Javellana v Sect

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    Today is Tuesday,

    Republic of the PhilippinesSUPREME COURT

    Manila

    EN BN!

    G.R. No. L-36142 March 31, 1973

    JOSUE JAVELLANA, petitione",#s$TE E!ECUT"VE SECRETAR#, TE SECRETAR# O$ NAT"ONAL %E$ENSE, TE SECRETAR# O$ JAN% TE SECRETAR# O$ $"NANCE, "espondents$

    G.R. No. L-36164 March 31, 1973

    V"%AL TAN, J. ANTON"O ARANETA, ALEJAN%RO ROCES, MANUEL CRU%O, ANTON"O U. M"RAN%A%E PERALTA AN% LOREN&O M. TA'A%A, petitione"s,#s$TE E!ECUT"VE SECRETAR#, TE SECRETAR# O$ $"NANCE , TE SECRETAR# O$ JUST"CE, T

    SECRETAR# O$ LAN% RE$ORM, TE SECRETAR# O$ NAT"ONAL %E$ENSE, TE AU%"TOR GENE(U%GET COMM"SS"ONER, TE CA"RMAN O$ PRES"%ENT"AL COMM"SS"ON ON REORGAN"&AT"OTREASURER O$ TE P"L"PP"NES, TE COMM"SS"ON ON ELECT"ONS AN% TE COMM"SS"ONERSERV"CE, "espondents$

    G.R. No. L-3616) March 31, 1973.

    GERAR%O RO!AS, AM(ROS"O PA%"LLA, JOV"TO R. SALONGA, SALVA%OR . LAUREL, RAMON VJR. a*+ EVA ESTRA%A-ALA, petitione"s,#s$ALEJAN%RO MELCOR, * h/ ca0ac a/ Ec5 Scrar JUAN PONCE ENR"LE, * h/ ca0aScrar o8 Nao*a %8*/ G*ra ROMEO ESP"NO, * h/ ca0ac a/ Ch8 o8 Sa88 o8 h Ar:

    $orc/ o8 h Ph00*/ TANC"O E. CASTA'E%A, * h/ ca0ac a/ Scrar G*ra Src/ G"L J. PU#AT, * h/ ca0ac a/ Pr/+* o8 h S*a a*+ S*aor JOSE RO#, h/ ca0ac, a/ PPro T:0or o8 h o8 h S*a, "espondents$

    G.R. No. L-36236 March 31, 1973

    E%%"E (. MONTECLARO, ;0r/o*a a*+ * h/ ca0ac a/ Pr/+* o8 h Nao*a Pr// C5< oPh00*/=, petitione",#s$TE E!ECUT"VE SECRETAR#, TE SECRETAR# O$ PU(L"C "N$ORMAT"ON, TE AU%"TOR GENER

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    (U%GET COMM"SS"ONER > TE NAT"ONAL TREASURER, "espondents$

    G.R. No. L-362?3 March 31, 1973

    NAPOLEON V. %"LAG, AL$RE%O SALAPANTAN, JR., LEONAR%O ASO%"SEN, JR., a*+ RAUL M.GON&ALE&,petitione"s,#s$

    TE ONORA(LE E!ECUT"VE SECRETAR#, TE ONORA(LE SECRETAR# O$ NAT"ONAL %E$EONORA(LE (U%GET COMM"SS"ONER, TE ONORA(LE AU%"TOR GENERAL, "espondents$

    Ramon A. Gonzales for petitioner Josue Javellana.

    Lorenzo M. Taada and Associates for petitioners Vidal Tan, et al.

    Taada, Salonga, rdoez, Rodrigo, Sanidad, Ro!as. Gonzales and Arro"o for petitioners Gerardo Ro!as

    Jo#er $. Arro"o and Rogelio %. $adilla for petitioner &ddie Monteclaro.

    Raul M. Gonzales and Associates for petitioners 'apoleon V. (ilag, et al.

    Arturo M. Tolentino for respondents Gil J. $u"at and Jose Ro".

    ffice of t)e Solicitor General &stelito $. Mendoza, Solicitor Vicente V. Mendoza and Solicitor Re"nato S. ot)er respondents.

    R E % & ' ( T ) & N

    CONCEPC"ON, C.J.:

    The abo#e*entitled fi#e +- cases a"e a se.uel of cases /$R$ Nos$ '*2, '*40, '*41, '*42, '*4, '*, '*61, '*'*3, decided on Janua"y 22, 13, to hich 5e ill he"eafte" "efe" collecti#ely as the plebiscite case

    %ac#ground of t)e $le*iscite +ases.

    The factual settin the"eof is set fo"th in the decision the"ein "ende"ed, f"o7 hich 5e .uote8

    &n Ma"ch 16, 163, !on"ess of the Philippines passed Resolution No$ 2, hich as aResolution No$ 4 of said body, adopted on June 13, 16, callin a !on#ention a7end7ents to the !onstitution of the Philippines$ %aid Resolution No$ 2, as a7

    i7ple7ented by Republic ct No$ 612, app"o#ed on uust 24, 130, pu"suant to the phich the election of deleates to said !on#ention as held on No#e7be" 10, 130, a!onstitutional !on#ention bean to pe"fo"7 its functions on June 1, 131$ 5hile the !onin session on %epte7be" 21, 132, the P"esident issued P"ocla7ation No$ 101 placinPhilippines unde" Ma"tial 'a$ &n No#e7be" 2, 132, the !on#ention app"o#ed it!onstitution of the Republic of the Philippines$ The ne9t day, No#e7be" 0, 132, the P"ePhilippines issued P"esidential :ec"ee No$ 3, ;sub7ittin to the

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    %oon afte", o" on :ece7be" 3, 132, !ha"ito Planas filed, ith this !ou"t, !ase /$R$ Naainst the !o77ission on Elections, the T"easu"e" of the Philippines and the udito" en=oin said ;"espondents o" thei" aents f"o7 i7ple7entin P"esidential :ec"ee No7anne", until fu"the" o"de"s of the !ou"t,; upon the "ounds,inter alia, that said P"esiden;has no fo"ce and effect as la because the callin $$$ of such plebiscite, the settin of the conduct of the sa7e, the p"esc"iption of the ballots to be used and the .uestion to bby the #ote"s, and the app"op"iation of public funds fo" the pu"pose, a"e, by the !onstitu

    e9clusi#ely in !on"ess $$$,; and ;the"e is no p"ope" sub7ission to the people of sai!onstitution set fo" Janua"y 1, 13, the"e bein no f"eedo7 of speech, p"ess and assthe"e bein no sufficient ti7e to info"7 the people of the contents the"eof$;

    %ubstantially identical actions e"e filed, on :ece7be" , 132, by Pablo !$ %anidad !o77ission on Elections +!ase /$R$ No$ '* 2- on :ece7be" 11, 132, by /e"a"do Raainst the !o77ission on Elections, the :i"ecto" of P"intin, the National T"easu"e" and/ene"al +!ase /$R$ '*40-, by Eddie B$ Montecla"o aainst the !o77ission on ElectT"easu"e" of the Philippines +!ase /$R$ No$ '*41-, and by %edf"ey &"do>e?, et al$ National T"easu"e" and the !o77ission on Elections +!ase /$R$ No$ '*[email protected] on :e132, by Aidal Tan, et al$, aainst the !o77ission on Elections, the T"easu"e" of the Phiudito" /ene"al and the :i"ecto" of P"intin +!ase /$R$ No$ '*4- and by Jose 5$Benino %$ .uino aainst the !o77ission on Elections +!ase /$R$ No$ '*[email protected] on :e

    132, by Jacinto Ji7ene? aainst the !o77ission on Elections, the udito" /ene"al, the Tthe Philippines and the :i"ecto" of the Bu"eau of P"intin +!ase /$R$ No$ '*61-, and/on?ales aainst the !o77ission on Elections, the Budet !o77issione", the Nationaand the udito" /ene"al +!ase /$R$ No$ '*[email protected] and on :ece7be" 16, 132, by E"nestoaainst the !o77ission on Elections, the %ec"eta"y of Education, the National T"easuudito" /ene"al +!ase /$R$ No$ '*3-$

    )n all these cases, e9cept the last +/$R$ No$ '*3-, the "espondents e"e "e.ui"edanse"s ;not late" than 12800 +oDcloc- noon of %atu"day, :ece7be" 16, 132$; %aid calso, set fo" hea"in and pa"tly hea"d on Monday, :ece7be" 1, 132, at 80 a$7$ The continued on :ece7be" 1, 132$ By a"ee7ent of the pa"ties, the afo"e7entioned last cNo$ '*3 as, also, hea"d, =ointly ith the othe"s, on :ece7be" 1, 132$ t the c

    the hea"in, on that date, the pa"ties in all of the afo"e7entioned cases e"e i#en a shti7e ithin hich ;to sub7it thei" notes on the points they desi"e to st"ess$; %aid notes diffe"ent dates, beteen :ece7be" 21, 132, and Janua"y 4, 13$

    Meanhile, o" on :ece7be" 13, 132, the P"esident had issued an o"de" te7po"a"ily suseffects of P"ocla7ation No$ 101, fo" the pu"pose of f"ee and open debate on th!onstitution$ &n :ece7be" 2, the P"esident announced the postpone7ent of the plebi"atification o" "e=ection of the P"oposed !onstitution$ No fo"7al action to this effect aJanua"y 3, 13, hen /ene"al &"de" No$ 20 as issued, di"ectin ;that the plebiscite sbe held on Janua"y 1, 13, be postponed until fu"the" notice$; %aid /ene"al &"7o"eo#e", ;suspended in the 7eanti7e; the ;o"de" of :ece7be" 13, 132, te7po"a"ily the effects of P"ocla7ation No$ 101 fo" pu"poses of f"ee and open debate on th!onstitution$;

    )n #ie of these e#ents "elati#e to the postpone7ent of the afo"e7entioned plebiscitedee7ed it fit to "ef"ain, fo" the ti7e bein, f"o7 decidin the afo"e7entioned cases, fo"date no" the conditions unde" hich said plebiscite ould be held e"e non o" announcThen, aain, !on"ess as, pu"suant to the 1 !onstitution, scheduled to 7eet in "eon Janua"y 22, 13, and since the 7ain ob=ection to P"esidential :ec"ee No$ 3 P"esident does not ha#e the leislati#e autho"ity to call a plebiscite and app"op"iate funhich !on"ess un.uestionably could do, pa"ticula"ly in #ie of the fo"7al postponeplebiscite by the P"esident "epo"tedly afte" consultation ith, a7on othe"s, the!on"ess and the !o77ission on Elections the !ou"t dee7ed it 7o"e i7pe"ati#e to d

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    action on these cases$

    ;)n the afte"noon of Janua"y 12, 13, the petitione"s in !ase '*4 filed an ;u"ent 7otion,; p"ayin that said case be decided ;as soon as possiblenot late" than Janua"y 1, 13$; )t as alleed in said 7otion,inter alia8

    ;6$ That the P"esident subse.uently announced the issuance of P"esidential :ec

    o"ani?in the so*called !iti?ens sse7blies, to be consulted on ce"tain public .uestioToday, Janua"y 1, [email protected]

    ;3$ That the"eafte" it as late" announced that ;the sse7blies ill be ased if they fa#o

    F1G The Ne %[email protected]

    F2G Refo"7s instituted unde" Ma"tial '[email protected]

    FG The holdin of a plebiscite on the p"oposed ne !onstitution andtentati#e ne dates i#en folloin the postpone7ent of the plebisci

    o"iinal date of Janua"y 1 a"e

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    government-FBulletin Today, Janua"y 10, [email protected] e7phasis an additional .u

    ;11$ That on Janua"y 11, 13, it as "epo"ted that si9 +6- 7o"e .uestions ould be sub7so*called !iti?ens sse7blies8

    F1G :o you app"o#e of the citi?ens asse7blies as the base of popula" o#decide issues of national inte"estsH

    F2G (o "ou approve of t)e ne +onstitution-

    FG :o you ant a plebiscite to be called to "atify the ne !onstitutionH

    F4G :o you ant the elections to be held in No#e7be", 13 in acco"danp"o#isions of the 1 !onstitutionH

    FG )f the elections ould not be held, hen do you ant the ne9t eleccalledH

    F6G :o you ant 7a"tial la to continueH FBulletin Today, Janua"y 11, 13

    suppliedG

    ;12$ That acco"din to "epo"ts, the "etu"ns ith "espect to the si9 +6- additional .uestabo#e ill be on a fo"7 si7ila" o" identical to nne9 ;; he"[email protected]

    ;1$ That attached to pae 1 of nne9 ;; is anothe" pae, hich e 7a"ed as nnehich "eads8

    !&MMENT% &N

    I(E%T)&N No$ 1

    )n o"de" to b"oaden the base of citi?ensD pa"ticipation in o

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