LEAP Training Exercises English 2008

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    Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System

    TRAINING EXERCISES

    January 2008

    These exercises are for use with LEAP for Windows.Download the latest version of LEAP from www.energycommunity.org before using these exercises.

    http://www.energycommunity.org/http://www.energycommunity.org/
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    Stockholm Environment Institute U.S. Center11 Curtis AvenueSomervilleMA 02144-1224USA

    Tel: +1 (617) 627-3786Web: www.energycommunity.org and www.sei-us.orgEmail: leap@sei-us.org

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    http://www.energycommunity.org/http://www.sei-us.org/mailto:LEAP@sei-us.orgmailto:LEAP@sei-us.orghttp://www.sei-us.org/http://www.energycommunity.org/
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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION __________________________________________________________ 5GETTING STARTED IN LEAP _________________________________________________ 6

    EXERCISE 1: INTRODUCTION TO LEAP ___________________________________ 101.1 OVERVIEW OF FREEDONIA____________________________________________ 101.2 BASIC PARAMETERS ________________________________________________ 101.3 DEMAND _________________________________________________________ 111.4 TRANSFORMATION _________________________________________________ 191.5 EMISSIONS ________________________________________________________ 261.6 ASECOND SCENARIO:DEMAND-SIDE-MANAGEMENT ______________________ 28

    EXERCISE 2: DEMAND __________________________________________________ 302.1 INDUSTRY ________________________________________________________ 302.2 TRANSPORT _______________________________________________________ 322.3 COMMERCE:USEFUL ENERGY ANALYSIS ________________________________ 342.4 TOTAL FINAL DEMANDS _____________________________________________ 36

    EXERCISE 3: TRANSFORMATION ________________________________________ 373.1 CHARCOAL PRODUCTION_____________________________________________ 373.2 ELECTRICITY GENERATION ___________________________________________ 373.3 OIL REFINING _____________________________________________________ 373.4 COAL MINING _____________________________________________________ 383.5 RESOURCES _______________________________________________________ 383.6 VIEWING RESULTS__________________________________________________ 39

    EXERCISE 4: COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS __________________________________ 424.1 COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS IN LEAP:ABRIEF INTRODUCTION_________________ 424.2 CREATING POLICY SCENARIOS ________________________________________ 434.3 ENTERING COSTING DATA____________________________________________ 434.4 SHOWING COST-BENEFIT RESULTS _____________________________________ 47

    EXERCISE 5: A TRANSPORTATION STUDY _______________________________ 495.1 BASIC PARAMETERS AND STRUCTURE___________________________________ 495.2 CURRENT ACCOUNTS DATA __________________________________________ 515.3 BUSINESS AS USUAL SCENARIO________________________________________ 525.4 CURRENT ACCOUNTS EMISSIONS FACTORS _______________________________ 545.5 BUSINESS AS USUAL EMISSIONS _______________________________________ 565.6 POLICY SCENARIOS _________________________________________________ 56

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    TRAINING EXERCISES FOR LEAP

    Introduction

    These training exercises will introduce you to LEAP, the Long-range Energy Alternatives

    Planning system, and how it can be applied to energy and environmental analysis. The exercisesare normally used as part of LEAP training courses. They assume that you have somebackground in energy issues and familiarity with Windows-based software, includingspreadsheets (such as Microsoft Excel).

    The training exercises are designed in a modular fashion. If you only have a few hours and wantto get a general impression of how LEAP works then complete Exercise 1.

    Exercise 1 will introduce you to the basic elements of energy demand and supplyanalysis, of projecting energy requirements and calculating environmental loadings. Youmust complete Exercise 1 before beginning Exercise 2.

    Exercises 2 and 3 allow you to develop a basic energy (and emissions) analysis, to createscenarios, and to evaluate a handful of individual policy and technical options, such ascogeneration, energy efficiency standards, and switching power plants from coal tonatural gas. The exercises cover demand, supply, environmental loadings, and scenarioanalysis, and can be done individually or together. Altogether they will take about to 2 to4 days to complete fully.

    All of the exercises use the backdrop of a fictional country called Freedonia. Theexercises present you with data that is similar to the information you will encounter in thereal world. As in the real world, in some cases you will need to convert the data into aformat suitable for entry into LEAP. We provide you with hints to assist you and to helpensure that your approaches are consistent. In order for the exercises to work well,exercises 1-3 have a right answer, and you will need to check your results against theprovided answer sheets. Notice that your data structures can vary, but your projectedenergy requirements should match the answer sheets. You can import the results ofindividual exercises if you wish to skip them. For instance, users interested only insupply analysis (Exercise 3) can import a data set that corresponds to the results ofExercise 2 (demand analysis).

    Exercise 4 lets you explore alternative scenarios in an open-ended fashion (for which

    there are no answer sheets). In this exercises, working groups adopt roles (e.g. energysupplier, environmental NGO, rural development agency) and use LEAP to construct,present, and defend energy policy scenarios that reflect different interests andperspectives.

    Exercise 5 lets you use LEAPs transportation analysis features to construct a range ofscenarios that examine different policies for reducing fuel use and pollution emissionsfrom cars and sport utility vehicles (SUVs). You can use Exercise 5 without havingcompleted any of the previous exercises.

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    In order to complete these exercises you will need a Pentium class PC (400 MHz or higher clockspeed recommended) with at least 64 MB of RAM with Microsoft Windows 98 or later runningLEAP. You will also need pens, paper and a calculator, such as the one built-in to Windows.

    Getting Started in LEAPIf LEAP is installed, start LEAP from the Start/Programs/LEAP menu. If not, run the setupprogram on the CD-ROM or download and run LEAP from the Internet(www.energycommunity.org), following the on-screen instructions. Once started, LEAP willdisplay a title screen, then the main screen shown overleaf.

    NB: To complete these exercises you must be using a registered version of LEAP. TheEvaluation version of LEAP does not allow you to save data and so cannot be used for theseexercises.

    The main screen consists of 8 major views, each of which lets you examine different aspects ofthe software. The View Bar located on the left of the screen, displays an icon for each view.Click on one of the View Bar icons or use the View Menu to change views,

    Hint: If you are working on a lower resolution screen, you may want to hide

    the View Bar to make more space on the screen. Use the menu option View:

    View Bar to do this. When the View Bar is hidden use the View menu to

    switch views.

    The Analysis View is where you enter or view data and construct your models and scenarios.

    The Diagram View shows you your energy system depicted as a Reference Energy SystemDiagram.

    The Results View is where you examine the outcomes of the various scenarios as graphs andtables.

    For information on the other views, click on Help.

    The Analysis View

    The Analysis View (shown below) contains a number of controls apart from the viewbar mentioned above. On the left is a tree in which you view or edit your datastructures. On the right are two linked panes. At the top is a table in which you edit or

    view data and create the modeling relationships. Below it is an area containing charts and tablesthat summarize the data you entered above. Above the data table is a toolbar that lets you selectthe data you want to edit. The topmost toolbar gives access to standard commands such assaving data, creating new areas, and accessing the supporting fuels, effects and referencesdatabases.

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    wData isorganized in atree.

    Edit data bytyping here.The main menu and

    toolbar give access toma or o tions.

    Switchbetweenviews ofthe Areahere.

    Data can bereviewed in chart ortable format.

    The status bar notesthe current Area and

    View.

    The main parts of the Analysis View are described in more detail below:

    Tree: The tree is the place where you organize your data for both the demand andsupply (Transformation) analyses. In most respects the tree works just like the ones instandard Windows tools such as the Windows Explorer. You can rename branches byclicking once on them and typing, and you can expand and collapse the tree outline byclicking on the +/- symbols. Use the right-click menu to expand or collapse allbranches or to set the outline level.

    To edit the tree, right-click on it and use the Add ( ), Delete ( ) and Properties ( )buttons. All of these options are also available from the Tree menu option. You can

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