Kant. Kant desire Kant desire impulse Kant desire impulse incentive

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    16-Dec-2015

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  • Slide 1
  • Kant
  • Slide 2
  • Kant desire
  • Slide 3
  • Kant desire impulse
  • Slide 4
  • Kant desire impulse incentive
  • Slide 5
  • Kant desire will impulse incentive
  • Slide 6
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive
  • Slide 7
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational
  • Slide 8
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study.
  • Slide 9
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study.
  • Slide 10
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y.
  • Slide 11
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y.
  • Slide 12
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative
  • Slide 13
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative If you want people to trust you, you must tell the truth.
  • Slide 14
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative If you want people to trust you, you must tell the truth.
  • Slide 15
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative If you want people to trust you, you must tell the truth. You must _____.
  • Slide 16
  • Kant desire will impulse free incentive rational If you want to do well on an exam, you must study. If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative If you want people to trust you, you must tell the truth. You must _____. categorical imperative
  • Slide 17
  • The moral law must be a universal law.
  • Slide 18
  • In order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey the moral law.
  • Slide 19
  • The moral law must be a universal law. In order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey the moral law. Therefore, in order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey a universal law.
  • Slide 20
  • The moral law must be a universal law. In order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey the moral law. Therefore, in order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey a universal law. If an act cannot possibly obey a universal law, it cannot be permissible.
  • Slide 21
  • The moral law must be a universal law. In order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey the moral law. Therefore, in order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey a universal law. If an act cannot possibly obey a universal law, it cannot be permissible. Therefore, one should always act in such a way that one can conceive of one's act as obeying a universal law.
  • Slide 22
  • The moral law must be a universal law. In order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey the moral law. Therefore, in order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey a universal law. If an act cannot possibly obey a universal law, it cannot be permissible. Therefore, one should always act in such a way that one can conceive of one's act as obeying a universal law. Categorical Imperative, first formulation:
  • Slide 23
  • The moral law must be a universal law. In order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey the moral law. Therefore, in order for an act to be morally permissible, it must obey a universal law. If an act cannot possibly obey a universal law, it cannot be permissible. Therefore, one should always act in such a way that one can conceive of one's act as obeying a universal law. Categorical Imperative, first formulation: Act so that you could will there to be a universal law commanding everyone to act that way.
  • Slide 24
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't
  • Slide 25
  • The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling.
  • Slide 26
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie.
  • Slide 27
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie. Contradiction in concept
  • Slide 28
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie. Contradiction in concept: the law makes itself impossible to obey.
  • Slide 29
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie. Contradiction in concept: the law makes itself impossible to obey. Everyone must refuse to help others in need when it would require only a small sacrifice.
  • Slide 30
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie. Contradiction in concept: the law makes itself impossible to obey. Everyone must refuse to help others in need when it would require only a small sacrifice. My purpose in making the law: to advance my own happiness.
  • Slide 31
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie. Contradiction in concept: the law makes itself impossible to obey. Everyone must refuse to help others in need when it would require only a small sacrifice. My purpose in making the law: to advance my own happiness. Contradiction of will
  • Slide 32
  • lying = convincing someone that you're telling the truth when you aren't The command, "Everyone must lie" abolishes truth-telling. The command, "Everyone must lie" makes it impossible to lie. Contradiction in concept: the law makes itself impossible to obey. Everyone must refuse to help others in need when it would require only a small sacrifice. My purpose in making the law: to advance my own happiness. Contradiction of will: one makes a law for a purpose, but the law makes it impossible to achieve that purpose.
  • Slide 33
  • If you want X, you must Y.
  • Slide 34
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative
  • Slide 35
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end
  • Slide 36
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means
  • Slide 37
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end
  • Slide 38
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____.
  • Slide 39
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____. categorical imperative
  • Slide 40
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____. categorical imperative The moral law must be good as an end in itself, not as a means to an end.
  • Slide 41
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____. categorical imperative The moral law must be good as an end in itself, not as a means to an end. Only one thing chooses its own end: the rational will.
  • Slide 42
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____. categorical imperative The moral law must be good as an end in itself, not as a means to an end. Only one thing chooses its own end: the rational will. The rational will is an end in itself.
  • Slide 43
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____. categorical imperative The moral law must be good as an end in itself, not as a means to an end. Only one thing chooses its own end: the rational will. The rational will is an end in itself. Categorical Imperative, second formulation:
  • Slide 44
  • If you want X, you must Y. hypothetical imperative end means Y is good only as a means to an end You must _____. categorical imperative The moral law must be good as an end in itself, not as a means to an end. Only one thing chooses its own end: the rational will. The rational will is an