Invasive Plant Management on Military Installations 3 Success Stories.

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    31-Mar-2015

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Slide 2 Invasive Plant Management on Military Installations 3 Success Stories Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Arnold Air Force Base, TN Arnold Air Force Base, TN Parris Island USMC, South Carolina Parris Island USMC, South Carolina Fort Detrick USAG, Maryland Fort Detrick USAG, Maryland Slide 17 Integrated Pest Management Slide 18 Various Herbicide Application Methods Cut stump Cut stump High volume foliar High volume foliar Low volume foliar Low volume foliar Basal bark Basal bark Girdling Girdling Others Others Slide 19 www.arnold.af.mil Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Steven T Manning 615-969-1309 Invasive Plant Control, Inc. Slide 26 Japanese Stilt Grass Microstegium vimineum Slide 27 Kudzu Pueraria montana Native of Asia Native of Asia Covers 14,000,000 acres in the south Covers 14,000,000 acres in the south May grow 60 feet per year May grow 60 feet per year Slide 28 Slide 29 Slide 30 Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34 Bicolor Lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Slide 35 Slide 36 Slide 37 Slide 38 Before Treatment After Treatment Slide 39 Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellata Native of China & Japan Native of China & Japan Classified as a top 3 most difficult to control Classified as a top 3 most difficult to control Thorns Thorns Growth pattern Growth pattern Shiny silver back of leaf makes identification easy Shiny silver back of leaf makes identification easy Slide 40 Autumn Olive in Tullahoma, TN Arnold Air Force Base Slide 41 Slide 42 Slide 43 Slide 44 Slide 45 Slide 46 AEDC To Date 5 Years of contracting 5 Years of contracting Primary targets are now under control Primary targets are now under control Primary species controlled Primary species controlled Lespedezas Lespedezas Kudzu Kudzu Chinese privet Chinese privet Garlic mustard Garlic mustard Autumn Olive Autumn Olive Fescue Fescue Slide 47 Slide 48 Slide 49 Management Plan Development Mapping Slide 50 Slide 51 Slide 52 Slide 53 Slide 54 Unit 5 Slide 55 China Berry Melia azedarach L Can out compete forest crops as seen below on the base Can out compete forest crops as seen below on the base Priority 2 Slide 56 Slide 57 Slide 58 Chinese tallow Sapium sebiferum Can out compete forest crops as seen below on the base Can out compete forest crops as seen below on the base Priority 1 Slide 59 Slide 60 Disturbances such as logging create the perfect growth scenario for Chinese Tallow Tree Slide 61 Slide 62 Slide 63 Slide 64 Slide 65 Slide 66 Tamarisk Imperata cylindrica Tamarisk Imperata cylindrica Patches located along roadsides are beginning to invade natural areas and wetlands Patches located along roadsides are beginning to invade natural areas and wetlands Priority 2 Priority 2 Priority 2 Slide 67 Tamarisk growing in the western US--Normal Slide 68 Tamarisk growing in the eastern US????? Slide 69 Slide 70 Parris Island To Date Mapping and Management Plan Complete Mapping and Management Plan Complete 2003 treatment of Chinese Tallow and Chinaberry complete 2003 treatment of Chinese Tallow and Chinaberry complete Maintenance of treated sites is underway internally Maintenance of treated sites is underway internally Slide 71 Frederick Maryland Slide 72 Slide 73 Slide 74 Privet Ligustrum species Slide 75 Slide 76 Slide 77 Slide 78 Slide 79 Slide 80 Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima Native of China Native of China Introduced in late 1700s Introduced in late 1700s Exudes a foul odor when crushed Exudes a foul odor when crushed Can grow 8 feet in the 1st year Can grow 8 feet in the 1st year Allelopathic Allelopathic Mature trees can reach 80 feet or more in height Mature trees can reach 80 feet or more in height Slide 81 Slide 82 SUMACAilanthus Slide 83 Slide 84 Steven T Manning 615-969-1309 Invasive Plant Control, Inc. Slide 85 Girdling/Treating & Basal Bark Treating Benefits Benefits Wildlife Wildlife Significantly reduces control costs Significantly reduces control costs Slide 86 Slide 87 Slide 88 Slide 89 Slide 90 Slide 91 Multi-Flora Rose Rosa multiflora Introduced from Japan, Korea, eastern China in 1886 as an ornamental Introduced from Japan, Korea, eastern China in 1886 as an ornamental 1930s promoted as a living fence 1930s promoted as a living fence Medium sized shrub is capable of producing 500,000-1,000,000 seeds Medium sized shrub is capable of producing 500,000-1,000,000 seeds Multiflora rose was introduced from Japan, Korea, and eastern China in 1886 as rootstock for ornamental roses Multiflora rose was introduced from Japan, Korea, and eastern China in 1886 as rootstock for ornamental roses Slide 92 grows to (13 ft) Slide 93 Slide 94 NATIVE RANGE: India to Eastern Asia, China and the Islands from Japan to the Phillipines NATIVE RANGE: India to Eastern Asia, China and the Islands from Japan to the Phillipines Also called Devils Tail Also called Devils Tail Annual Annual Overtops Vegetation Overtops Vegetation Negative aspects for forestry and Christmas Tree operations Negative aspects for forestry and Christmas Tree operations Mile a Minute Vine Polygonum perfoliatum Slide 95 Slide 96 Slide 97 Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Native of Nagasaki area of Japan Native of Nagasaki area of Japan Found on forest edges & fence rows Found on forest edges & fence rows Creeping vine & fragrant flowers Creeping vine & fragrant flowers May girdle or over-top vegetation May girdle or over-top vegetation Slide 98 Slide 99 Slide 100 English Ivy Hedera helix L Ginseng family Ginseng family Vines attach to the bark of trees, brickwork, and other surfaces by way of numerous, small rootlike structures Vines attach to the bark of trees, brickwork, and other surfaces by way of numerous, small rootlike structures Many recognized leaf forms Many recognized leaf forms Introduced to the US by European immigrants Introduced to the US by European immigrants Slide 101 Slide 102 Slide 103 Slide 104 Musk and CanadaThistles Slide 105 Slide 106 Slide 107 Before After Slide 108 Before and After Transline and Nu-Film Slide 109 Slide 110 Slide 111 Slide 112 Slide 113 Invasion on New Tree Plantings Slide 114 Fort Detrick Conclusions Developed a management plan Developed a management plan Prioritized control sites Prioritized control sites Implemented control methods Implemented control methods Maintain previously treated sites Maintain previously treated sites Slide 115 Slide 116 Slide 117

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