Text of KNIGHTS, CHIVALRY AND KING ARTHUR. Medieval Romance ◦ Genre-created in the 12 th c ◦ Originated...
KNIGHTS, CHIVALRY AND KING ARTHUR
Medieval Romance Genre-created in the 12 th c Originated in
France and spread throughout Europe The purpose of this genre was
to celebrate and retell the heroic deeds of knights and their
Medieval Romance Conventions Romance Hero A knight of
superhuman strength, intelligence and virtue who follows the code
of chivalry A Quest The hero must prove his worth by going
quest/journey motivated by love, faith or adventure. During this
quest the hero must overcome many obstacles. Exotic Setting set in
imaginary kingdoms with great castles, enchanted lakes, and forests
populated with giants and monsters.
Medieval Romance Conventions Continued: Supernatural Elements
Sorcerers, magic spells, giants, dragons, mysterious evil forces
and access to knowledge about future events are just some examples.
Hidden Identities Others are often unaware of a characters true
identity. The truth is usually revealed at the climax of the story.
Episodic structure Romances are not tightly structured; characters
simply go from one adventure to the next without much
Chivalry The Age of Chivalry: 1100-1400 Definition The code of
conduct that medieval knights were expected to follow. Required
knights to be not only warriors, but gentlemen. Example: Knights
were expected to protect the weak noble women while the lord was
Chivalry Characteristics of a Knight Courageous Honest Loyal
Summary of the Code (in book) Swear allegiance to his lord
Fight to uphold Christianity Seek to redress all wrongs Honor truth
by word and deed Be faithful to one lady Act with bravery,
courtesy, and modesty.
1.Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt
observe all its directions. 2.Thou shalt defend the Church. 3.Thou
shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the
defender of them. 4.Thou shalt love the country in the which thou
was born. 5.Thou shalt not recoil before the enemy. 6.Thou shalt
make war against the Infidel without cessation, and without mercy.
7.Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if they be not
contrary to the laws of God. 8.Thou shalt never lie, and shalt
remain faithful to thy pledged word. 9.Thou shalt be generous, and
give largesse to everyone. 10.Thou shalt be everywhere and always
the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.
10 Commandments of Chivalry for a Knight (actual code)
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table The character
King Arthur is thought to be based on an actual warrior who
defended Britain against the Anglo-Saxon or Visigoth invaders in
the 5 th -6 th c. The man vs. the legend 5 th and 6 th c. various
songs and poems about an Arthur-like character, a Celtic war hero.
Geoffery of Monmouth (cleric) The History of the Kings of Briton
Sir Thomas Malorys- Le Morte dArthur T.H. White- The Once and
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table in Pop