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INVESTASI DAN PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH

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Slide 1Hendri Saparini, Ph.D [email protected]
Pertumbuhan Stabil dan Tertinggi Ke 3 dan GDP No. 16 Dunia
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South…
United…
Argentina
Turkey
Indonesia
Korea
Mexico
Australia
India
Canada
Italy
Russia
Brazil
United…
France
Germany
Japan
China
United…
Berpotensi menjadi salah satu production base dunia
Ranking Product Exported Value
(bill. US$) Share Export
2 Petroleum gases 20.52 10.8 5 5
3 Palm oil & its fraction 17.60 9.3 46 1
4 Crude petroleum oils 12.29 6.5 1 23
5 Natural rubber 7.86 4.1 22 3
6 Copper ores and concentrates
2.59 1.4 5 5
13 Plywood 2.01 1.1 14 2
Total 10 94.07 49.5
MP3EI: Enam Koridor Ekonomi
Mega economic centers
Economic centers
Sumatera Corridor: “Center for Production and Processing of Natural Resources and As Nation’s Energy Reserves”
Kalimantan Corridor: “Center for Production and Processing of National Mining and Energy Reserves”
Sulawesi Corridor: “Center for Production and Processing of National Agricultural, Plantation, Fishery, Oil & Gas, and Mining”
Papua – Maluku Islands Corridor: “Center for Development of Food, Fishery, Energy and National Mining”
Java Corridor: “Driver for National Industry and Service Provision”
Bali – Nusa Tenggara Corridor: “Gateway for Tourism and National Food Support”
PMA Primer dan Sekunder Akan Tumbuh Lebih Tinggi
Indonesia tujuan investasi utama
Promising Countries For Japanese
business expansion
position 4 to 3 as a prime investment
destination 2014-2016
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
R IB
U O
R A
N G
TR IL
IU N
R U
P IA
Industri Manufaktur
Lainnya 4% Pertanian
Industri Manufaktur
33% Industri
.........ketergantungan tinggi pada impor
Sumber: BI
M ili
ar U
Struktur Impor: 70% Bahan Baku dan Penolong
Ketergantungan harus diselesaikan dengan membangun supporting industri
textiles
other transport equipment
basic metals
electrical equipment
wearing apparel
pharmaceutical products
Defisit neraca minyak, pendapatan dan jasa, akibat permasalahan
struktural
Integration
(10)
(5)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Milyar US$
Singapura
Thailand
Malaysia
Vietnam
Filipina
INDONESIA
Non-Migas
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
US$ Milyar
Indonesia hanya tinggal mengandalkan strategi Non-Tariff Barriers
kerjasama ekonomi yang agresif, mengakibatkan
penurunan Import Tariff yang tanpa strategi
India (2013)
Brazil (2011)
China (2011)
Russia (2013)
Indonesia (2011)
Agricultural 43.3 11.2 22.6 23.4 13.6
Industrial 11.8 12.3 11.2 9.2 4.2
Neraca Perdagangan Indonesia-China
Export
Import
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
M ili
ar U
Export
Import
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
M ili
ar U
5
10
15
20
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
M ili
ar U
Aceh Bengkulu
DKI Jakarta
Jawa Barat
Gorontalo
P o
ve rt
Kesenjangan Melebar Kelas menengah baru pesat, kemiskinan masih sangat tinggi
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81
93
134
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40
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M al u ku
P ap
u a
penyelesaian masalah struktural