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Investigatory Powers Bill - · PDF fileHL Bill 40–EN 56/2 INVESTIGATORY POWERS BILL EXPLANATORY NOTES What these notes do These Explanatory Notes relate to the Investigatory Powers

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Text of Investigatory Powers Bill - · PDF fileHL Bill 40–EN 56/2 INVESTIGATORY POWERS BILL...

  • HLBill40EN 56/2

    INVESTIGATORY POWERS BILL EXPLANATORY NOTES

    What these notes do TheseExplanatoryNotesrelatetotheInvestigatory PowersBillasbroughtfromtheHouseofCommonson8June2016(HLBill40).

    TheseExplanatoryNoteshavebeenproducedbytheHomeOfficeinordertoassistthereaderoftheBillandtohelpinformdebateonit.TheydonotformpartoftheBillandhavenotbeenendorsedbyParliament.

    TheseExplanatoryNotes explainwhat eachpart of theBillwillmean inpractice;providebackgroundinformationonthedevelopmentofpolicy;andprovideadditionalinformationonhowtheBillwillaffectexistinglegislationinthisarea.

    TheseExplanatoryNotesmight best be read alongside theBill.They are not, and are notintendedtobe,acomprehensivedescriptionoftheBill.

  • TheseExplanatoryNotesrelatetotheInvestigatoryPowersBillasbroughtfromtheHouseofCommonson8June2016(HLBill40)

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    Table of Contents

    Subject PageoftheseNotes

    OverviewoftheBill 7

    Policybackground 7

    Legalbackground 10Europeanlaw 11

    Territorialextentandapplication 12

    CommentaryonprovisionsofBill 13

    Part1:GeneralPrivacyProtections 13Clause1:OverviewoftheAct 13Clause2:Generaldutiesinrelationtoprivacy 13Clause3:Offenceofunlawfulinterception 13Clause4:Definitionofinterceptionetc. 14Clause5:Conductthatisnotinterception 14Clause6:Definitionoflawfulauthority 14Clause7:Monetarypenaltiesforcertainunlawfulinterceptions 14

    Schedule1:MonetaryPenaltyNotices 15Clause8:Civilliabilityforcertainunlawfulinterceptions 15Clause9:Restrictionsonrequestinginterceptionbyoverseasauthorities 15Clause10:Restrictiononrequestingassistanceundermutualassistanceagreementsetc. 15Clause11:Offenceofunlawfullyobtainingcommunicationsdata 15Clause12:Abolitionorrestrictionofcertainpowerstoobtaincommunicationsdata 16

    Schedule2:Abolitionofdisclosurepowers 16Clause13:Mandatoryuseofequipmentinterferencewarrants 16Clause14:Restrictiononuseofsection93ofthePoliceAct1997 17

    Part2:Lawfulinterceptionofcommunications 17Chapter1:Interceptionandexaminationwithawarrant 17

    Clause15:WarrantsthatmaybeissuedunderthisChapter 17Clause16:Obtainingsecondarydata 18Clause17:Subjectmatterofwarrants 18Clause18:Personswhomayapplyforissueofawarrant 18Clause19:PowerofSecretaryofStatetoissuewarrants 19Clause20:GroundsonwhichwarrantsmaybeissuedbySecretaryofState 19Clause21:PowerofScottishMinisterstoissuewarrants 19Clause22:"RelevantScottishapplications" 19Clause23:ApprovalofwarrantsbyJudicialCommissioners 19Clause24:Approvalofwarrantsissuedinurgentcases 20Clause25:Failuretoapprovewarrantissuedinurgentcase 20Clause26:MembersofParliamentetc. 20Clause27:Itemssubjecttolegalprivilege 20Clause28:DecisionstoissuewarrantstobetakenpersonallybyMinisters 21Clause29:Requirementsthatmustbemetbywarrants 21

  • TheseExplanatoryNotesrelatetotheInvestigatoryPowersBillasbroughtfromtheHouseofCommonson8June2016(HLBill40)

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    Clause30:Durationofwarrants 21Clause31:Renewalofwarrants 21Clause32:Modificationofwarrants 21Clause33:Personswhomaymakemodifications 22Clause34:Furtherprovisionaboutmodifications 22Clause35:Notificationofmajormodifications 22Clause36:Approvalofmajormodificationsmadeinurgentcases 22Clause37:Cancellationofwarrants 22Clause38Specialrulesforcertainmutualassistancewarrants 23Clause39:Implementationofwarrants 23Clause40:Serviceofwarrants 23Clause41:Dutyofoperatorstoassistwithimplementation 23

    Chapter2:Otherformsoflawfulinterception 23Clause42:Interceptionwiththeconsentofthesenderorrecipient 23Clause43:Interceptionbyprovidersofpostalortelecommunicationservices 24Clause44:Interceptionbybusinessesetc.formonitoringandrecordkeepingpurposes 24Clause45:Postalservices:interceptionforenforcementpurposes 24Clause46:InterceptionbyOFCOMinconnectionwithwirelesstelegraphy 24Clause47:Interceptioninprisons 25Clause83:Interceptioninpsychiatrichospitalsetc. 25Clause49:Interceptioninimmigrationdetentionfacilities 25Clause50:Interceptioninaccordancewithoverseasrequests 25

    Chapter3:Otherprovisionsaboutinterception 25Clause51:Safeguardsrelatingtoretentionanddisclosureofmaterial 25Clause52:Safeguardsrelatingtodisclosureofinformationoverseas 25Clause53:Exclusionofmattersfromlegalproceedings 25

    Schedule3:Exceptionstosection53 26Clause54:Dutynottomakeunauthoriseddisclosures 27Clause55:Section54:meaningofexcepteddisclosure 27Clause56:Offenceofmakingunauthoriseddisclosures 27Clause57:Part2:interpretation 28

    Part3:Authorisationsforobtainingcommunicationsdata 28Clause58:Powertograntauthorisations 28Clause59:Additionalrestrictionsongrantofauthorisations 28Clause60:Procedureforauthorisationsandauthorisednotices 29Clause61:Durationandcancellationofauthorisationsandnotices 29Clause62:Dutiesoftelecommunicationsoperatorsinrelationtoauthorisations 30Clause63:Filteringarrangementsforobtainingdata 30Clause64:Useoffilteringarrangementsinpursuanceofanauthorisation 31Clause65:Dutiesinconnectionwithoperationoffilteringarrangements 31Clause66:Relevantpublicauthoritiesanddesignatedseniorofficers 32

    Schedule4:Relevantpublicauthorities 33Clause67:Powertomodifysection66andSchedule4 33Clause68:Certainregulationsundersection67:supplementary 33Clause69:Localauthoritiesasrelevantpublicauthorities 34Clause70:Requirementtobepartytocollaborationagreement 34Clause71:Judicialapprovalforlocalauthorityauthorisations 34Clause72:Useofasinglepointofcontact 34Clause73:Commissionerapprovalforauthorisationstoidentifyorconfirmjournalisticsources 35Clauses74and75:Collaborationagreements 35Clause76:Policecollaborationagreements 35Clause77:LawfulnessofconductauthorisedbythisPart 35Clause78:Offenceofmakingunauthoriseddisclosure 36Clause79:Certaintransferandagencyarrangementswithpublicauthorities 36

  • TheseExplanatoryNotesrelatetotheInvestigatoryPowersBillasbroughtfromtheHouseofCommonson8June2016(HLBill40)

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    Schedule5:Transferandagencyarrangementswithpublicauthorities:furtherprovisions 36Clause80:ApplicationsofPart3topostaloperatorsandpostalservices 36Clause81:ExtraterritorialapplicationofPart3 37Clause82:Part3:interpretation 37

    Part4:Retentionofcommunicationsdata 37Clause83:Powerstorequireretentionofcertaindata 37Clause84:Matterstobetakenintoaccountbeforegivingretentionnotices 37Clause85:ReviewbytheSecretaryofState 38Clause86:Dataintegrityandsecurity 38Clause87:Disclosureofretaineddata 38Clause88:Variationorrevocationofnotices 38Clause89:Enforcementofnoticesandcertainotherrequirementsandrestrictions 38Clause90:ApplicationofPart4topostaloperatorsandpostalservices 38Clause91:ExtraterritorialapplicationofPart4 38Clause92:Part4:interpretation 39

    Part5:Equipmentinterference 39Clause93:WarrantsunderthisPart:general 39Clause94:Meaningofequipmentdata 39Clause95:Subjectmatterofwarrants 40Clause96:Powertoissuewarrantstointelligenceservices:theSecretaryofState 40Clause97:Powertoissuewarrantstointelligenceservices:theScottishMinisters 41Clause98:PowertoissuewarrantstotheChiefofDefenceIntelligence 41Clause99:Decisiontoissuewarrantsundersections96to98betakenpersonallybyMinisters 41Clause100:Powertoissuewarrantstolawenforcementofficers 41

    Schedule6:Issueofwarrantsundersection100etc:table 42Clause101:Restrictiononissueofwarrantstocertainlawenforcementofficers 42Clause102:ApprovalofwarrantsbyJudicialCommissioners 43Clause103:Approvalofwarrantsissuedinurgentcases 43Clause104:Failuretoapprovewarrantissuedinurgentcase 43Clause105:MembersofParliamentetc. 44Clause106:Itemssubjecttolegalprivilege 44Clause107:Requirementswhichmustbemetbywarrants 44Clause108:Durationofwarrants 45Clause109:Renewalofwarrants 45Clause110:ModificationsofwarrantsissuedbytheSecretaryofStateorScottishMinisters 45Clause111:Personswhomaymakemodificationsundersection110 45Clause112:Furtherprovisionaboutmodificationsundersection110 45Clause114:Approvalofmodificationsundersection110madeinurgentcases 46Clause115:Modificationofwarrantsissuedbylawenforcementchiefs 46Clause116:Approvalofmodificationsundersection115inurgentcases 47Clause117:Cancellationofwarrants 47Clause118:Implementationofwarrants 47Clause119:Serviceofwarrants 47Clause120:Dutyoftelecommunicationsoperatorstoassistwithimplementation 47Clause121:Safeguardsrelatingtoretentionanddisclosureofmaterial 48Clause122:Safeguardsrelatingtodisclosureofmaterialoverseas 48Clause123:Dutynottomakeunauthoriseddisclosures 48Clause124:Section123:meaningofexcepteddisclosure 48Clause125:Offenceofmakingunauthoriseddisclosure 48Clause126:Part5:Interpretation 48

    Part6:Bulkwarrants 49Chapter1:Bulkinterceptionwarrants 49

    Clause127:Bulkinterceptionwarrants 49

  • TheseExplanatoryNotesrelatetotheInvestigatoryPowersBillasbroughtfromtheHouseofCommonson8June2016(HLBill40)

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    Clause128:Obtainingsecondarydata 49Clause129:Powertoissuebulkinterceptionwarrants 50Clause130:Additionalrequirementsinrespectofwarrantsaffectingoverseasoperators 50Clause131:ApprovalofwarrantsbyJudicialCommissioners 50Clause132:DecisionstoissuewarrantstobetakenpersonallybySecretaryofState 51Clause133:Requirementsthatmustbemetbywarrants 51Clause134:Durationofwarrants 51Clause135:Renewalofwarrants 51Clause136:Modificationofwarrants 52Clause137:Approvalofmajormodificationsmadeinurgentcases 52Clause138:Cancellationofwarrants 52Clause139:Implementationofwarrants 52Clause140:Safeguardsrelatingtoretentionanddisclosureofmaterial 53Clause141:Safeguardsrelatingtodisclosureofmaterialoverseas 53Clause142:Safeguardsrelatingtoexaminationofmaterial 53Clause143:Additionalsafeguardsforitemssubjecttolegalprivilege 54Clause144:Applicationofotherrestrictionsinrelationtowarrants 54Clause145:Chapter1:interpretation 54

    Chapter2:Bulkacquisitionwarrants 54Clause146:Powertoissuebulkacquisitionwarrants 54Clause147:ApprovalofwarrantsbyJudicialCommissioners 55Clause148:DecisionstoissuewarrantstobetakenpersonallybySecretaryofState 55Clause149:Requirementsthatmustbemetbywarrants 55Clause150:Durationofwarrants 55Clause151:Renewalofwarrants 56Clause152:Modificationofwarrants 56

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