JOINT TASK FORCE TRAINING Form the Joint Task Force

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  • JOINT TASK FORCE TRAININGForm the Joint Task Force

  • PurposeFamiliarization with the fundamentals of establishing a Joint Task ForceTwo Tiered Command and ControlJTF DesignJTF Staff Structure

  • ReferencesJP 0-2, Unified Action Armed Forces, 24 Feb 95JP 3-0, Doctrine for Joint Operations, 1 Feb 95JP 3-56 Command and Control Doctrine for Joint Ops, Draft, Apr 97JP 5-00.2 Joint Task Force Planning Guidance and Procedures, 13 Jan 99USCP Emergency Action Plan (Volume V) Sep 98USCINCPACINST 3020.11B Organization and Administration of USCINCPAC Deployable Joint Task Force Augmentation Cell (DJTFAC), 10 Sep 97

  • Joint ForcesJoint Forces are composed of significant elements assigned or attached, of two or more Military Departments and are commanded by a JFC with a joint staffJP 3-0, pg. II-10

  • Chain of Command and ControlPRESIDENTJOINTTASK FORCEUNIFIEDCOMMANDSCJCSSECRETARY OF DEFENSEFUNCTIONALCOMPONENTSUBORDINATEUNIFIEDCOMMANDMILITARYDEPARTMENTSService Forces(Not assigned byForces For)SERVICECOMPONENTCOMMANDSSERVICECOMPONENTS/FORCESCO COMOP CONChain of CommandCoordination

  • PACOM Command StructureOperational LevelTacticalLevelCINCUSACOMPSOFCOMPUSMCCOMPUSAFCOMPUSNCOMPJTFUSACOMPSOFCOMPUSMCCOMPUSAFCOMPUSNCOMPNCASPTCINCChain of CommandCoordinationCJCSJPOTFStrategicTheaterStrategicNationalTIER ITIER II

  • Joint Task Force NEODisasterRelief/HAPeaceKeepingPeaceEnforcementSSCCMJP 0-2, pg. IV-9A JTF is formed or designated by SECDEF, a CINC or an existing JTF Commander for a specific limited objective and dissolved upon achieving its assigned objectives

  • JTF Employment in PACOMMOOTW / SSC is most likely scenarioShort Duration / Small Scale / No-NoticeJointMultinational / InteragencyChain of Command: NCA--CINC--JTF CommanderUse of JOPES Crisis Action Procedures RequiredBottom Line: Requires Joint Staff employing Joint Processes

  • 13AF

  • Decisions affecting JTF structureAssigned Tasks JTF MissionRequired Capabilities Force OptionsForce Options Component StructureComponent Structure C2 StructureBasing Support StructureStaff StructureForce StructureFactsDecisions

  • Our GoalRapidly plan in a complex settingDevelop a plan which supports national and strategic theater goalsContinuously integrate logistics Orient on the enemys operational center of gravityEfficiently execute a plan based on the commanders conceptAchieve synergy in the employment of all military and inter-agency capabilitiesA JTF that can:

  • JTF Component Structure (Service)CINCCJTFAFFORARFORSimplicity in aTime Compressed EnvironmentCapabilities or functions do not overlapMARFORNAVFORJSOTF

  • JTF Component Structure (Functional)CINCCJTFJP 3-56, Pg III-6Unity of Effort

    Organize by capabilities or functionsJFMCCJFACCJSOTFJFLCCJCMOTFJPOTF

  • Subordinate TF Structure Unity of Effort

    Geographic orMission SpecificTFTRANSTFMEDJSOTFTF EngJCMOTFJPOTFCJTFCINC

  • The Leap to the Operational LevelTACTICAL LEVELMARFORNAVFORJSOTFJPOTFARFORAFFORJTFNCACINCSOPA formidable challengeA leap from the Comfort Zone

  • JTF Staff MissionOperationalLevel FocusConducted by a New StaffCrisis Action PlanningPhase I: Situation Development

    Phase II: Crisis Assessment

    Phase III: COA Development

    Phase IV: COA Selection

    Phase V:Execution Planning

    Phase VI: Execution

  • Component StaffCOMMANDERN/G1N/G2N/G6N/G3N/G5N/G4

  • Forming the Joint StaffPersonnel/J1Intel/J2Ops/J3Log/J4Plans/J5Comms/J6DJTFACJTFDesignated Headquarters Staff OrganizationPSYOPS,Civil Affairs,Legal, Medical,Pol Mil,Etc.SOPsOperationalLevel focus

  • Forming the CTF StaffN/G1/DPN/G2/INN/G3/DON/G4/LGN/G5/XPN/G6/SCDJTFACCTFAC1AC2AC3AC4AC5AC6Other Nation HeadquartersUS HeadquartersSOPsCulturalDynamicsInfrastructureDifferencesCommunicationsTTPsOperationalLevel focusPSYOPS,Civil Affairs,Legal, Medical,Pol Mil,Etc.

  • What the DJTFAC Is:USCINCPAC Staff (21)O-6 Team Chief1xJ11xJ22xJ3(OPS)2xJ3(Plans)3xJ3(IO/CA/PSYOP)2xJ4(Plans/Eng)2xJ5(TPFDD)1xJ5(Pol-Mil)1xJ61xPA1xSJA1xMedUSCINPAC Components PACAF (5)Airlift & Fighter OpsAirlift ManagementLogistics & Ops PlannersUSARPAC (4)Logistics & Ops PlannersTerrain Analysis TmCINPACFLT (2)Logistics & Ops PlannersMARFORPAC (2)Logistics & Ops PlannersJICPAC (6)IAT Officers & NCOsSOCPAC (1)TRAINED---EXPERIENCED---READY TO DEPLOY---WORK FOR THE JTF

  • Other JTF AugmentationPublic affairsJOPESLogistics Readiness Center (LRC), JLCCSOF-CA, PSYOPLegalHost nationLiaisonService componentCoalitionNGO, PVO, OGATRANSCOMDOD agencies (DMA, CIA, etc.)USSPACECOMMedicalPol-Mil POLADJULLS, JAARS (Lessons Learned)Contracting officialEstablish a CMOC (Civil-Military Operations Center)

  • The Result: A JTF StaffCommand Group

    Battle Staff

    Integrated Staff Cells

    Routine Support

    LiaisonCJTFJ1J2J6J3J5J4LIAISONHow Does It Work?

  • The JTF StaffTask Organized to the Specific MissionCapable of Rapid Information ProcessingOrganized for Efficiency Shortened Plan-Decide-Execute Cycle

  • Routine Staff SupportMore Closely Aligned with Normal Staff OrganizationRepresentatives on Integrated CellMore meetings than Bodies: Battle RhythmLinkage to staffs higher and lowerCJTFJ1J2J6J3J5J4LIAISON

  • Command GroupDecision MakersCJTFJ1J2J6J3J5J4LIAISON

  • Battle StaffChief of Staff DirectionBoard of DirectorsStaff Cognizance over Integrated CellsRepresents all Key Battlefield Operating SystemsDeals with Processed DataCJTFJ1J2J6J3J5J4LIAISON

  • Integrated Staff CellsCross Functional RepresentationLNO RepresentationInformation ManagementBattle RhythmPlanning HandoverCJTFJ1J2J6J3J5J4JOINT PLANNING GROUPINFORMATION OPERATIONS CELLJOINT OPERATIONS CENTERTPFDD WORKING GROUPLIAISON

  • Integrated Staff CellsJOINT RECEPTION CENTEREPW MANAGEMENT BOARDJOINT INTERROGATION CELLJOINT COLLECTION BOARDFORCE FIRESJOINT TARGET BOARDCIVIL MILITARY OPS CENTERREAR AREA OPERATIONS CTRJOINT MOVEMENT CONT CTRJOINT FACILITIES UTIL BDJOINT AV LOG SPT BDJOINT MATERIAL PRIORITY ALLOCATION BDOPERATIONAL PLANNING TMPOLITICAL MILITARY GROUPCOMMUNICATIONS COORD CELLRULES OF ENGAGE COMMJOINT DISEASE CONT BDJOINT INFORMATION BUREAUMORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATIONMILITARY COORD CENTERJOPES CELLSECURITY ASSESSMENT TEAMSPECIAL OPS CELLJOINT MEDICAL CONT BDHEALTH SERV SPT BDJOINT VISITORS BUREAUINFORMATION MANAGEMENT CTRJULLS TEAMJOINT MORTUARY AFF BDJOINT CONTRACTING BDFUTURE PLANSJOINT AWARDS BOARDJOINT CAPTURED MATERIAL EXPLOIT CELLFUTURE OPERATIONSCOMBAT OPERATIONS CENTERJOINT MOBILITY AND ENG BDTRNG READINESS COMMJOINT TERRAIN MANAGE BDLOGISTICS READINESS CENTERJOINT PETROLEUM BDJOINT LOG COORD BDJOINT HNS SPT BD

  • LiaisonLiaison higher and lowerLiaisons to JTF staff become key members of Integrated CellsMore meetings than Bodies: Battle RhythmRank/Experience critical: Must be able to speak for the commanderCJTFJ1J2J6J3J5J4LIAISONThey are crucial to success, and you have to pick your best people. They have to have the moxie to stand up in front of a two or four star general, and brief him on what their commander is thinking, their units capabilities, and make their recommendations. LTG Stiner, USACdr, JTF South, Operation Just Cause

  • Joint Task Force Focus Unity of Command and Simplicity remain the key principles to be considered when designing a JTF command architecture. Somalia Operations: Lessons LearnedJan 95, Page 61

  • Command RelationshipsOPCON Authoritative direction for all Military Operations Organize and employ Commands and Forces Assign Command functions to subordinates Establish plans/requirements for intel activity Suspend/reassign subordinate commandersTACON Local direction and control of movements Typical in Functional Command structure

  • Command Relationships ... there should be no mistaking the fact that the greatest obstacles to unity of command during UNOSOM II were imposed by the United States on itself . . . command arrangements had effectively created a condition that allowed no one to set clear, unambiguous priorities in designing and executing a comprehensive force package.Somalia Operations: Lessons Learned Jan 95, Page 60

  • Command Relationships Existing war plans assigned to Commandant, 14th Naval District, the sharing of joint supervisory control over the defense against air attack; working with the army to have their air defense guns emplaced; exercising supervisory control over navy shore based aircraft; and arranging through Commander, Patrol Wing 2 for coordination of the joint air effort.

    Prange, At Dawn We Slept

  • JTF Staff OrganizationCHIEF OF STAFFDEPUTYCJTFJ1J2J3J4J5J6JCCCLRCJMCJOCJSRCJRCJISEPUBLICAFFAIRSJIBCHAP$ COMP $LEGALJVBSURGEONJPGCMOCJTCBRECOMMENDED

  • J-5J-4J-3J-2J-1J-6ChiefofStaffJointCommunicationsControl CenterJointPlanning GroupSub Area PetroleumOfficeLogisticsReadiness CenterFacilitiesUtilization BoardJoint MovementCenterJoint OperationsCenterJoint InformationBureauPublicAffairs

    Joint VisitorsBureauComptrollerLegalAdvisorSurgeonJoint BloodProgram OfficePatient MovementRequirements CenterJoint ReceptionCenterJoint InterrogationFacilityJoint Document ExploitationCenterCapturedMaterial ExploitationCenterJointSearch and Rescue CenterCivil MilitaryOperations CenterJoint TargetingCoordination BoardJoint IntelligenceSupport ElementRecommendedAS RequiredCJTF DeterminesStaff RelationshipJoint MortuaryAffairs OfficeF2C2

  • JFACC ?The JFC will normally designate a JFACC. The JFC will base the decision to designate a JFAC