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JULY 2017 Katarina Svanberg - SPIE ... JUL 2017 | SPIE Professional 1 Volume 12, Number 3 (ISSN 1817-4035) Features Send returns and materials to SPIE Professional, P.O. Box 10, Bellingham,

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  • JULY 2017

    Katarina Svanberg Katarina Svanberg SPIE GOLD MEDAL

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  •  1JULY 2017 | SPIE Professional

    Volume 12, Number 3 (ISSN 1817-4035)

    Features

    Send returns and materials to SPIE Professional, P.O. Box 10, Bellingham, WA 98227-0010 USA.

    3 President’s Corner A few thoughts about education.

    4 2017 SPIE Gold Medal Katarina Svanberg knits together optics and oncology.

    PHOTONICS FOR A BETTER WORLD 8 Sustainable Lasers

    The role of laser technologies in sustainable manufacturing processes.

    12 Optical Sensors for Food Safety 13 Solar-powered Ophthalmoscope

    TECHNOLOGY R&D 14 Highlights from Optics + Optoelectronics

    Powerful lasers celebrated at April SPIE meeting in Prague.

    16 Recommended Reading 18 Highlights from SPIE DCS

    Plenary speakers challenge scientists to develop new technologies for space and security applications.

    20 Optics in the Air A new book explains how to observe and photograph optical phenomena from the air.

    22 Spectroscopy for Biomedical Assessment A new technique reported in the Journal of Biomedical Optics could improve assessment of kidney function in real time.

    22 Wearable Vision Systems A special section in Optical Engineering focuses on head- mounted displays and other wearable vision systems.

    INDUSTRY 24 Lidar Making Optics “Hot” Again

    A new generation of lidar companies supplying the autonomous car industry is putting optics and photonics at the center of the technology world.

    MEMBERSHIP 26 SPIE Scholarship Recipients for 2017 28 SPIE Election 29 Rudolf Kingslake Medal and Guenther

    Congressional Fellow Two Zygo researchers receive Kingslake Medal.

    30 SPIE Vikram and Early Career Awards SPIE announces the recipients of the 2017 SPIE Chandra S. Vikram Award and the two Early Career Achievement Awards.

    32 SPIE President’s and Directors’ Awards

    EVENTS 34 SPIE Laser Damage 35 SPIE Nanophotonics Australasia 36 Two SPIE Meetings in Warsaw

    Previewing SPIE Remote Sensing and SPIE Security + Defence.

    37 SPIE Optifab 38 SPIE Optics + Photonics

    This year’s event in San Diego, CA (USA), puts a focus on VR, AR, autonomous vehicles, wearables, and a new “Hot Topics” session.

    40 Events Around the World

    Cover photo courtesy Sune Svanberg

    Lidar image courtesy of Luminar.

  • © 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). All rights reserved. The articles published in SPIE Professional reflect the work and thoughts of the authors. Every effort has been made to publish reliable and accurate information herein, but the publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon. Inclusion of ar- ticles and advertisements in this magazine does not necessarily constitute endorsement by the editors or SPIE. The magazine accepts no respon- sibility for unsolicited manuscripts or artwork; they will not be returned unless accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed envelope. Send returns and materials to SPIE Professional, P.O. Box 10, Bellingham, WA 98227-0010 USA.

    The Member Magazine of SPIE spie.org/spieprofessional

    Managing Editor Kathy Sheehan [email protected] +1-360-685-5538

    Graphic Artist Carrie Binschus

    Contributors Eugene Arthurs, Pascale Barnett, Rachel Berkowitz, Carrie Binschus, Andrew Brown, Ford Burkhart, Stacey Crockett, Michael Eismann, Zakya Kafafi, Eric Lochridge, Amy Nelson, Kathy Sheehan, Sune Svanberg, and Karen Thomas.

    Editorial Advisory Board James G. Grote, chair, US Air Force Research Lab; Kristen Maitland, Texas A&M University; Jason M. Eichenholz, Open Photonics

    2017 SPIE President Glenn Boreman

    SPIE CEO Eugene G. Arthurs

    SPIE Director of Education and Community Services Krisinda Plenkovich

    SPIE Director of Publications Eric Pepper

    Advertising Sales Melissa Farlow [email protected] +1-360-685-5596

    Volume 12, Number 3 SPIE Professional (ISSN 1817-4035) is publish ed quarterly by SPIE, 1000 20th St., Bellingham, WA 98225- 6705 USA.

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  • PRESIDENT’S CORNER

    A few thoughts on optics education

    Optics is a bit of a funny academic discipline. It is different from electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, or physics in that most of the faculty in departments that grant degrees in optics do not have degrees directly in the field.

    This diversity of backgrounds is healthy to be sure, but it can have its drawbacks in terms of the faculty as a whole agreeing on a required core curriculum, particularly in graduate programs.

    The way that graduate study is funded, at least in the USA, is that the faculty pay the students’ stipends (and lots of other expenses) out of their research grants. So when a department goes looking for a new tenure-track faculty member, the search committee is pretty strongly focused on the candidate’s potential for acquiring research funding.

    Now, most researchers are specialists in a fairly restricted area, which is completely understandable given the depth of knowledge required for success in today’s hyper-competitive funding environment. Human nature being what it is, most people think their specialty is pretty important. But, it needs to be recognized that optics, as its own separate field, has certain distinctive knowledge components that the community — particularly in industry — expects from someone with a degree in optics.

    PREPARING FOR JOB IN INDUSTRY It seems a legitimate employer expectation that a job candidate

    with an AS, BS, MS, or PhD in optics has a good facility with lasers as well as a working knowledge of one of the standard design codes and a solid background in such mundane and old-fashioned topics as geometrical optics, radiometry, interferometry, and Fourier optics.

    I have heard geometrical optics called trivial in faculty meetings more than enough times. It is indeed simple if all you do is scratch the surface, but when you look in more detail, it is so complex that you barely know where to begin. Sometimes, even the simple aspects can be a little non-intuitive.

    A graduate with a degree in optics who cannot explain the utility of an extender tube in a camera or make a depth-of-field estimate looks a bit ill prepared.

    If we were solely training future academicians, then we could afford to be more narrow and cutting-edge in our choice of required topics. However, educators should recognize that most of our students will not be employed in the academic sector as there simply are not enough positions to go around. And many actually seek out the challenges and opportunities that come with a job in today’s high-tech industries.

    NARROW VS. BROAD EDUCATION And we should perhaps remember that having an optics degree,

    or especially a few of them, can be somewhat restrictive in terms of employment.

    In my experience, if the employer is looking specifically for a person with an optics background, then your resume rises near

    the top of the pile. But if the employer is looking for someone with a less specific background, then good luck.

    The fact that optics is a specialty discipline within physical science and engineering makes it all the more desirable that people coming out of school with optics degrees have the right background.

    OPTICS AND PHOTONICS ACCREDITATION

    SPIE has a leading role to play in the continuing progress for the recognition of optics as a separate and distinct engineering discipline. Our

    representation to and participation with ABET, the engineering and technology accreditation board in the USA, is a good e

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