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Kindergarten Readiness Power Point

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Welcome to Kindergarten!

Ms. Sascha [email protected]

Welcome to Kindergarten!1Language Arts

Teaching Suggestions for Concepts of Print

Read everyday with your child. Books on tape are also fun and educational. Listening to reading helps your child develop fluency appropriate pacing and expression that corresponds with meaning.

For each book you read, discuss the front cover, back cover, the title, the author, and the illustrator. Use these terms often when reading books.

Dont skip the table of contents. Discuss how the table of contents tells us what information will be in the book, and on what page to find that information.

Point to the words with your finger as you read the sentences. This teaches children to track print which is an important skill for when they begin to read on their own.

Have your child mimic you as you follow the words on the page with your finger.

Show your child the difference between a letter, a word (made up of letters), and a sentence (made up of words, ends with a period, question mark, or exclamation mark).

When reading, ask your child to show you a letter (and name it if possible), a word, and then a sentence.

Do not only use these reading strategies occasionally, make them a habit with every book.Letter RecognitionSing the alphabet song. Write the ABCs on a large piece of paper, or find a toy or a book with the printed ABCs. As your child sings the alphabet song, have him/her point to the letters one at a time. This will help the child match the spoken letter to the written letter.

Use magnetic letters to practice matching capital and lowercase. These can be put on a cookie sheet. Spray paint the cookie sheet to make it a fun color!

Buy ABC or phonics flashcards. Mix them up and have the child practice naming the letters one at a time. Use the flashcards to play a game. Lay the cards out faced-down and have the child turn them over one at a time. The child names the letter. If s/he is correct, the card stays turned over. If incorrect, the card is flipped faced-down again. The goal is to name all 26 letters, lowercase and uppercase. Also, have the child match uppercase to lowercase letters.Have your child cut and paste letters from magazines to make the alphabet or to spell his/her name.

When reading stories or signs outside, point to letters and ask the child to name them. Point to whole words and ask the child to spell the word.

Have your child practice writing his/her first and last name. Then ask the child to name all the letters in his/her name. Mix up the letters and see if the child can still name all of the letters in his/her name.

Buy a set of phonics flashcards. These cards will have, for example, the letter Aa and then pictures of words that begin with /a/.

Have your child match letter flashcards to toys that start with that letter. Give the child a letter card and say I dare you to find 3 toys that start with this letter.

Have your child cut and paste pictures from magazines that start with certain letters. For example, make a collage of b words. Or write the alphabet and for each letter, cut and paste a picture to match the sound the letter makes.

Phonemic Awareness (Sounds)If you are reading about an apple, point to the picture of the apple and then the word apple. Show the child that the word apple begins with the letter a. Have the child repeat a-a-apple repeating the beginning sound /a/. Emphasize beginning sounds, such as b-b-ball, c-c-cat, d-d-doll, and e-e-egg.

When in the house or in the car, ask questions such as What letter does radio start with? or What sound do you hear at the beginning of car?

Play clapping games with your child around the house or in the car to practice counting syllables in words. For example, clap once and say chair, clap twice and say ta-ble, clap three times and say ba-na-na, clap four times and say tel-e-vi-sion. When you are reading stories, choose some words to clap out the syllables.

Read a lot of rhyming poems and rhyming stories. Listen to and sing rhyming songs. Allow the child to hear rhyming words all the time and they will probably start making up their own rhymes in no time.

Play rhyming games around the dinner table or in the car. Start a rhyme and have your child finish it, or say I am thinking of a word that rhymes with boy and have the child guess the answer.

Purchase music from artists like Raffi, Steve and Greg, and Dr. Jean. These musicians/educators have fun songs that practice letters, sounds, rhymes, numbers, etc. Songs stick better than almost anything else!

Reading ComprehensionBefore reading a story, show the child the cover of the book and read the title. Tell the child to look through the pictures (picture walk) and guess what happens on each page. Then read the story. Afterwards discuss how the predictions were correct or incorrect. Incorrect predictions are fine, as long as they make sense according to the pictures.

After reading stories, do not simply say The End and close the book. Take 2-3 minutes to talk about the story. Ask the child who the characters were in the story. Ask what the setting was (where and when did it take place). Use the terms characters and setting, as the child will need to use them in kindergarten. Ask the child what happened in the beginning, the middle, and at the end of the story. Use the book and flip back through the pages to recall all the important events in order. The child should use complete sentences and not bounce around. Encourage the child to use sequence words such as first, next, then, after that, last, and finally.

After reading a story, have the child draw a picture about what happened in the story, or what they learned from the story. The child should draw the characters and the setting, as well as at least one event. Practice this often.

Sight Word RecognitionBuy sight word flashcards. Practice reading these and other common sight words with your child. Use the 26 letter sounds to blend the words. For example, /r/ /u/ /n/ says run and /u/ /p/ says up.

Play concentration games with the flashcards. Place 5 or 10 words faced-down on a table. As the child turns over a word, s/he must read the word correctly to leave it face-up. If it is read incorrectly, it must be placed faced-down and tried again later in the game.

Play sight word bingo. Make a bingo grid. Write common sight words in the boxes. Call out one sight word at a time. Have the child locate the word and place a marker on it. When the child covers the whole board and gets Bingo, s/he gets a small treat.

Practice finding these sight words in books you read together. If you see one of the words, ask the child to point to it on the page and read it aloud.

Help your child keep a notebook of sight words they can read. S/he will be very excited each time s/he can add a word s/he knows to their notebook. Be sure to practice these words often, so the child does not forget them.

Letter WritingShow your child the correct way to hold a pencil. If your child does not hold the pencil between the fingers and the thumb, it is helpful to purchase a Stetro grip (available at Morrisons School Supplies or online), which helps the fingers grasp the pencil correctly.

In our kindergarten, we use small golf pencils. These are the perfect size and weight for small hands. They can be purchased at Office Depot and are an item on the K supply list.

Encourage proper form and direction when writing letters. It is very difficult for children to break the habit of writing letters incorrectly, such as writing the circle of the letter p before drawing the line, or writing the letter c from the bottom to the top instead of from the top to the bottom. Please see the attached handwriting page for guidance.

On a piece of wide-lined paper, write the capital and lowercase, using a yellow highlighter. Have your child use a pencil to copy over your highlighted letters. Practice this handwriting exercise often. Have the child say the letters as s/he is copying them.

When the child becomes neat at tracing the highlighted letters, then allow the child to write the letters (in pencil) next to your printed letters.

Finally have the child practice writing the letters on lined paper all by him/herself.

Name WritingAs with letter writing, use a highlighter to write your childs first and last name on wide-lined paper. Write the first and last name four times down the page. Have the child use a pencil to trace his/her name all four times. Have the child say the names of the letters as s/he traces them.

Your child probably writes his/her name in all capitals or a combination with lower case. Start having your child practice using a capital letter only at the beginning of the name and the rest should be lowercase. We will perfect this in Kindergarten.

Type your childs name on a word processor using the Comic Sans MS font size 48 with an outline effect. Give the child six different color markers. Have the child make a rainbow name by tracing the letters first in red, then in orange, then in yellow, then in green, then in blue, then in purple. Have your child write his/her name on all the pictures s/he draws.

MathematicsCounting & Writing to 100Begin by having the child master recognizing and writing the numbers in increments of five: 0-5, 0-10, 0-15, 0-20.The numbers twelve, thirteen, fourteen, the teens can be tricky for kids. Spend extra time repeating these numbers. Encourage counting slowly and not skipping numbers.

Stop at 20 and introduce the numerals 0-20 written in order on a number line. As your child is counting, s/he should be able to

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