# Key Strategies for Teaching Elementary Mathematics

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Key Strategies for Teaching Elementary Mathematics. Where Are the Cookies?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Key Strategies for Teaching Elementary MathematicsWhere Are the Cookies?Mrs. James left a tray of cookies on the counter early one morning. Larry walked by before lunch and decided to take 1/3 of the cookies on the tray. Later that afternoon Barry came in and ate 1/4 of the remaining cookies. After supper Terry saw the tray of cookies and ate 1/2 of the cookies remaining at that time. The next morning Mrs. James found the tray with only 6 cookies left. How many cookies were on the tray when Mrs. James first left it on the counter?Georgia Formative Assessment tasksVisual representations are critical for learning.Mrs. James found the tray with only 6 cookies left.

Terry ate 1/2 of the cookies remaining.

Barry ate 1/4 of the remaining cookies.

Larry took 1/3 of the cookies.666126TerrysremainingremainingBarry4416starting44Larry Use the blank sheet. 3

There are 338 players on a soccer team. 186 are girls and the rest are boys. How many boys are on the soccer team?

Misha has 34 dollars. How many dollars does she have to earn to have 47 dollars?

186?338

Use the blank sheet. 5Visual representations for multiplication

Visual representations translate to symbolic (CRA)

Estimate: 1.4 x 1.3 is somewhere between 1 and 4

Distributive Property: 1.4x 1.3 0.12 0.3 0.4 1 1.82

Knowing the reasons behind a procedure is as important as being fluent with it.

Reason? 13 13 x 8 x 8104 24 +80 104

83 + 810 = 8(3+10)ab + ac = a(b+c)

81032Reason?

What problem does this illustrate?

Students should work things out with their hands.

Division by Partitioning354 photos to share among 3 children

See the CGI problem set18Work with manipulatives also translates to procedures354 3(300 + 50 + 4) 3 = 100 + 10 + 1 r 21100 + 10 + 1 + 7

Try this with 251 8. Partition base 10 blocks, then write a corresponding algorithm. Problem-solving is enhanced by knowing the structures of word problems.Part-whole where a part is unknownThere are 23 players on a soccer team. 18 are girls and the rest are boys. How many boys are on the soccer team?

Joining (adding to) where the change is unknownMisha has 34 dollars. How many dollars does she have to earn to have 47 dollars?

18?23

Use the blank sheet. 20 Use the blank sheet. 21Measurement division Our class baked 225 cookies for a bake sale. We want to put them in bags with 6 in each bag. How many bags can we make?

225 60 = 165 10 bags165 60 = 105 10 bags105 60 = 55 10 bags45 30 = 15 5 bags15 12 = 3 2 bags 37 bags with 3 cookies left over

Try this with 251 8. Whats a corresponding word problem?22A recipe that makes 20 cookies needs cup of sugar. How much sugar is needed to make 100 cookies?

Measurement divisionHow many groups of 20 are in 100? (repeated subtraction, or 20 x what = 100?)Equal groupsHow much is 5 groups of 3 fourths?(Skip count on a number line)

Use the blank sheet. 23If a serving size for Cheerios is 3/4 cup, how many servings are in a box that has 12 1/2 cups?

While division by a fraction is in the 6th grade curriculum, this example shows how important it is to understand the underlying structure of word problems. Use the blank sheet. 24Alternative ways of solving a problem should be celebrated. T-shirts with the school logo cost \$8 wholesale. The Pep Club has saved \$496. How many t-shirts can they buy for their fund-raiser?

Mental Math is Important Number Talks

32 x 15

64-38 26

144Practice and drill are essential for developing fluencyDo these multiplication problems as quickly as you can using the partial product method.25 x 164 562 x 36 285 x 102

Practice makes perfect: Frequent cumulative review is the most underused method for ensuring long-term retention.