King Abdulaziz University Department of European Languages & Literature Syntax (LANE-334) Chapter 4 Processes Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi Dr. Abdulrahman

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King Abdulaziz University Department of European Languages & Literature Syntax (LANE-334) Chapter 4 Processes Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3341 Slide 2 Introduction 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3342 Slide 3 Introduction 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3343 Slide 4 Introduction 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3344 Slide 5 Introduction 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3345 Slide 6 Leftward movement : Questions formation: 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3346 Slide 7 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3347 S NP VP PRN T V NP NP I shall show PRN Det N you my drawings Slide 8 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3348 S NP VP shall PRN T V NP NP I shall show PRN Det N you my drawings Slide 9 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3349 Slide 10 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33410 S NP VP PRN T V NP NP I shall show PRN Det N you my drawings Slide 11 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33411 CP C S NP VP PRN V NP NP PRN Det N Shall I show you my drawings? Slide 12 Questions formation: 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33412 Slide 13 Questions formation: 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33413 Slide 14 Questions formation: 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33414 Slide 15 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33415 S NP VP PRN T V NP AdvP you do read what everyday Slide 16 Questions formation Questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33416 Slide 17 Wh-questions formation Wh-questions formation 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33417 Slide 18 Wh-questions formation Wh-questions formation After movement, a gap is left behind in the original position. DS: You read what everyday. SS: what do you read ___ everyday? The extracted wh-expression is called a filler because it fills the gap. Sometimes, an index is used to indicate movement : SS: what i do j you __ j read ___ i everyday? The extracted wh-expression is also called the binder or the wh-operator because it binds the element in the gap position. 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33418 Slide 19 Prepositional phrases in wh-questions Prepositional phrases in wh-questions 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33419 Slide 20 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33420 Prepositional phrases in wh-questions Prepositional phrases in wh-questions Slide 21 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33421 Wh-movement in Subjects Slide 22 Indirect yes/no questions 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33422 (Declarative clause) (Interrogative clause) (interrogative clause) (Direct yes/no question ) Slide 23 Indirect yes/no questions Indirect yes/no questions are not subject to Subject- auxiliary inversion. 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33423 Slide 24 Indirect wh-questions 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33424 Slide 25 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33425 Long wh-movement Slide 26 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33426 Long wh-movement Slide 27 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33427 Relative clauses Slide 28 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33428 Restrictive relative clauses Slide 29 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33429 Restrictive relative clauses Slide 30 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33430 Restrictive relative clauses Slide 31 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33431 Restrictive relative clauses Slide 32 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33432 Restrictive relative clauses Slide 33 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33433 Non-restrictive relative clauses Slide 34 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33434 Non-restrictive relative clauses Slide 35 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33435 Free relative clauses Slide 36 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33436 Adverbial relative clauses Slide 37 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33437 Reduced relative clauses Slide 38 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33438 that in relative clauses Slide 39 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33439 Wh-movement in Subjects Slide 40 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33440 Appositive clauses Slide 41 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33441 Appositive clauses Slide 42 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33442