Je Me Souviens - afgs. Thmue Po.4Xqui.n ... INDEX FOR JE ME SOUVIENS WINTER 1985 . ... 16221 Pime 4i.b de Jean po0son et Bmbe

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  • Je MeSouviensA Publication of the

    American-French Genealogical Society

    Vol IXNo 1

    Summer1986

  • AMERICAN- FRENCH GENEALOGICAL SOCl ETY P.O. Box 2113 Pawbchet, Rhode laLand 0286 1-0 1 13

    O F F I C E R S

    Lucieee Rock [Pres ident ] (401) 769-8079 463 South Main S t . , Woonsocket, R I 02895

    Pad lk&ALe [Vice-President] 552 South Main S t . , Woonsocket, R I 02895

    v a n e DupLainu [Secretary] 75 Avenue C , Woonsocket, R I 02895

    ThULue P o f i q U h [Treasurer] 88 Woodward Ave., Seekonk, MA. 02771

    B O A R D - O F P I R E C T O R S

    Leon h a d i n Lea B u d

    Rogeh BeaudtLy Rachel Gaud&

    Hemy Patradin Jeanne Thebuuje

    Smonne Goaz Janice Bunkhaht

    G i . U u Roch Rev. V e n d Boudtteau

    MEMBERSH IP: Pad DeRinLe

    LIBRARIAN: Janice Bunhhd

    P U B L l C l T Y : Jeanne Thebmge

    RESEARCH: T h m u e Po.4Xqui.n

    EDITOR 0 6 J E ME SOUVIENS: Rev. V e n d Boudtteau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V o h e 7X, Numba 1 - S u m m a 1986 1SSN: 0795-7384 @ A.F.G.S. 1986

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    COIN DE NOS ANCETRES: JEAN POISSON by Rev. Dennis M. Boudreau

    BY ANY OTHER NAME by Irene A. Peloquin

    IMPORTANT NOTICE TO FUTURE CONTRIBUTORS TO J.M.S.

    LINKS IN THE CHAIN OF A FAMILY TREE by John F. Co t e

    BOOK REVIEW: GERARD J. BRAULT'S THE FRENCH-CANADIAN HERITAGE IN N.E.

    by Henri A. Paradis

    BLUE BLOOD by Rev. George Christian & Richard Christian

    THE CHAPDELAINES by Henri Chapdelaine

    RHODE ISLAND GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY

    USEFUL ADDRESSES FOR OUR READERS

    MA., CT., & R.I. VITAL STATISTICS UPDATE by Rev. Dennis M. Boudreau

    QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

    LIBRARIAN'S REPORT

    DONATIONS TO THE LIBRARY

    NEW MEMBERS

    INDEX FOR J E ME SOUVIENS WINTER 1985

  • by Rev. Dennis M. Boudreau

    I f one were t o examine t h e o l d e s t f a m i l i e s i n France, su re ly t h e Poisson family would rank among t h e i r number. Raymond Poisson, t h e ce l eb ra t ed 17th Century comedy poet i s a well-known name from those c l a s s e s dea l ing with French l i t e r a t u r e . For nea r ly a century , Raymond and h i s son, Paul Poisson (1658- 1755), a s we l l as h i s two grandsons, Ph i l i ppe and Fran~ois-Arnould Poisson, prolonged t h e renown of t h e Poisson family i n French t h e a t e r , coming up aga ins t t h e s t i f f competi t ion of ~ o l i z r e , s t i l l perhaps France ' s g r e a t e s t comedy playwright .

    During t h e 17th Century i s l ikewise noted t h e presence of t h e w r i t e r Nicolas-Joseph Poisson of t h e Congregation of t h e Ora to i r e , born i n P a r i s i n 1657, dying t h e r e i n 1710. A s w e l l , t h e Marquise de Pompadour, who f o r twenty y e a r s had t h e good fo r tune of c a p t i v a t i n g King Louis XV of France, was l i kewise a Poisson: Jeanne-Antoinette. Her b r o t h e r , Fran~ois -Abel Poisson, born and d ied i n P a r i s (1727-1781) was named t h e Marquis de Marigny.

    During t h e 1800 ' s, ~ime/on- eni is Poisson acquired a remarkable r e p u t a t i o n a s t h e most knowledgeable person i n t h e a r e a of phys ics and mechanics, whose w r i t i n g s form c l a s s i c works on these s u b j e c t s . With- out a doubt, t h e s e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e Poisson family were r e l a t e d , o r a t l e a s t , sprung from the same common o r i g i n .

    During t h e f i r s t p a r t of t h e 17th Century, t h e Poisson family, t h e family of t h i s s tudy ' s sub jec t , l i v e d i n t h e town of Mortagn,e, then loca t ed i n t h e anc i en t French province of Perche. It was t h e reg ion of Perche t h a t gave t o Canada, we l l over 300

  • of i t s f i r s t c o l o n i s t s . Tucked between Normandy and Maine a t t h a t t i m e , i t p re sen t ly comprises t h e modern departments of Orne and Eure-et-Loir. From anc i en t t imes , Yortagne has been t h e p r i n c i - p a l town of t h e r eg ion , and was Pe rche ' s c a p i t a l c i t y , a p l ace where counts b u i l t t h e i r chateaux and he ld l a r g e domains.

    B u i l t on a mountain and surrounded by deep va l - l e y s , i t was n a t u r a l l y defended i n t h e warr ing p e r i o d s of t h e Middle Ages. Today, i t i s e a s i l y a c c e s s i b l e , a town of s e v e r a l thousand i n h a b i t a n t s , and comrises t h r e e p a r i s h e s : t h a t of Notre-Dame, St-Jean, and Ste-Croix. Notre-Dame, t h e o l d e s t of t h e t h r e e , t r a c e s i t s o r i g i n s t o medieval t i m e s . I ts a c t u a l s t r u c t u r e was begun i n 1494 and was completed i n 1555. The second p a r i s h , St-Jean was begun towards 1600, whi le t h a t of Ste-Croix began i n 1643. It was a t St-Jean Church where our Can- ad i an ances to r , Jean Poisson was bap t i zed , marr ied , and without doubt r e l i g i o u s l y f u l f i l l e d h i s d u t i e s a s a C h r i s t i a n dur ing t h e f i r s t p a r t of h i s l i f e i n France.

    I n consu l t i ng t h e r e g i s t e r s of t h i s second p a r i s h , one f i n d s t h e o r i g i n a l a c t of baptism of our a n c e s t o r , a s we l l a s t h e marr iage of h i s p a r e n t s , t h u s , g iv ing h i s descendants on t h i s c o n t i n e n t , two gene ra t i ons of t h e f a m i l y ' s l i neage back i n France. A huge debt of g r a t i t u d e i s owed t o ere Archange Godbout, OFM, f o r secur ing cop ie s of t h e s e e x t r a c t s from t h e o r i g i n a l r e g i s t e r s which fo l low.

    Le vingt ~ o d i k o e Jaw d lapvvhie "crud [ -Lte] an ( 1 6 1 7 ) lehan P o A ~ o n eA Bahbe ~ U A X toun d u x cf5 C u t e p m [ - o h a e ] ont LtQ/ ~ n p o u n u " .

  • Jehan [ o r Jean] Poisson, t h e f i r s t known ances tor of t h e Canadian Poisson family marr ied a t St-Jean- de-Mortagne, t h e 23rd of Apr i l 1611 t o Barbe Broust , be l ieved t o have been t h e daughter of Jacques Broust of t h e nearby town of L O ~ S ~ . The fol lowing year , i n 1612 t h e i r f i r s t son, Antoine was born, a s t h e p a r i s h r e g i s t e r s r evea l :

    Le & t i h i h e jam aud [--itel mod e,t an [avnie 16 121 AvLtoine &i& cje Jean Poihaon at Babe &OM$ a a t e b a p a 6 . Lu paim [ p a a i m 1 Anthoine Bouvtrq at N i c o h MotLice La matrhaine J u n e ChUZe.

    A s a no te of i n t e r e s t , exemplif ied i n t h i s bap t i s - mal e x t r a c t , it was t h e custom of t h e t imes t o have a double s e t of e i t h e r - two godfa thers o r - two god- mothers. Ce r t a in ly , o the r e x t r a c t s from t h e p a r i s h r e g i s t e r s of St-Jean can cor robora te t h i s f a c t . Exact ly when t h i s custom a rose o r died out has not been determined. But i t was not assuredly t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e shores of Canada. The des t iny of Jean and ~ a r b e ' s f i r s t son, Antoine, i s unknown. A s he e n t e r s h i s t o r y , j u s t a s qu ick ly does he d is - appear.

    I n 1615, a second son was born t o t h e couple.

    Le VLngt puaZ%ikne Jouh dud[-Ltel M o h at an (6evtLieh 161.51 UicheL &i.& de Jean Podaon e;t Bmbe & o ~ t a at6 b a p a 6 . Le pain [ p c ~ ~ a i n ] Uichd Tungeon Le june qui. a nomm6 La niatLaine Caonne ~uomu&.

    Michel Poisson ' s godfa ther , Michel Turgeon Le Jeune, was a lawyer and Sieur de l a Boursiere , and i s be- l i eved t o be t h e b ro the r of Jean Turgeon, t h e hus- band of Sebast ienne L ige r , Canadian ances to r s of

  • t h a t family i n America. The f a c t t h a t t h e Poisson ' s and t h e Turgeon's were r e l a t e d , and i f n o t , then c e r t a i n l y , were c l o s e f r i e n d s , i s p l a i n l y brought ou t i n t h e bapt ismal e x t r a c t of our ances to r , Jean Poisson, t h e t h i r d son of our a n c e s t r a l couple, who was a l s o born a t Mortagne.

    Like t h e e x t r a c t of Antoine Poisson ' s baptism, Michel 's a l s o p o i n t s ou t another express ion , pecul- i a r t o t h e t r a d i t i o n s of t h e t ime, i n t h e words I l q u i a nornd" [who named him/her] . I n t h i s expres- s ion , one s i g n i f i c a n t l y l e a r n s t h a t i t was t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y of t h e godparent t o g ive t h e bap- t i sma l name t o t h e c h i l d , and o f t e n t h e c h i l d was named t h e same a s t h a t of h i s o r her sponsor. This no doubt was an honor t o t h e godparent. The phrase I t q u i a nomm6" is r a r e l y found i n Canadian r e g i s t e r s , and was probably d iscont inued when the popula t ion removed t o North America. This second son, Michel Poisson married i n France t h e 6 th of February 1635 t o C l a i r e Esnaul t of L O ~ S ~ .

    Our ances to r , Jean Poisson [ J r . ] was born a t Mortagne and l ikewise bapt ized a t St-Jean Church. H i s bapt ismal e x t r a c t con ta ins names f a m i l i a r t o those of u s engaged i n Canadian genea logica l re - search .

    Le . t h o h i b e jowl, d ' octobtre aud [ -.Cte] an 7618 Jerm d& de Jean PvAnon eX Embe &ouX a e ~ t z bap;tinZ. l e pantrcLin Jean Guyun qLLi a nomm6 l a rnmaine ~6baA;tienne Ligm.

    Jean ' s sponsors were t h e Canadian ances to r s of t h e prese