Lesson 4 : Editing

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Lesson 4 : Editing. Professor Aaron Baker. Previous Lecture. Mise-en-Scene Narrative Function in Smoke Signals (1998). This Lecture. Editing Continuity and Discontinuity in The Limey (1999). Part I: Editing. Editing. Coordinating One Shot with Next Most Analyzed Aspect Film Form - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Lesson 4:EditingProfessor Aaron Baker

  • Previous LectureMise-en-SceneNarrative Function in Smoke Signals (1998)*

  • *This Lecture EditingContinuity and Discontinuity in The Limey (1999)

  • Part I: Editing*

  • Editing Coordinating One Shot with NextMost Analyzed Aspect Film FormFirst Films Just One ShotNow Hollywood Films 1-3 K*1896 - Edison's film entitled The Kiss saw May Irwin and John C. Rice re-enact the final scene from the Broadway play musical The Widow Jones - it was a close-up of a kiss.

  • *Ways to EditIn-CameraStoryboardingEditing TableNow ComputerizedFinal Cut Back on Negative

  • Shot RelationsFour Principles by Which to Connect Shots:Graphic - CompositionRhythmic - LengthSpatial - Build SpaceTemporal Relations - Define Time

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  • Graphic EditingContinuity ContrastPictorial ContentMovement/Stasis*

  • RhythmicTemporal Length of ShotLong Shots contemplative Short Shots energyASL in Hollywood Now: Few Seconds *

  • Spatial RelationsEditing Can Create Story SpaceSpaces Juxtaposed to Suggest Contiguous*

  • Crosscutting

    Parallel Editing We See Simultaneous Actions in Different SpacesSpaces LinkedCause and Effect Relationship Between Actions in Two Places

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  • Crosscutting (continued)Unrestricted Range of KnowledgePlease watch the clip to see e.g. of crosscutting in Syriana (2005).

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  • Four Spaces ParalleledEditing Here Connects Four Spaces:ConvoyCIAOil Execs at BanquetClooney Character

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  • Editing and Time Controls Time of StorySupports Plots Manipulation of StoryDetermines Order, Duration, Frequency of Story Actions*

  • Part II:Continuity and Discontinuity Editing in The Limey*

  • OrderUsually ChronologicalFlashbacksFlashforwardsPlease watch a clip from The Limey.Back and Forth in Conversation, Plane, Gun, Warehouse

  • MemoryPresent Tense: Wilson in LA for RevengeFlashbacks to Memories: Plane, Jenny as Girl, When She Confronted Drug SmugglersHis Motivation*

  • RevengeFlashforwards Show What Wilson Wants Hint at Why Wont SatisfyViolent Future Cant Change Past Failed Relationship

  • E.g. Editing Often Elliptical Events Shown With Less Screen Time Than in Story Less Important Events Omitted By Plot*

  • Overlapping Editing Repeating an Action to Expand Story TimeLends EmphasisPlease watch a clip from Do the Right Thing (1989)Important Action: Can Hits Window Twice*

  • Continuity EditingDominant in Hollywood FilmCertain Rhythms: Long Shots Longer than Close UpsMain Objective: Clear Space and Time to Tell Story*

  • Continuity TransitionsMove Story Forward, Demphasize Editing:180 Degree RuleMatch on ActionEyeline MatchShot/Reverse Shot*

  • *Other TransitionsFade out/inDissolve Time PassingWipe Iris Straight CutStill Aide Story Less Invisible

  • More Continuity DevicesEstablishing Shot Whole Narrative SpaceBreakdown (Coverage) Closer ViewsRestablishment Shot New Character, Action

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  • Such Analytical Cutting Directs Our Attention Emphasizes Dialogue, Reaction, Cause and Effect Create Narrative Continuity*

  • The LimeyPlease watch a clip from The Limey that illustrates analytical editing.In this scene, Wilson hunts Valentine down in his Big Sur house.*

  • Establishing ShotOf driveway Followed by closer shots in houseGunfightRestablishing shots as Valentine escapes house, Wilson follows*

  • Intensified Continuity1930-60 Classical Continuity Style300-500 ShotsNow 1-3 KNew Continuity to Match New Pace*

  • Contemporary EditingMore Close Ups (CUs)Closer Framing Easier to Understand When Shots are ShortMobile Camera*

  • 1960- Present Films Seen on TVFaster Editing, Moving Camera Energize Smaller ImageHolds Viewer Attention in Era of DistractionCUs Present More on Smaller Screen*

  • Discontinuity Editing

    Connections Not Obvious, Invisible Viewer Interprets Assigns Temporal, Spatial, Causal Relations Between Shots *

  • Discontinuity DevicesJump Cut: Transition from one shot to next jumps on screenMakes viewer aware of editingWhat is filmmaker presenting in these shots?

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  • Discontinuity in The Limey Please rewatch the first part of the clip we saw earlier from The Limey.Jump Cuts as Eduardo and Wilson Talk

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  • Discussion QuestionsWhy these jump cuts?Asking Us to Evaluate Characters? Post a response on the eBoard to these questions and the comment of a colleague.*

  • Summary EditingContinuity and DiscontinuityThe Limey (1999)

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  • Next Lecture: Cinematography*End of Lecture 4

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