6.0.
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  • Prerequisites for Installing Novell NetWare 6.0 Checking hardware compatibility. Checking hardware configuration. Testing server hardware.
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  • Checking Hardware Compatibility The minimum hardware requirements include: A server class computer with Pentium II or compatible AMD K7 processor. 256 megabytes (MB) of RAM. A boot partition with at least 200 MB of space, and an additional 200 MB of available space. 2 gigabytes (GB) of available hard disk space for the SYS volume.
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  • Checking Hardware Compatibility The recommended hardware requirements include: A Pentium III or compatible 700 MHz processor. 512 MB of RAM. A boot partition of at least 1 GB. At least 4 GB of available hard disk space for the SYS volume.
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  • Checking Hardware Configuration A CD-ROM drive, a SVGA display adapter, a monitor, and a network interface card are required for any installation of NetWare 6.0. The use of a USB, PS/2, or serial mouse is also recommended. The most recent version of the client software is recommended for workstations supported by the network server.
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  • Testing Server Hardware In order to ensure that the servers hardware is functioning properly, it is essential to rebuild the hard disk drives and perform a fresh installation. The existing partitions can be deleted either using a bootable CD or the DOS FDISK program. A primary DOS partition is created when a fresh installation is performed.
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  • Testing Server Hardware A primary partition is an active area on the hard disk, which is used by the operating system during startup. By default, only 200 MB of the partition space is used during NetWare 6 installation.
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  • Testing Server Hardware NetWare server can be installed on a Windows NT or a Windows 2000 Server or Workstation. The FDISK program is used to identify if the NT drive is on a FAT or a NTFS partition. A FAT partition should have its Windows NT boot loader removed to repartition the disk. A NTFS partition can be removed using installation floppy disks to install a NetWare server.
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  • Testing Server Hardware DOS should be installed on the servers hard disk drive using DOS 6.21 or 6.22 setup disks. The special DOS version NDOS, included in the installation software package, overwrites the test configurations installed on the drive and automatically selects updated drivers.
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  • Testing Server Hardware Mouse drivers should be loaded, and the network interface cards installation disks must also be made available to meet specific requirements. A hub and network wiring is also required for network installations to help connect a server to other workstations.
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  • Installing Novell NetWare 6.0 A bootable CD-ROM is used for installing NetWare 6.0. The bootable CD-ROM configures the server to use the Internet Protocol (IP) and also creates a new Novell Directory Services (NDS) tree.
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  • Installing Novell NetWare 6.0 Express and custom are the two installation options available. Express installation is the fastest and requires the least amount of information to be given. The custom option, if used without changing any of the available options, implements the express setup while allowing the user to verify their settings.
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  • Installing Novell NetWare 6.0 The user is required to verify the following aspects while installing NetWare: Server settings, regional information, mouse type, and video mode. Device drivers and network boards. Volume SYS and partition size.
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  • Installing Novell NetWare 6.0 The following inputs are required while installing NetWare: The name of the server. The IP address, subnet mask, and the router IP address. The host name, domain name, and the IP address of the name server.
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  • Installing Novell NetWare 6.0 NDS Installation window
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  • Installing and Configuring Windows 2000 Server Prerequisites for installing Windows 2000 Server. Installing Windows 2000 Server.
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  • Prerequisites for Installing Windows 2000 Server Checking hardware compatibility. Checking hardware configuration. Testing server hardware.
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  • Checking Hardware Compatibility The minimum requirements for installing Windows 2000 Server include: A 32-bit computer with a Pentium 133 MHz processor. 128 MB of RAM. At least one hard disk where the system root (C:\WINNT) can be located on a partition with at least 671 MB of available hard disk space.
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  • Checking Hardware Configuration A 12x CD-ROM drive is recommended for installations. A SVGA display adapter, a network interface card, and a MS-DOS based operating system are required if installation is to be done over a network.
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  • A mouse or other pointing device, and the most recent version of the network operating system software are also required. A high-density 3- inch floppy drive is required for installation if the CD-ROM is not bootable. Checking Hardware Configuration
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  • Testing Server Hardware To ensure the proper functioning of the servers hardware, it is necessary to rebuild the computers hard disk drive and start a fresh installation. The Windows bootable CD, the installation diskettes, or the FDISK program can be used to delete existing partitions. The Windows bootable CD builds new partitions, including the DOS primary partition.
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  • Testing Server Hardware A Windows NT or a Windows 2000 Server or Workstation can be used as a Windows 2000 Server. It is not essential to remove the existing partitions prior to installing the new operating system.
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  • Testing Server Hardware If the existing partition is a FAT partition it can be converted to NTFS, while an existing NTFS partition can be used during installation. If required, the existing partitions can be repartitioned.
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  • Testing Server Hardware The DOS 6.21 or 6.22 Setup disks can be used to install DOS on the servers hard disk drive. Mouse drivers should be loaded to ensure that the mouse works on a graphical user interface (GUI).
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  • Testing Server Hardware The network interface cards installation disks should also be made available while installing the server software. It is also necessary to have a hub and network wiring to connect a server to workstations.
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  • Installing Windows 2000 Server The bootable CD-ROM used for installing Windows 2000 Server performs the following tasks: Erases the existing hard disk drives. Reformats the disk with a NTFS partition. Configures the server to use the IP protocol, and creates a new Windows 2000 Server.
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  • Installing Windows 2000 Server Windows 2000 Server Setup window
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  • Installing Windows 2000 Server The following inputs are required: The users name and the organization name. The 25-character product key code.
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  • Installing Windows 2000 Server Windows 2000 Licensing Modes
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  • Installing Windows 2000 Server The following inputs are required (continued): The computer name and the administrator password. The workgroup or the domain name. The user name and password for the user who is authorized to join the machine to the domain.
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  • Installing Windows 2000 Server Typical settings and custom settings are the two options available for installing the network components. The Ctrl-Alt-Delete key combination is used to initiate the logon to the new server.
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  • Installing and Configuring Red Hat Linux Prerequisites for installing Red Hat Linux. Linux specifications. Installing Red Hat Linux.
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  • Prerequisites for Installing Red Hat Linux Checking hardware compatibility. Checking hardware configuration. Testing server hardware.
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  • Checking Hardware Compatibility The minimum requirements for installing Red Hat Linux include: A Pentium class computer with a Pentium 200 MHz processor. 32 MB of RAM for text-mode installation and 64 MB for graphical mode installation. At least 650 MB of hard disk space or 4.5 GB of available hard disk space for a complete installation.
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  • Checking Hardware Compatibility Care must be taken to ensure that the hardware to be installed is supported by the operating system. The Linux Web site provides a Hardware Compatibility List (HCL), which identifies the list of hardware that has passed the compatibility tests for the operating system. The Web site also includes an installation guide, which provides the system requirements table.
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  • Checking Hardware Configuration A boot-enabled CD-ROM drive is recommended for installations. A high-density 3- inch floppy drive is required for installation if the CD-ROM is not bootable. Information about the monitor, display adapter, and the network operating system software is also required. A mouse is required for graphical installations.
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  • Testing Server Hardware Proper functioning of a servers hardware can be ensured by re-building the existing hard disk drive and starting a fresh installation. The FDISK program or the bootable CD-ROM can be used to delete the existing partitions. A DOS primary partition gets created when the server installation is started.
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  • Testing Server Hardware A Windows NT or Windows 2000 Server or Workstation can be reused as a Linux server. It is not essential to remove the NT partitions before installing the new operating system.
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  • Testing Server Hardware DOS should be installed in the servers hard disk drive using DOS 6.21 or 6.22 setup disks. Mouse drivers should be loaded to ensure that the mouse works for the GUI.
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  • The network interface cards installation disks should also be made available while installing the server software. A hub and network wiring are required to connect the server to other workstations. Testing Server Hardware
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  • Linux Specifications Linux is an open source operating system. The users can view the operating system code, and can also modify it. Linux provides the users the ability to choose the packages for applications that they want to install to create the desired environment.
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  • Linux Specifications Linux allows users to choose between any one of the boot loaders LILO (Linux Loader) and GRUB (Grand Unified Bootloader). By default, the boot loader is initiated from the Master Boot Record (MBR) during startup.
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  • Linux Specifications Manual and automatic are the two options available for partitioning the disk during installation. Manual partitions can be performed using either the Disk DRUID tool or the Red Hat FDISK option.
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Red Hat Linux Setup window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Disk Partitioning Setup window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Automatic Partitioning window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Disk Setup window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Boot Loader Configuration window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Boot Loader Password Configuration window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Network Configuration window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Firewall Configuration window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Account Configuration window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Package Group Selection window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Graphic Interface Configuration window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Boot Disk Creation window
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  • Installing Red Hat Linux Customize Graphics Configuration window
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  • Summary Novell NetWare is a server-only network operating system. Windows 2000 Server is a server operating system that can also be used in the workstation mode. The DOS FDISK program is used to delete the existing partitions.
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  • Summary The Hardware Compatibility List provides a list of all the hardware equipment supported by the operating system. GNOME and KDE are the two graphical interfaces provided by Red Hat Linux.