Internship with UNESCO-IHE with UNESCO-IHE Internship Report ... paid attention during my internship, but will be elaborated in the reflection report. 2

  • View
    214

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

Text of Internship with UNESCO-IHE with UNESCO-IHE Internship Report ... paid attention during my...

  • Internship with UNESCO-IHE

    Internship Report Environmental Systems Analysis Group

    Author: Nikolett Czegldi Registration number: 831110166250 Course code: ESA - 70424 Supervisors: Prof. Kenneth Irvine (Aquatic Ecosystems Group, UNESCO-IHE) Prof. Carolien Kroeze (Environmental Systems Analysis Group, WUR)

  • 1 | P a g e

    Acronyms DFID Department for International Development MA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment MDGs Millennium Development Goals SDGs Sustainable Development Goals WWF World Wildlife Fund

    List of figures and tables List of figures Figure 1: The building of UNESCO-IHE in Delft ........................................................................................ 4Figure 2: Approach of the study .............................................................................................................. 8Figure 3: Conceptual Framework: Linking wetland ecosystems to rural livelihoods ............................ 11Figure 4: Logic used for selecting indicators for the questionnaire ...................................................... 14Figure 5: Distribution of respondents according to their origin ............................................................ 16Figure 6: Ranked importance of factors for measuring poverty/well-being ......................................... 16Figure 7: Rated importance of factors for measuring poverty/well-being ........................................... 17Figure 8: Rated importance of education indicators for measuring poverty/well-being ..................... 18Figure 9: Rated importance of health indicators for measuring poverty/well-being ........................... 18Figure 10: Rated importance of financial situation indicators for measuring poverty/well-being ....... 19Figure 11: Rated importance of food security indicators for measuring poverty/well-being .............. 19Figure 12: Rated importance of social relations indicators for measuring poverty/well-being ........... 20Figure 13: Comparing the importance of factors by taking the average (%) of importance categories within each indicator groups ................................................................................................................. 21Figure 14: Importance of different factors for selecting indicators for measuring wetland ecological health ..................................................................................................................................................... 22Figure 15: Ranked importance of indicators for measuring wetland ecological health in developing countries ................................................................................................................................................ 23Figure 16: Rated importance of indicators for measuring wetland ecological health in developing countries ................................................................................................................................................ 23Figure 17: Rated importance of indicators for measuring physico-chemical condition of wetlands ... 24Figure 18: Rated importance of indicators for measuring community composition in wetlands ........ 25Figure 19: Rated importance of indicators for measuring energy/material flow in wetlands .............. 25Figure 20: Rated importance of indicators for assessing hydrological condition of wetlands ............. 26Figure 21: Rated importance of indicators for assessing habitat condition of wetlands ...................... 26Figure 22: Importance of wetland services in for the rural poor (question 1) ...................................... 40Figure 23: Importance of wetland services for the rural poor (question 2) .......................................... 40 List of tables Table 1: Summary table of data sources, corresponding data processing methods and research questions ............................................................................................................................................... 10Table 2: Distribution of respondent according to organizations and chair groups ............................... 15Table 3: Studies defining ecological integrity ........................................................................................ 38

  • 2 | P a g e

    Table of Contents Acronyms ................................................................................................................................................. 1

    List of figures and tables.......................................................................................................................... 1

    Table of Contents .................................................................................................................................... 2

    1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 4

    2. Internship project ................................................................................................................................ 4

    2.1. Literature review of main concepts .............................................................................................. 4

    Poverty and human well-being ....................................................................................................... 4

    State of poverty, poverty alleviation and sustainable development .............................................. 5

    Rural poverty, and wetland services ............................................................................................... 5

    Ecological integrity (health), wetland services and the poor .......................................................... 6

    2.2. Problem statement ....................................................................................................................... 7

    2.3. Objectives and research questions of the study ........................................................................... 7

    2. Methodology ....................................................................................................................................... 8

    2.1. Approach of the study ................................................................................................................... 8

    2.2. Data collection methods ............................................................................................................... 9

    2.3. Data processing methods ............................................................................................................ 10

    3. Conceptual framework - Linking wetland ecosystems to rural livelihoods ...................................... 11

    4. Indicators selected for the questionnaires ........................................................................................ 13

    5. Results and discussions ..................................................................................................................... 15

    5.1. Results of the questionnaire ....................................................................................................... 15

    The respondents of the questionnaire .......................................................................................... 15

    Perceptions on the importance of indicators for measuring poverty/ well-being ....................... 16

    Perceptions on the importance of wetland services to the well-being of the rural poor............. 21

    Perceptions on the importance of indicators for measuring wetland ecological health .............. 22

    5.2. Results of the interviews ............................................................................................................. 27

    Perceptions on the concepts and indicators of poverty and human well-being .......................... 27

    Perceptions on the importance of wetland ecosystems in general and in relation to the poor .. 28

    Perceptions on the concept and indicators of wetland ecological health and its linkages to the poor and poverty reduction .......................................................................................................... 29

    Perceptions on how the Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals address the link between environmental sustainability and poverty reduction .......................... 31

    6. General discussion ............................................................................................................................. 32

    Usefulness of the conceptual framework in the study ................................................................. 32

    Strengths and weaknesses of the questionnaire .......................................................................... 32

    Triangulation - combining different methods ............................................................................... 33

    7. Conclusion and Recommendations ................................................................................................... 34

    9. References ......................................................................................................................................... 35

    Appendix I Definitions of ecological integrity (health) ....................................................................... 38

  • 3 | P a g e

    Appendix II Interview guide ................................................................................................................ 39

    Appendix III Importance of wetland services (questionnaire results) ............................................... 40

  • 4 | P a g e

    1. Introduction The i