JUDAISM VS CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW
JUDAISM VS CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW
BY:TANISHA BURKEGENE 100MAKING OF THE CHRISTIAN MINDWHAT IS A WORLDVIEW?A worldview is a commitment, a fundamental orientation of the heart, that can be expressed as a story or in a set of presuppositions (assumptions which may be true, partially true or entirely false) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic constitution of reality, and that provides the foundation on which we live and move and have our being (Sire, The Universe Next Door,17).
JUDAISM: WHO AM I?While Judaism recognizes that humans are complex creatures, there is the hope that a person will devote him or herself more fully to doing good, than to doing evil (Ehrlich,59).Judaism is a complex marriage of history ethnic identity and lifestyle guidelines that inform everyday actions as well as spiritual decisions(Ruggiero, 12).Since God is holy and just, Jews must emulate God in these and all other aspects of the divine being (Ehrlich,60).JUDAISM:PURPOSE IN THE WORLD?Orthodox Jews believe that upholding Jewish law, just as it is laid out in the Torah is the best way to practice their religion in accordance with Gods wishes (Ruggiero,13).The core of Judaism is its pronouncement of existence of one God and his choice of the Jews as a chosen people who will establish an example for all nations (Ruggiero,18).JUDAISM: AFTERLIFE?As the end approaches, Jews are encouraged to confess their sins before the Great Judge (Ehrlich,91).This indicates a belief in a continuing existence, at least of the soul, in which making a honest reckoning with ones past can only be beneficial (Ehrlich,91).JUDAISM: WHERE AM I?While Judaism recognizes that this world is the vestibule to the world to come, while there is daily prayers for the coming of the Messiah and the Messianic age, the primary emphasis in Judaism is on the present world, the here and now, in keeping with the emphasis in the Tanakh (Brown,51-52).Judaism is much more committed to a daily, weekly and annual life cycle than Christianity, and therefore Jewish life revolves around the calendar more than does Christianity, which puts a greater emphasis on individual relationship with God and life in the Spirit (in the context of a community of believers) than on the ordered lifestyle of a religious community (Brown,53).JUDIAISM: THE NATURE OF THE WORLDOrthodox Jews live in tight-knit, distinctive communities that feature Hebrew newspapers, yeshivas (Jewish schools), and special religious stores that keep hours based on the Jewish calendar (Ruggiero,13).Judaism again had a central sanctuary and a degree of self-government, and so began the pattern whereby a Jewish presence in the land of Israel coexisted with Jewish communities in the outside world, collectively known as the Diaspora (dispersal)(Enrlich,13).JUDAISM: WHATS THE PROBLEM?Judaism believes in Gods absolute unity: Christianity believes in Gods tri-unity (Brown,50).Jews often decide what is objectionable not only by their own compass but by the non-Jewish world (Ruggiero,174).Judaism does not believe that blood atonement is essential for personal atonement (Brown,51).JUDAISM: WHAT IS THE NATURE OF EVIL?Judaism believes that every human being has a battle between the good inclination (the yetzer hatov) and the evil inclination (the yetzer hara) but it does not believe in the doctrine of original sin, emphasizing instead that through the power of repentance the evil inclination can be overcome (Brown,50-51).
JUDAISM:WHATS THE REMEDY?By meeting people where they are, rather than where we think they should be, we make Judaism welcoming, compelling and helpful to individuals navigating lifes journey (Ruggiero,177).The former places its emphasis on being faithful to the Torah and rabbinic traditions, praying the communal prayers and studying the texts. (Brown,52).After the destruction of the Temple, the rabbis taught us how to find other paths to God (Ruggiero,175).
JUDAISM:FULFILLMENT?As Reform Judaism continues to move in strengthening the education of its people and in maintaining its unique commitment to change when necessary. It will easily meet the challenge of fulfilling Gods promise to Abraham and Sarah [to make their descendants as numerous as the stars] (Ruggiero, 177).JUDAISM:DO I HAVE A FUTURE?The future of Judaism will ultimately depend on how inclusive it can be, and how well it can transmit its tradition(Ruggiero,177).
CHRISTIANITY: WHO AM I?Human beings are created in the image of God and thus possess personality, self-transcendence, intelligence, morality, gregariousness and creativity(Sire, The Universe Next Door,31).Sir Philip Sidney describes Gods Creativity:lifted up with the vigor of his own invention, doth grow, in effect, into another nature, in making things either better than nature bringeth forth, or quite a new, forms such as never were in nature, freely ranging within the zodiac of his own wit (Sire, The Universe Next Door, 33).
CHRISTIANITY:AFTERLIFE?Christianity sees the world to come-specifically, heaven and hell-as being of paramount importance to the point that the way we are called to live in this world can only make complete sense in the life of eternity(Brown,52).While there is a wholesome appreciation of life in this world, it is not to be separated from the world to come (Brown,52).
CHRISTIANITY:MEANING OF HISTORY &NATURE OF THE WORLDIn short, the most important aspect of the theistic concept of history is that history has meaning because God-the Logos, meaning itself is behind all events, not only sustaining all things by his powerful word (Heb 1:3) (Sire, The Universe Next Door,43).Human history can be subsumed under four words-creation, fall, redemption, glorification (Sire, The Universe Next Door,43).Because God by his character sets the standards of righteousness, human goodness consisted in being what God wanted people to be-beings made in the image of God and acting out that nature in their daily life (Sire, The Universe Next Door,37-38).CHRISTIANITY:WHATS THE PROBLEM?THE FALL OF ADAM & EVE RESULTSIn personality, we lost our capacity to know ourselves accurately and to determine our own course of action freely in response to our intelligence (Sire, The Universe Next Door,38).Our self self-transcendence was impaired by alienation from God, for as Adam and Eve turned from God, God let them go (Sire, The Universe Next Door,38).Now we can no longer gain fully accurate knowledge of the world around us, nor are we able to reason without constantly falling into error (Sire, The Universe Next Door,38-39).CHRISTIANITY:WHATS THE REMEDY?Christianity believes that Adams fall affected the entire human race (this too, is believed by Judaism, but not in a radical a way), that the best of us fall infinitely short of Gods glory and perfection and only through the blood of Jesus, the Messiah, can we be spiritually transformed (Brown,51).Christianity believes that the Messiah who was both fully human and fully divine-the word incarnate, the Son of God-came two thousand years ago to die for our sins, rising from the dead and sending Gods Spirit to the earth to continue His mission (Brown,50).DIFFERENCES OF JUDAISM & CHRISTIANITYJUDAISM SPEAKS: (HONOR THE LAW)It is in our interest to know our history because it is in our interest to know about ourselves (Palmer,44).
CHRISITIANITY SPEAKS: (FALL UNDER GRACE)It is in our interest to achieve accuracy because history can then serve as a partial guide to the future by helping us avoid past mistakes (Palmer,45).
BARRIERS OF JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITYJUDAISM (DENIES THE BLOOD OF JESUS)Under the old system, the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow could cleanse peoples bodies from ceremonial impurity. 14 Just think how much more the blood of Christ will purify our consciences from sinful deeds[a] so that we can worship the living God. For by the power of the eternal Spirit, Christ offered himself to God as a perfect sacrifice for our sins (Hebrews 9:13-14, NLT BIBLE).JUDAISM (HOLDING THE LAW OVER GRACE)No, a true Jew is one whose heart is right with God. And true circumcision is not merely obeying the letter of the law; rather, it is a change of heart produced by Gods Spirit. And a person with a changed heart seeks praise from God, not from people (Romans 2:29, NLT Bible).JUDAISM (REJECTION OF THE SON)Anyone who denies the Son doesnt have the Father, either. But anyone who acknowledges the Son has the Father also(1 John 2:23, NLT Bible).
MLA WORKS CITED PAGESire, James. The Universe Next Door. Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 2004.Print.Ruggiero, Adriane. Religions and Religious Movements Judaism. Michigan: Thomson Gale, 2006.Print.Brown, Michael. 60 Questions Christians Ask About Jewish Beliefs and Practices. Minnesota: Chosen Books, 2007. Print.Ehrlich, Carl. Understanding Judaism. London: Duncan Baird Publishers, 2004. Print.Palmer, Michael. Elements of a Christian Worldview. Missouri: Gospel Publishing House, 1998. Print.