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International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning (IG-UTP) Opportunities for the UNECE

14 Sept 2016

Geneva

Remy Sietchiping

C

ape T

own,

South

Afric

a

Flick

r/Ian

Wils

on

Overview

1. Urban Planning and Design: now a global agenda

2. International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning 2015 a) IG-UTP Principles b) IG-UTP Practices

3. Ongoing activities

1 Agenda 5 Main Areas

17 Goals 169 Targets

193 Countries

1. Global consensus on the importance of planning

Asia & Pacific Regional Office,

Fukuoka

Latin America & the Caribbean (LAC) Regional Office, Rio de Janeiro

Headquarters, Nairobi

Liaison Office,

New York

Liaison Office, Geneva

Liaison Office,

Brussels

UN-HABITAT IN THE WORLD

UN-HABITAT IN THE WORLD

Asia & Pac Regional Of

Fukuok

Latin America & the Caribbean (LAC)

Regional Office, Rio de Janeiro

Headquarters, Nairobi

Liaison Office, New York

Liaison Office, Geneva

Liaison Office, Brussels

UN-Habitat is present in at least 50 countries through a network of Habitat Program Managers (HPMs), Chief Technical

Advisors (CTAs) and project staff.

Regional Office of Arab States

Caro

PresenterPresentation NotesMain donors: Government of Mexico,municipalities such as Zapopan & Guadalajara, Government of SpainImplementing partners: ECLAC, the metropolitan zone of Guadalajara, the municipality of Zapopan, the Miguel Hidalgo DelegacionIn Mexico, UN-Habitat promotes sustainable urbanization in a country with 72% of its population living in urban areas, living in 383 cities with more than 15,000 inhabitants. The National Office in Mexico through continuous advocacy achieved to sensitize national policy makers and to include in the National Development Plan 2013-2018 (Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2013-2018), which is the strategic tool of national policies guideline, prosperity as a main development principle.

Background: Failures of Planning

Urban Sprawl -> Compactness

Congestion -> Connectivity

Institutional silos -> Integration

Segregation -> Inclusion

Vulnerable -> Resilience

Business As Usual Vs

Sustainable Urban Development

PresenterPresentation NotesSprawl, segregation and congestion are some consequences in the absence of planningRevival of confidence in the essential role of urban planning and design in shaping sustainable development Recognition of need for compact, integrated and connected cities that are socially inclusive and climate resilient

Planning Challenges in many UNECE countries

Lack of spatial development policies Urban sprawl Agricultural land Urban environment degradation Degradation of public transport systems Spatial connectivity in urban areas Diversification of urban pattern Participation in planning Financing for urban planning Support the implementation of the Geneva UN Charter on

Sustainable Housing (

Source: CIS countries report for Habitat III

UN-Habitat lessons learnt in Belarus

http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/hlm/projects/HIII_Regional_Report/HABITAT_III_Regional_Report_for_UNECE_Region_-_draft_9.0_08_july_submission_with_foreward.pdf

PresenterPresentation Noteshttp://www.unece.org/info/media/news/housingand-land-management/2016/cities-in-the-commonwealth-of-independent-states-face-many-challenges/doc.htmlhttps://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/hlm/sessions/docs2015/HABITAT_III_Regional_Report_for_UNECE_Region.pdf

Global Milestones: Urban Planning and Design

Renewed international attention 2006 WUF 3 in Vancouver: reinventing urban planning

2009 Global Report on HS: Planning Sustainable Cities

2011 GRHS: Cities and Climate Change

2012 The Future We Want: well planned cities promote sustainable development

2013 GRHS: Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility

2013 GC24: Compact, integrated and connected cities

2014 WUF 7 in Medellin: urban planning and design for social cohesion

2014 IPCC AR5: urban planning contribution to CC mitigation and adaptation

2015 Sendai: ISDR Advisory Group on Urban Planning for Resilience

2015 IG-UTP: A global reference framework for improved policies, plans and designs

2015 SDG-11 targets 11.3, 11.7 and 11.a

Oct 2016 Habitat III, towards a New Urban Agenda

PresenterPresentation NotesA series of events have led Spatial planning to now feature prominently in the post-2015 development agenda

Sustainable Development Goals 2015-2030

PresenterPresentation Notes11.3 Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate -- efficient land use 11.7 The average share of the built-up areas of cities in open space in public [ownership and] use11. a The number of countries that are developing or implementing a national urban policy(NUP that (a) responds to population dynamics, (b) ensures balanced territorial development, (c) prepares for infrastructure development, (d) promotes urban land-use efficiency, (e) enhances resilience to climate change, (f) protects public space and (g) develops effective urban governance systems

Vision 2030: Mapping of SDG 11 Targets

Indicators for improved processes & outcomes of planning

Enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacities for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, particularly for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

11.3

11.7

11.a

PresenterPresentation Notes11.3 Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate -- efficient land use 11.7 The average share of the built-up areas of cities in open space in public [ownership and] use11. a The number of countries that are developing or implementing a national urban policy(NUP that (a) responds to population dynamics, (b) ensures balanced territorial development, (c) prepares for infrastructure development, (d) promotes urban land-use efficiency, (e) enhances resilience to climate change, (f) protects public space and (g) develops effective urban governance systems

2. Principles and Practices

PresenterPresentation NotesRecognition of need for compact, integrated and connected cities that are socially inclusive and climate resilient Implementation requires policies, plans and designs that link planning, legislation and finance IG-UTP is a key tool (along with national urban policies, planned city extensions/infills )

Why? Need for simple and universally agreed principles to guide decision makers towards sustainable urban development. Overall objective Global framework for improving policies, plans and designs for more compact, socially inclusive, better integrated and connected cities and territories that foster sustainable urban development and are resilient to climate change.

Drafting process

International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning

Structure of the Guidelines

A. URBAN POLICY AND GOVERNANCE B. UTP FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT B1 UTP and Social Development B2 UTP and Sustained Economic Growth B3 UTP and the Environment C. UTP COMPONENTS D. IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING OF UTP

Promote key Urban and Territorial Planning (UTP) principles organized along 4 main pillars:

Expected outcomes

Assessment and reform of country- and city-wide planning systems and mechanisms, aiming at improved and balanced territorial development.

A

B1 B2

B3

C D

PresenterPresentation NotesExtra slide (may want to delete)

14

A Urban Policy and Governance

1. UTP is more than a technical tool, it is an integrative and participatory decision-making process.

2. UTP promotes local democracy, participation and inclusion, transparency and accountability

SOUTH AFRICA, Gauteng City Region (GCR) Integrated Urban Planning Framework

Provincial government rallied 12 municipalities to establish GCR

Consensus from multiple public and private stakeholders (eg. summit for 50,000 township enterprises)

Attracted investments o 5% to 30% increase in

investment from procurement budget

PresenterPresentation NotesUTP is more than a technical tool, it is an integrative and participatory decision-making process that addresses competing interests and is linked to a shared vision, an overall development strategy and national, regional and local urban policies.

UTP represents a core component of the renewed urban governance paradigm, which promotes local democracy, participation and inclusion, transparency and accountability, with a view to ensuring sustainable urbanization and spatial quality.

Example 2: Integrated governance CHINA, Yangtze River Delta (YRD)Example 3: Participatory Budgeting Brazil, Porto Alegre

South Africa detailsFrom a sectorial approach of development to a territorial approach.Used a progressive development policy for spatial, horizontal and vertical integrationIt has also paved

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