Lesson 13 - Undercover Dave - .Lesson 13 - Undercover Dave 15 e-ec Brasil Lesson 13 - Undercover

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Text of Lesson 13 - Undercover Dave - .Lesson 13 - Undercover Dave 15 e-ec Brasil Lesson 13 - Undercover

15Lesson 13 - Undercover Dave e-Tec Brasil

Lesson 13 - Undercover Dave

Objetivos

Desenvolveraproficincianahabilidadedelisteningereading,respondendoasquestespropostas.

Reconhecerousodoreported speech,oempregandoemdiferentessituaes.

ConhecerocontedodeumSpeaking test in proficiencyexams,exercitandoasestratgiasapresentadas.

Revisarocontedo,aplicando-onaatividadeproposta.

Herewego!1. X-ray vision? Inthisclassepisode,DrLupovtakesRoytoseeDavetherobot,becausehealreadyknowshe isamachine.Meanwhile,Prismeets therealDaveoutsidethehotelandhelpshimgetin.Shehasabsolutelynoideaofwhatiscomingnext,andisexcitedabouthavinganexclusivewithheridol.Basedonthesesituationsandusingsomeofthecharacterslinesasexamples,inthislessonyouaregoingtostudyReported Speech,muchusedtoreportwhatpeoplehavetoldus.IntheOutloudsectionyouaregoingtostudythedifferentsoundsof the letter x,with recordedexamplesso thatyoucan listen and practice the appropriate pronunciation. The Smart point

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presentsspeaking tips, inorder tohelpyouorganizeyourspeechfasterandmoreclearlyforproficiencyexams.ThisisthelastbookofModule03,youareafewlessonsawaytofinishthiscourse.So,workhardandmakethemostofit!

Warmingup2. Pris to the rescuePrisisatthehotelwithhighexpectationstomeetDave.Shesabouttogiveupand leavewhenshesuddenlyfindsheremployeesaccesscard.ShegetstothealleyrightnexttothehoteltogetinsideandseesDave.Watchtheirconversation:

Pris:Dave?!OMG!

Dave:Huh?Oh...Yes!

Pris:Ohh,Dave!Whatathrill!

Dave:Hey!Loweryourvoice.

Pris:OK!Whatareyoudoinghere?Whataboutthisfakebeard?Andtheseclothes?

Dave:Oh...I'mundercoverbecauseofthe...

Pris:...Paparazzis!?Iknewit.

Dave:Hmm?Yeah!Iorderedmystupidbodyguardtobehereandopenthedoor

forme.

Pris:Hmm?Whydon'tyoucallhim?

Dave:Er...right!Oh,Iforgotmyphone...

Pris:Hmm...Ihaveanidea!Icanhelpyougetin.

Integrated mediaAcesseamdiaLove you, Dave!paraacompanharomomento

emquePrisencontraDave.

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Youhave justwatched thedialoguebetweenPrisandDave. Inorder tocheckyourcomprehensionofthesituationsinthisepisode,dotheactivity Infer and check.WhenDavesaysI ordered my stupid body guard to be here and open the door for me,heisusingReported SpeechtotellPrissomethinghehadpreviously toldhisbodyguard. In thenext topicyouaregoing tostudythestructureanduseofReported Speech.

3. Getting The Hang Of It

3.1 Reported Speech OReported Speech (Discurso Indireto) utilizado para reportar, ou seja,contaraumaterceirapessoaalgoquejfoidito.Utilizamosestaestruturadiariamente, emportugus,paracontarsobreuma reuniode trabalho,repassar algum comunicado importante, ou ainda, reportar fatos eacontecimentos.Vejanatabelaaseguirexemplosdesituaesnasquaispodemos utilizar oReported Speech. Os exemplos esto em portugusparaquevoccompreendamelhorassituaesdeuso:

DISCURSO DIRETO - ISAAC PARA ROY

DISCURSO INDIRETO - ROY PARA PRIS

Temos que ser rpidos! Isaac me disse que tnhamos que ser rpidos.

DISCURSO DIRETO - ISAAC PARA RACHAEL

DISCURSO INDIRETO - RACHAEL PARA DAVE

Vou explicar a voc. Dr. Lupov disse que me explicaria.

DISCURSO DIRETO - DAVE PARA PRIS DISCURSO INDIRETO - PRIS PARA OUTRA F

Esqueci meu telefone. Dave me contou que havia esquecido seu telefone.

Como voc pode perceber, o Discurso Indireto faz parte do nosso dia-a-diaeutilizadoemdiversassituaes.Aoreportarmosoquefoiditoanteriormente,humamudananotempodoverboprincipal,conformevocpodeobservarnafraseditaporIsaac:

Temos que ser rpidos! verbo ter no presente

Learning activityInfer and check

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QuandoRoycontaaPrisoqueomdicodisse,elediz:

Isaac me disse que tnhamos que ser rpidos. verbo ter no passado

Viaderegra,oReported Speechexigequeoverboprincipaldaaoestejaumtempoatrs,ouseja,senoDiscursoDiretotemosoverbonopresente,noDiscursoIndiretoesteverboserconjugadonopassado.

Alguns itens, como por exemplo, possessive adjectives tambm sofremalterao.IssopodeserverificadonafraseditaporDaveparaPris:

Esquecimeutelefone.

QuandoPriscontaaoutraparticipantedoblogoqueelehaviadito,elautilizouseu(dele)porestarfalandodotelefonedeDave:

Davemecontouquehaviaesquecidoseutelefone.

NodilogoentrePriseDave,omsicoutilizaoReported Speechparadizerasuafquehaviadadoumaordemaoseusegurana.Vejanovamente:

I ordered my stupid body guard to be here and open the door for me.

NestafraseDaveutilizouoverboorderporqueeleserefereaumaordem,umcomandoquedeuaoseusegurana.VejaoqueDaveprovavelmentedisseaosegurana,utilizandooDirect Speech.PercebaqueafraseestnaImperative form:

Behereandopenthedoorforme.

ExistemdiversosverbosquevocpodeutilizaremReported Speech,masnestaaulavocestudarosdoisverbosutilizadosmaisfrequentemente:sayetell.

Overbosaycomumenteseguidode that,quepodeounoconstarnafrase,enquantotellexigeumnomeprprioouobject pronoun logoaps.

Audio

Mind the gapPossessive adjectives:my,your,

his,her,its,our,your,their.

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Normalmente,estesverbossoconjugadosnoPast Simple:saidoutold,respectivamente.Acompanhealgunsexemplos:

Direct Speech (Isaac to Rachael) Reported Speech

Rachael, Ill explain it to you.

Isaac said he would explain it to her.

Isaac said that he would explain it to her.

Direct Speech (Isaac to Roy) Reported Speech

We have to be fast! Isaac told Roy they had to be fast.

preciso entender o porqu da alterao do tempo do verbo principalnoReported Speech:quandoreportamosalgofaladoanteriormente,estecomentrio,instruoouordemjfoiverbalizadoe,portanto,necessrioadequar o tempo verbal aomomento em que a frase est sendo dita.Na tabelaaseguir,observeas transformaes feitasnoverboprincipalquandoafraseestnoReported Speech:

Verb To be - Present Simple Past Simple

DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH

I am undercover because of the paparazzi.

He told her he was undercover because of the paparazzi.

There to be (present) There to be (past)

Theres a security guard over there.

Pris said there was a security guard over there.

Pris said that there was a security guard over there.

Present Continuous Past Continuous

Im trying to figure out what happened now.

Dave said he was trying to figure out what happened then.

Dave said that he was trying to figure out what happened then.

Audio

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Present Simple Past Simple

Hmm I have an idea!Pris said she had an idea.

Pris said that she had an idea.

Past Simple Past Perfect

We didnt order anything here. Isaac told the chambermaid they hadnt ordered anything there.

Present Perfect Past Perfect

Ive never met Roy before

Rachael said she had never met Roy before.

Rachael said that she had never met Roy before.

FrasesnoPast SimpleouPresent PerfectresultamemReported SpeechcomoverbonoPast Perfect,conformeosexemplosapresentados.Entretanto,frasesnoPast PerfectmantmoverboprincipalnoPast PerfectquandonoReported Speech.Issoaconteceporquenohcomodarumpassoatrsnotempoverbal,ouseja,noexistemaispassadodoqueoPast Perfect.Observe:

Past Perfect Past Perfect

I hadnt had a day off in years.

She said she hadnt had a day off in years.

She said that she hadnt had a day off in years.

Audio

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Ao reportarmos algo que foi dito sobre o futuro, o verbo principal serconjugadonoquechamamosdeFuture in the past:

Going to Future in the past

Im going to call Powell tomorrow.

Dr. Lupov said he was going to call Powell the next day.

Dr. Lupov said that he was going to call Powell the next day.

Veja como o Reported Speech se estrutura em frases que contmModal verbs:

Can Could

DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH

I can rob people blind if I want, but Im too honest.

Roy told Pris that he could rob people blind if he wanted,

but hes too honest.

May Might

We may arrest the thief who stole our top secret information.

Powell told Donavan they might arrest the thief who stole their

top secret information.

Will Would

Rachael, Ill explain it to you. Dr. Lupov told Rachael he would explain it to her.

Must Had to

We must protect the hotel against robbers.

The manager said that they had to protect the hotel against robbers.

Have to, mesmo no sendo um verbo modal, comporta-se da mesmaformaquemustquandocolocadoemReported Speech.Observe:

Have to Had to

Now I just have to get into my room without being seen.

Dave said (that) he just had to get into his room without being seen.

Audio

Mind the gapFuture in the pastexpressaaideiadequenopassadovocpensouquealgoacontecerianofuturo.EmfrasesdeReported Speech,Future in the pastreportafrasesnoGoing to future.

Mind the gapOsmodaisshould,could,wouldemightnosofremalteraoemfrasesdeReported Speech.Exemplo:DirectSpeech:I could do lots of things when I was younger.ReportedSpeech:He said (that) he could do lots of things when he was younger.

EmDirecteReported Speech,overbomodalmayexpressaprobabilidade.

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Alm dos tempos verbais j estudados e dos modal verbs, tambmpodemos ter Reported Speech a partir da Imperative form. Neste caso,utiliza-seapenas toldpara reportaroque foidito,poisa Imperative formexpressaordemoupedido.Veja:

Imperative form - Affirmative

DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH

Shh! Be quiet,