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ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME Lydiah Chebasis INTERPOL Environmental Crime Desk INTERPOL - Nairobi

Interpol Presentation

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Page 1: Interpol Presentation

ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME

Lydiah Chebasis

INTERPOL

Environmental Crime Desk INTERPOL - Nairobi

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THE ROLE OF INTERPOL-NCB IN COMBATING

ENVIROMENTAL CRIME

PRESENTED BY:- LYDIAH CHEBASIS

INTERPOL- NATIONAL CENTRAL BUREAU NAIROBIENVIRONMENTAL CRIMES WORKSHOP

MOMBASA,12TH -13TH APRIL, 2012.

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SCOPE

• HISTORY OF INTERPOL• INTRODUCTION• MISSION• CORE FUNCTIONS• ECO-MESSAGES• CHALLENGES• WAY FORWARD

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HISTORY OF INTERPOL

• INTERPOL started in the year 1923.• Headquarters is in Lyon, France • It has 190 member countries• It has 4 official languages• Kenya became the member of the

organization in 1968

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INTRODUCTION

• Environmental Crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of National and international criminal activities.

• Criminal networks and syndicates, motivated by high profits and low risk, which have established National and International industry that:-

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CONT.• Endangers the health and welfare

of our communities and future generations.

• Compromises the natural heritage and ecological integrity of plants.

• Unfairly disadvantages to thosecompanies complying with environmental laws

• Flouts environmental law as well as many other laws.

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MISSION:-

• Assists member countries in the effective enforcement of national and international environmental laws and treaties.

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.

•Core functions of INTERPOL

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Secure Global Police Communication ERPOL

INTERPOL 190 COUNTRIES- I24/7

90 countri

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AirportsAirports

Police HQ’sPolice HQ’s

Sea PortsSea Ports

Specialised Specialised EnforcemenEnforcemen

t t AgenciesAgencies

NCB Nairobi NCB Nairobi Kenya Kenya

ISecure Global Police Communication L - NCBs

CustomsCustoms

GeneralGeneral SecretariatSecretariat

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Operational Police Support Services

WILDLIFE CRIME2 Tones of Ivory seized at JKIA mixed with Avocado destined to Malaysia.

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KFS Rangers inspecting impounded sandalwood

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115 Pieces of Ivory in boxes disguised as Diplomatic baggage at JKIA

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training conducted by NCB Nairobi

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5. ECO-MESSAGES• Is a standardized system of reporting Environmental

Crimes in 4 INTERPOL official languages.• It was developed to provide uniform intelligence

data report.• System can be used to report all forms of

environmental crimes which includes:-(a) the illegal transport and damping of waste materials,(b) the illegal transport and damping of radioactive materials.

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ECO-MESSAGES cont.(c)the illegal traffic and trade in flora

and fauna must be submitted through NCBs

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IMPORTANT BENEFITS• Cross referencing of materials which

can produce valuable feedback.• Enables reporting country to ask

questions or make requests.• cooperation between Law

Enforcement Agencies.• Enables criminal analyst to study

data and produce analytical reports.

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HOW IT FUNCTIONS:

System uses carefully designed details of a particular crime. It permits:

• speedy and methodical entry of the reports details in a format which is compatible with INTERPOL database.

•Efficient cross referencing of data against

other entries in the computerized INTERPOL database

•Organized and meaningful extraction of that data in a way that facilitates applications such as Criminal intelligence analysis.

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CHALLENGES• Lack of adequate resources • Division that separates law

enforcement agencies • Lack of communication• Weak legislation• Corruption• Lack of political goodwill

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WAYFORWARD

• Legislative improvement are required• Cooperation among Law

Enforcement Agencies both national and international to be strengthened.

• Sharing of intelligence • Formation of national task force.• Capacity building

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