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STOCK EXCHANGE IN INDIAThe emergence of stock market can be traced back to 1830. In Bombay, business passed in the shares of banks like the commercial bank, the chartered mercantile bank, the chartered bank, the oriental bank and the old bank of Bombay and shares of cotton presses. In Calcutta, Englishman reported the quotations of 4%, 5%, and 6% loans of East India Company as well as the shares of the bank of Bengal in 1836. This list was further broadened in 1839 when the Calcutta newspaper printed the quotations of banks like union bank and Agra bank. It also quoted the prices of business ventures like the Bengal bonded warehouse, the Docking Company and the storm tug company.Between 1840 and 1850, only half a dozen brokers existed for the limited business. But during the share mania of 1860-65, the number of brokers increased considerably. By 1860, the number of brokers was about 60 and during the exciting period of the American Civil war, their number increased to about 200 to 250. The end of American Civil war brought disillusionment and many failures and the brokers decreased in number and prosperity. It was in those troublesome times between 1868 and 1875 that brokers organized an informal association and finally as recited in the Indenture constituting the Articles of Association of the Exchange. On or about 9th day of July,1875, a few native brokers doing brokerage business in shares and stocks resolved upon forming in Bombay an association for protecting the character, status and interest of native share and stock brokers and providing a hall or building for the use of the members of such association.As a meeting held in the broker hall on the 5th day of February, 1887, it was resolved to execute a formal deal of association and to constitute the first managing committee and to appoint the first trustees. Accordingly, the Articles of Association of the Exchange and the Stock Exchange was formally established in Bombay on 3rd day of December, 1887. The Association is now known as The Stock Exchange.

The entrance fee for new member was Re.1 and there were 318 members on the list, when the exchange was constituted. The numbers of members increased to 333 in 1896, 362 in 1916 and 478 in 1920 and the entrance fee was raised to Rs.5 in 1877, Rs.1000 in 1896, Rs.2500 in 1916 and Rs. 48,000 in 1920. At present there are 23 recognized stock exchanges with about 6000 stock brokers. Organization structure of stock exchange varies.14 stock exchanges are organized as public limited companies, 6 as companies limited by guarantee and 3 are non-profit voluntary organization. Of the total of 23, only 9 stock exchanges have been permanent recognition. Others have to seek recognition on annual basis. The Stock Market in India comprises of two stock exchanges: Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) National Stock Exchange (NSE) BSEThe Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) was established in 1875. The BSE serves as the most important for companies to raise money. The chief function of the Stock Market of India is to help raise money as capital for the growth and expansion of various private and public sector enterprises. Besides, the Stock Market of India provides able assistance to the individual investors through daily updates on current position of the stocks of the respective companies that are enlisted in the Stock Index in which the movement of prices in a section of the market are captured in price indices. The popular acronym for Stock Index is Sensitive index or sensex. Moreover, the liquidity provided by the exchange enables the investors to sell securities owned by them easily and quickly. Hence a person, who is subjected to sudden dearth of funds, can immediately sell his shares for cash in India Stock Market. The BSE Sensex, also known as BSE 30 is a widely used market index not only in India but across Asia. In terms of volume of transactions, it is ranked among the top five stock exchanges in the world.

NSEThe National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. (NSE), set up in the year 1993, is today the largest stock exchange in India and a preferred exchange for trading in equity, debt and derivatives instruments by investors. NSE has set up a sophisticated electronic trading, clearing and settlement platform and its infrastructure serves as a role model for the securities industry. The standards set by NSE in terms of market practices; products and technology have become industry benchmarks and are being replicated by many other market participants. NSE provides a screen-based automated trading system with a high degree of transparency and equal access to investors irrespective of geographical location. The high level of information dissemination through the on-line system has helped in integrating retail investors across the nation. The exchange has a network in more than 350 cities and its trading members are connected to the central servers of the exchange in Mumbai through a sophisticated telecommunication network comprising of over 2500 VSATs. NSE has around 850 trading members and provides trading in equity shares and debt securities. Besides this, NSE provides trading in various derivative products such as index futures, index options, stock futures, stock options and interest rate futures.Stock Index: A stock index reflects the mood and direction of the overall market. Apart from being an indicator of the market movements, stock indices also serve as a benchmark for measuring the performance of fund managers. The innovations in the financial markets and the modern portfolio theory had redefined the uses of stock indices for instance the advent of index funds. Stock indices are rarely static; their composition changes so that the objectives behind the construction of indices are served. Of course the changes might also be driven by other reasons like mergers and corporate restructuring that make some of the stocks cease to exist from the market. Although the changes in an index like Nifty are a regular phenomenon, these actions will have implications for markets in general and index funds in particular. When a stock is added (deleted) to the Nifty, index funds will try to include it in their portfolio and these actions may induce buying (selling) pressure and correspondingly the price level is increased (decreased) and the volume levels of both types of stocks are increased.COMPANY PROFILEA. Background And Inception of Company Karvy, is a premier integrated financial services provider, and ranked among the top five in the country in all its business segments, services over 16 million individual investors in various capacities, and provides investor services to over 300 corporate, comprising the who is who of Corporate India. Karvy covers the entire spectrum of financial services such as Stock broking, Depository Participants, Distribution of financial products - mutual funds, bonds, fixed deposit, equities, Insurance Broking, Commodities Broking, Personal Finance Advisory Services, Merchant Banking & Corporate Finance, placement of equity, IPOs, among others. Karvy has a professional management team and ranks among the best in technology, operations and research of various industrial segments.The birth of Karvy was on a modest scale in 1981. It began with the vision and enterprise of a small group of practicing Chartered Accountants who founded the flagship company Karvy Consultants Limited. It started with consulting and financial accounting automation, and carved inroads into the field of registry and share accounting by 1985. Since then, they have utilized their experience and superlative expertise to go from strength to strengthto better their services, to provide new ones, to innovate, diversify and in the process, evolved Karvy as one of Indias premier integrated financial service enterprise. Thus over the last 28 years Karvy has traveled the success route, towards building a reputation as an integrated financial services provider, offering a wide spectrum of services. And they have made this journey by taking the route of quality service, path breaking innovations in service, versatility in service and finallytotality in service. Our highly qualified manpower, cutting-edge technology, comprehensive infrastructure and total customer-focus has secured for us the position of an emerging financial services giant enjoying the confidence and support of an enviable clientele across diverse fields in the financial world.

B. Nature of Business Carried Karvy is a stock Broking Company that deals in shares. Apart from security broking Karvy is in to Mutual Fund & Demat, Insurance Service. It offers a wide range of financial services in order to meet different individuals financial planning. In the present scenario the service industry has given an utmost importance of doing a particular task at a fastest time in order to satisfy the customer and to attract new customer.

C. Vision of Karvy To cater to the unique needs and requirements of the mass affluent by providing complete financial solutions and thereby enabling them to their dreams into reality.

Mission of Karvy Karvys mission statement is To Bring Industry, Finance and People together. Karvy is work as intermediary between industry and people. Karvy work as investment advisor and helps to people to invest their money same way karvy helps industry in achieving finance from people by issuing shares, debentures, bonds, mutual funds, fixed deposits etc.Company mission statement is clear and thoughtful which guide geographically dispersed employees to work independently yet collectively towards achieving the organizations goals. Quality policy of Karvy To achieve and retain leadership, Karvy shall aim for complete customer satisfaction, by combining its human and technological resources, to provide superior quality financial services. In the

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