Lecture 1-Student Centred Learning

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    01-Mar-2016

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A lecture about EFL teaching learning that discusses students as the centre of learning process rather than the object.

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  • Rida Wahyuningrum

    English DepartmentAdi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    By the end of this lecture, you will be able to answer questions about:

    1. The definition of SCL2. The characteristics and principles of SCL3. Strategies used in SCL4. Types of assessment applied in SCL

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    FLEXIBLE LEARNING, EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING, SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING

    The terminologies

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    Hayward John DeweyCarl RogersPiaget Malcolm Knowles

    The shift in power from the expert teacher to the student learner, driven by a need for a change in the traditional environment where in this so-called educational atmosphere, students become passive, apathetic and bored.

    The Experts

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    Student-centred learning (SCL) is an approach to education that focuses on the learner and their needs, rather than being centred around the teacher's input. It therefore aims at reliance on active rather than passive learning, an emphasis on deep learning and understanding, an increased responsibility and accountability on the part of the student, an increased sense of autonomy in the learner and an interdependence and mutual respect within the learner-teacher relationship.

    http://www.international.ac.uk/policy/ehea-bologna-process/objectives-and-action-lines/student-centred-learning.aspx

    The Definition

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    The teacher should not interfere with this process of maturation, but act as a guide

    STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    The process of development or readiness, i.e. the child will learn when he/she is ready.

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    TEACHER-CENTRED LEARNING

    VS

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    STUDENT-CENTRED

    High level of

    student choice

    Student active

    Power primarily

    with the student

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    TEACHER-CENTRED

    Low level of

    student choice

    Student passive

    Power is primarily

    with teacher

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    1. the reliance on active rather than passive learning, 2. an emphasis on deep learning and understanding, 3. increased responsibility and accountability on the part of the

    student, 4. an increased sense of autonomy in the learner 5. an interdependence between teacher and learner, 6. mutual respect within the learner teacher relationship, 7. a reflexive approach to the teaching and learning process on

    the part of both teacher and learner.

    STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    PRINCIPLES OF STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    1. The learner has full responsibility for her/his learning

    2. Involvement and participation are necessary for

    learning

    3. The relationship between learners is more equal,

    promoting growth, development

    4. The teacher becomes a facilitator and resource

    person

    5. The learner experiences confluence in his education

    (affective and cognitive domains flow together)

    6. The learner sees himself differently as a result of the

    learning experience.

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    LEARNING OUTCOMES OF STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    By the end of this modules:

    you (the student) will be able to:

    1. Recognise the structures

    of the heart

    2. Critique one of Yeats

    poems

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    LEARNING OUTCOMES OF TEACHER-CENTRED LEARNING

    The course will cover:

    1. The anatomy of the heart

    2. A selection of Yeats

    poems

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    Strategies in Student-Centred Learning

    Practices

    1. Make the student more active in acquiring

    knowledge and skills and might include

    exercises in class, fieldwork, use of CAL

    (computer assisted learning) packages

    etc.

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    Strategies in Student-Centred Learning

    Practices

    2. Make the student more aware of what

    they are doing and why they are doing

    it.

    3. The focus is on interaction, such as

    the use of tutorials and other

    discussion groups and on

    transferable skills.

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    TEACHING METHODS OF STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING (outside of the lecture format)Independent projects

    Group discussion

    Peer mentoring of other students

    Debates

    Field-trips

    Practicals

    Reflective diaries, learning journals

    Computer assisted learning

    Choice in subjects for study/projects

    Writing newspaper article

    Portfolio development

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    TEACHING METHODS OF STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING (in the lecture format)

    Buzz groups (short discussion in twos)

    Pyramids/snowballing (Buzz groups continuing the discussion into

    larger groups)

    Cross-overs (mixing students into groups by letter/number

    allocations)

    Rounds (giving turns to individual students to talk)

    Quizes

    Writing reflections on learning (3/4 minutes)

    Student class presentations

    Role play

    Poster presentations

    Students producing mind maps in class

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    ASSESSMENTOF STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

    DIFFICULTIES

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    a)that the giving of marks and grades are

    over emphasized, while the giving of advice

    and the learning function are under

    emphasized,

    b)pupils are compared with one another

    which highlights competition rather than

    personal improvement.

    REASONS OF DIFFICULTIES IN DOING THE ASSESSMENT

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    EXAMPLES OF STUDENT-CENTRED ASSESSMENT

    Diaries, logs and journals

    Portfolios

    Peer/self assessment

    Learning contracts and negotiated

    assessment

    Projects

    Group work

    Profiles

    Skills and competencies

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    PROCESSES OF STUDENT-CENTRED

    ASSESSMENT1. Involving students at the stage when the task is set:

    Choosing the assessment task

    Setting the assessment task

    Discussion the assessment criteria

    Setting the assessment criteria

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

    2. Involving students at the stage after the task is completed:

    Making self-assessment comments Making peer-assessment feedback comments Suggesting self-assessment grades/marks Negotiating self-assessment grades/marks Assigning self-assessment grades/marks Assigning peer-assessment grades/marks

    PROCESSES OF STUDENT-CENTRED

    ASSESSMENT

  • Rida Wahyuningrum English Department

    Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya

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