Learning Spanish - 6c

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Los adjetivos (Adjectives)Adjectives are words that tell something Note the words that are italicized are about a noun or a adjectives. pronoun. Adjectives are used to describe people or things. The young girl with long, Adjectives are the brown hair is a great skater. words that help pick people out of a crowd or things out of a group of many things. They will tell you what people look like or what their personality is like. They can describe height, length, and width. Adjectives are a little different in Spanish than in English. They may change spelling, depending on whom or what they are describing. They may also come in a different place in the sentence than they do in English. First, lets explore their spelling. You learned that all nouns have gender in Spanish. Every person, place, or thing is referred to as being masculine or feminine. It is important to consider the gender of things when you describe them in Spanish. The spelling of the word may change depending on the gender of the noun it describes. Look at the adjectives on the following page and their meanings. Notice the spelling changes for masculine and feminine. People have gender and objects do too. You must follow the spelling rule regardless if you are describing people or things. masculine feminine

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Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

Masculine and Feminine Forms of AdjectivesCarefully look at these examples: Julio es alto y simptico. Julio is tall and nice. Because Julio is a boy, the words used to describe him must be masculine also. Ana es alta y simptica. Ana is tall and nice.alto y simptico

Those same adjectives have changed spelling to end in an -a. That is because they are describing a girl, Ana. To describe something feminine, the describing words must also be feminine. Juan es rubio. Juan is blond. El profesor es aburrido. The teacher (male) is boring. Alberto es ambicioso. Alberto is ambitious. Elena es rubia. Elena is blonde. La clase es aburrida. The class is boring. Julia es ambiciosa. Julia is ambitious.

rubia

Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

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Below is a list of masculine and feminine forms of adjectives in Spanish and their meanings. Notice that if the adjective ends in an -o to describe something or someone masculine, the -o changes to an -a to describe something feminine. Masculine and Feminine Adjectives

Masculinealto bajo antiptico simptico calvo moreno pelirrojo rubio delgado gordo bonito feo guapo hermoso bueno malo cmico serio aburrido divertido listo romntico viejo ambicioso perezoso

Femininealta baja antiptica simptica calva morena pelirroja rubia delgada gorda bonita fea guapa hermosa buena mala cmica seria aburrida divertida lista romntica vieja ambiciosa perezosa

Meaningtall short unpleasant nice bald dark-haired redheaded blond(e) thin fat pretty ugly good-looking beautiful good bad comical serious boring fun clever romantic old ambitious lazy

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Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

Prctica (Practice)Listen and repeat as the teacher models each adjective in its masculine and then its feminine form. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat) Masculine alto bajo antiptico simptico calvo moreno pelirrojo rubio delgado gordo bonito feo guapo hermoso Feminine alta baja antiptica simptica calva morena pelirroja rubia delgada gorda bonita fea guapa hermosa Meaning tall short unpleasant nice bald dark-haired redheaded blond(e) thin fat pretty ugly good-looking beautiful

Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

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bueno malo cmico serio aburrido divertido listo romntico viejo ambicioso perezoso

buena mala cmica seria aburrida divertida lista romntica vieja ambiciosa perezosa

good or well bad comical serious boring fun clever romantic old ambitious lazy

Now, listen and repeat the adjectives again.

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Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

Adjectives That Stay the SameLook at the following adjectives. Each one stays the same whether it is describing a male or a female. Fernando es inteligente. Carmen es inteligente. Fernando es popular. Carmen es popular. Here is a list of other adjectives that do not change their spelling from masculine to feminine. They stay the same when describing a male or a female.popular inteligente

Adjectives That Stay the Samegrande impaciente inteligente interesante jovenjoven

great, big impatient intelligent, smart interesting young patient popular responsibleimpacienteI want in NOW!

grande

paciente popular responsable

Of the adjectives above and the ones on page 350, which ones would you consider to be cognates? For example, the following adjectives are cognates. inteligente romntico(a) intelligent romantic

Remember: Cognates are words that look and sound alike in more than one language. (Some cognates are false cognates because they have different meanings.)

Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

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Prctica (Practice)Listen and repeat as the teacher models each adjective that stays the same whether describing a male or a female in Spanish. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat) grande ............................ great, big impaciente ..................... impatient inteligente ..................... intelligent, smart interesante ..................... interesting joven ............................... young paciente .......................... patient popular ........................... popular responsable ................... responsible Now, listen and repeat the adjectives again.

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Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

Prctica (Practice)Use the list of adjectives below and work with a partner to describe each other in Spanish. Write two sentences using adjectives that match the gender of your partner. alto(a) ambicioso(a) bajo(a) bonito(a) bueno(a) cmico(a) divertido(a) guapo(a) tall ambitious short pretty good comical funny good-looking hermoso(a) listo(a) moreno(a) pelirrojo(a) rubio(a) simptico(a) serio(a) beautiful clever dark-haired redheaded blond(e) nice serious

Modelo (Model): Juan es guapo y listo. Juan is good-looking and clever. Mara es guapa y divertida. Mara is good-looking and funny. 1. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

Now use the same group of adjectives above to write one sentence describing your teacher. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes 355

Prctica (Practice)Use the list of adjectives in Spanish on page 350, or pages 351-352, to find the proper form of the adjective in the parentheses. Then read the sentences to your partner. (good-looking) 1. Juan es (blonde) (serious) (popular) (nice) (boring) (unpleasant) (redheaded) (ugly) (smart) (fat) (romantic) 2. Juanita es 3. Toms no es 4. Susana es 5. El Sr. Jimnez es 6. La musica es muy 7. La chica es 8. Mi ta es 9. El hombre es muy 10. El profesor de matemticas es 11. Mi abuelo es 12. La msica es . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

Plural AdjectivesNow lets look at what happens when you describe more than one thing or person, something plural. The two things you must think about are gender and plural. Yes, the words that describe must also become plural. Look carefully at these comparisons: Juan es guapo. Juan is good-looking. Juan y Miguel son guapos. Juan and Miguel are good-looking. Ana es guapa. Ana is good-looking. Ana y Susana son guapas. Ana and Susana are pretty.

Marco es inteligente. Marco is intelligent. Marco y Julio son inteligentes. Marco and Julio are intelligent.

Paula es inteligente. Paula is intelligent. Paula y Elena son inteligentes. Paula and Elena are intelligent.

Paula y Elena son inteligentes.

Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

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Prctica (Practice)Use the underlined adjective from the first sentence to describe the people in the second sentence. The adjective must agree in gender and in number (singular or plural) with the noun(s) it is describing. 1. Mnica es baja. Mnica y Luisa son .

2. Enrique es listo. Enrique y Paco son .

3. La profesora es paciente. Las profesoras son .

4. Mi hermano es moreno. Mis hermanos son .

5. La clase es aburrida. Las clases son .

6. Los estudiantes son serios. El estudiante es .

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Unit 6: Family, Adjectives, Likes, and Dislikes

7. Mis primos son populares. Mi primo es .

8. La chica es cmica. Las chicas son .

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Prctica (Practice)An exchange student named Samuel is describing his friends back home to you. Rewrite the sentences and do the following. Use the correct form of the verb ser. Use the correct adjective to write what he says about them. Remember: The adjective must agree in gender and in number (singular or plural) with the noun(s) it is describing. Then read the sentences to your partner. Modelos (Models): Julio Julio es serio. serio. Ana y Gloria Ana y Gloria son viejas. vieja.

1. Catalina

bonito.

___________________________________________________________ 2. Gloria y Claudia rubio.

___________________________________________________________ 3. Ins delgado.

___________________________________________________________ 4. Marco simptico.

________________________________________________