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Is There a Link Between Liraglutide and Pancreatitis? A Post Hoc Review of Pooled and Patient-Level Data From Completed Liraglutide Type 2 Diabetes Clinical

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  • Is There a Link Between Liraglutide and Pancreatitis? A Post Hoc Review of Pooled and Patient-Level Data From Completed Liraglutide Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials Featured Article: Troels M. Jensen, Kishore Saha, and William M. Steinberg Diabetes Care Volume 38: 1058-1066 June, 2015
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  • STUDY OBJECTIVE To report the incidence of pancreatitis in type 2 diabetes trials of liraglutide To report the details of pancreatitis cases Jensen T. M. et al. Diabetes Care 2015;38:1058-1066
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  • STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Data were pooled from Novo Nordisksponsored trials with liraglutide completed by 19 April 2013 All pancreatitis cases were reviewed Jensen T. M. et al. Diabetes Care 2015;38:1058-1066
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  • RESULTS Exposure to liraglutide and active comparators was 5,021 and 1,354 patient-years, respectively Eight cases were found of acute pancreatitis (AP) with liraglutide and one with any comparator (glimepiride) Incidence of AP: 1.6 cases/1,000 patient-years exposure (PYE) for liraglutide 0.7 cases/1,000 PYE for total active comparators Jensen T. M. et al. Diabetes Care 2015;38:1058-1066
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  • RESULTS One of the eight AP cases reported with liraglutide did not meet diagnostic criteria for AP In six of eight cases, recognized risk factors for AP were present and/or the onset of AP occurred >6 months after liraglutide initiation Four cases of chronic pancreatitis (CP) with liraglutide and none with comparators were found Jensen T. M. et al. Diabetes Care 2015;38:1058-1066
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  • CONCLUSIONS Incidences of reported AP and CP were numerically greater with liraglutide than with comparators Not all cases fullled diagnostic criteria Confounding variables were present in 75% of the AP cases with liraglutide therapy Jensen T. M. et al. Diabetes Care 2015;38:1058-1066
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