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Kindergarten Readiness. Kindergarten Readiness Summit 2011 Dayton, Ohio. “There is no single overarching definition of readiness but rather a universal readiness construct to which a variety of indicators have been brought to bear.” Blair et. al. . Child side of readiness: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Kindergarten ReadinessKindergarten Readiness Summit 2011Dayton, OhioThere is no single overarching definition of readiness but rather a universal readiness construct to which a variety of indicators have been brought to bear.Blair et. al. Child side of readiness:Pre-literacy skillsSelf RegulationGeneral cognitive abilityLanguage ability

Readiness also is tied to:Family resourcesLearning opportunitiesRisk factorsCommunity supportThe readiness of schoolsSimply putschool readiness refers to the state of child competencies at the time of school entry that are important for later school success.Kyle Snow: Kindergarten Readiness: Conceptual and Practical ConsiderationsKindergarten ReadinessThe Kindergarten Readiness-Literacy has been in place for 6 years;The purpose of the assessment was to permit a comparison of the academic readiness of kindergarten students AND;To provide teachers and administrators with information about childrens development reading skills at the start of school.

Kindergarten ReadinessIn realityIt is a 15 minute screening for one content areaThink of it as a thermometer Not to be used as high stakesExpanded Kindergarten Readiness AssessmentReview the research and identify any changes that should be made to current KRA-L elements:Answering questionsSentence repetitionRhyming identificationRhyming productionLetter identificationInitial soundsExpanded Kindergarten Readiness AssessmentAnd add---------MathematicsSocial-emotionalExpanded Kindergarten Readiness AssessmentWhat does current research tell us?What do the content experts tell us?What are we learning from other states?Early Learning Content StandardsSocial Studies: completedScience: completed English Language Arts: pre-k in processMathematics: pre-K in processEach discipline has its own structure---we know that teachers need to know the knowledge base of the content but also the pedagogy related to that content. The new structures and each will be different take note of this.11Standards: the Heart of Educational Equity Content Standards: define the knowledge, concepts and skills to be taught at each age or grade level.as social constructions they ideally represent a community compromise on what children should know and be able do to;standards say clearly that teachers are responsible for organizing the learning environment so that children learn. B. Bowman 2006Social Studies and Science StandardsThe revised standards are designed to include the essential concepts and skills to allow for instruction that fosters deeper understanding.

English Language Arts and MathFewer, clearer and higher standards that are aligned with college and work expectations;Standards that have been internationally benchmarked;Rigorous content and application of knowledge through higher-order skills; andEvidence and/or research-based standards built upon the strengths and lessons of the current standards.Social Studies and ScienceStrandsThemesConnectionsTopicsContent StatementsSocial Studies and ScienceStrand refers to the disciplines within the content area.Social Studies: History, Geography, Government and EconomicsScience: Earth and Space Science, Physical Science and Life SciencesEarly Learning Content Standards: Social Studies and ScienceThemes relate to the focus of the content for a particular grade level.

Social Studies Themes:Pre-K: The Classroom CommunityK: A Childs Place in Time and SpaceScience Themes:Pre-K: Observations of the EnvironmentK: Observations of the EnvironmentEarly Learning Content Standards: Social Studies and ScienceContent Statements: The essential knowledge to be learned at each grade level.Social Studies: Heritage: Personal family stories and traditions support the understanding of heritage.Science:Observations of objects and materials: Color, shape, size weight and texture are some examples that can be used to describe and/or sort objects and materials.Early Learning Content Standards: Social Studies and ScienceTopics: The topics are the main focus for content for each strand at that particular grade level.Social Studies Topics for Pre-K:Historical thinking and skills; HeritageSpatial thinking and skills; Human SystemsCivic participation and skills: Rules and LawsScarcity; Production and consumption

Early Learning Content Standards: English Language Arts and Math

English Language Arts:StrandsTopicsStandard StatementsMathematics:DomainStandard StatementsEarly Learning Content Standards: English Language ArtsKey ideas and detailsCraft and structureIntegration of knowledge and ideasRange of reading and level of text complexityPrint conceptsPhonological awarenessPhonics and word recognitionFluencyText types of purpose

Early Learning Content Standards: English Language ArtsProduction and distribution of writingResearch to build present knowledgeComprehension and collaborationPresentation of knowledge and ideasConventions of standard EnglishKnowledge of languageVocabulary acquisition and use

Early Learning Content Standards: MathCounting and cardinalityNumber, number sense and operationsOperations and algebraic thinkingMeaning of operationsMeasurement and dataGeometry

Social Emotional DevelopmentSelf awarenessSelf managementSocial awarenessRelationship skillsResponsible decision-making skills24Early Childhood EducationChildren are rarely exposed to any content specific instructionmore so for math and science.Of 676 state funded programs:15% consistently rated at high levels of emotional support and classroom organization; relatively high for instruction.19% had low levels across all 3 elements of quality.Hamre & Pianta et. al. (2007)Early Childhood EducationQualityClear expectationsMonitoring for problems: proactive vs. reactiveRedirecting behaviorPraise rather than call attention to misbehaviorIncrease student engagementCreate efficient routines at the start of schoolOffer interesting activities, centers and materialsEarly Childhood EducationChildren are active in their own learningAdvancing conceptual understanding through higher order thinking skillsProviding quality feedback to children through back and forth exchangesModeling languagePromoting peer conversationsUsing content specific instructionWhy do this?Children may:Spend up to 10 hour per day5 days per week50 weeks per yearIn out of home care settings

This amounts to 12,500 hours of time before age 5;Or the equivalent to the number of hours spent in elementary and secondary education.

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