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Chapter 1
Exercise 1 She hadn’t spoken to the boss at 11 am 1
Exercise 2 I can’t stand I when teachers forget my name 5
Exercise 3 Can I borrow your pencil? 8
Exercise 4 I’ll improve my English by studying hard 11
Exercise 5 She asked me to call her 13
Exercise 6 She said there was a party! 16
Exercise 7 Reading, Machu Pichu 19
Chapter 2
Exercise 1 I like girls who aren’t shy 21
Exercise 2 I broke my leg while I was hiking 24
Exercise 3 A: I am a lawyer B: You are? 27
Exercise 4 I had gone to the movies the Saturday before 28
Exercise 5 I’m excited about going on vacation! 29
Exercise 6 During the last summer I studied French 32
Exercise 7 Song: Honesty 33
Chapter 3
Exercise 1 That book is good, isn’t it? 35
Exercise 2 The world we live in 36
Exercise 3 I’m so tired 38
Exercise 4 I’m used to studying with music 40
Exercise 5 That’s a real world problem 41
Exercise 6 Everybody came except Tom 43
Exercise 7 Reading: The Threat to KIRIBATI 44
Chapter 4
Exercise 1 I’d rather take this English course 46
Exercise 2 We don’t have enough public transportation 49
Exercise 3 I’ve studied all day 52
Exercise 4 I won’t be able to make it 53
Exercise 5 If I had enough money, I’d buy a house 54
Exercise 6 You’re supposed to be on time every day 55
Exercise 7 Song: Tears in heaven 57
1. These are some of the things Ann did yesterday. Look at them and then try to memorize them.
1. 2. 3. 4.
7:00 get gas 7:30 drive 8:00 swim 9:00 do sit-ups the gym
2. What had she done by 4:30 pm?
1. By 4:30 she had taken inventory 2. 3. 4. 5.
9:00 take inventory
11:30write a report
5. 6. 7. 8. 3:00 eat lunch 4:30 give out
3. What hadn’t she done by 4:30?
1. By 4:30 she hadn’t set up the meeting room 2. 3. 4. 5.
4. Answer these questions. Give long answers.
a. Had she written a report by the time she went to the bank? N b. Had she given out the paychecks by the time she saw the personal officer? Y c. Had she driven the gym by the time she did sit-ups? Y d. Had she eaten lunch by the time she took inventory? N e. Had she seen the personal officer by the time she wrote a report? N f. Had she swum by the time she went to the bank? N g. Had she eaten lunch by the time she got gas? Y h. Had she spoken to the boss by the time she drove to the gym? Y i. Had she taken inventory by the time she ate lunch? Y j. Had she done sit-ups by the time she gave the paychecks?
5. Draw and write 9 activities you did yesterday and write down the time you did them.
6. Now make sentences about what you had or hadn’t done by certain time.
7. Listen and practice. (Track 95)
Brian: Someone stole my wallet last night!
Kathy: Oh no! What happened?
Brian: Well, I was working out, and I had put my
When I came back, someone had stolen my
wallet. I guess I’d forgotten to lock the
locker. Kathy: That’s terrible! Did you lose much money? Brian: Only about $15. But I lost my credit
card and my driver’s license. What a pain!
8. Listen to the rest of the conversation. What did Kathy have stolen once? Where was she? What
happened? (Track 96)
1. Listen to some common complaints. Check the ones you agree with. (Track 97)
Score: If you checked…
annoyed very easily.
intolerant about some things.
2. How do you feel about these situations? Complete the sentences with it clauses from the list.
Then take turns and read your sentences with a partner.
a.____________________when someone gives me a compliment on my clothes.
b.____________________when people are direct and say what’s on their
d. ___________________when a friend is sensitive and supportive.
e. ___________________when people throw trash on the ground.
f. ____________________ when a friend treats me to dinner. g. ___________________when I get phone calls on my birthday.
h. ____________________when a stranger asks me for money.
i. ____________________when people call me late at night. j. ____________________when teachers are temperamental.
3. Do you ever get annoyed by a certain type of person or situation? Write down four things that
annoy you the most. Then compare in groups.
a. ___________________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________________________________
I love it It bothers me I don’t like it I can’t stand it It embarrasses me It doesn’t bother me It makes me
happy It really upsets me I don’t mind it
4. Complete the following sentences with your own information.
a) I love it when… b) I don’t like it when… c) It doesn’t bother me when… d) It makes me happy when… e) It embarrasses me when… f) I don’t mind it when… g) I can’t stand it when… h) It upsets me when… i) It bothers me when… j) I like it when…
1. Listen and practice. (Track 98)
2. Listen two more calls Jana made. What else does she want to borrow? Do her friends agree? (Track
3. Make requests using these cues. Then practice with a partner. Which requests need to be more
a. You want to borrow your classmate’s underwater camera for a diving trip. A: I was wondering… B: Sure, that’s fine. But please be careful with it.
b. You want to use your roommate’s computer. A: Is it OK….? B: You can use it, but please save my work first.
c. Your neighbor has a car. You need a ride to
class. A: … B: I’d be glad to. What time?
d. You want a friend to help you move on
Saturday. A: …
B: I’m really sorry. I’m busy the whole weekend.
e. You want to borrow your cousin’s DVD of Spider-Man. A: … B: Actually, I already lent it to Serena. Sorry!
f. You would like a second piece of your aunt’s cherry pie.
A: …
B: Yes, of course! Just pass me your plate.
4. Rewrite these requests to make them more formal. Then practice making your requests with a
Accept or decline each request.
a) Lend me some money for an espresso. b) Take these books back to the library for me. c) Let me wear your leather jacket to the party this weekend. d) I’d like to borrow your cell phone to call my friend in London. e) Can I look at that newspaper when you’ve finished reading it?
1. Make dialogues using the pictures cues. Follow the model.
Example: Fay goes to the store by bicycle.
How does Lou go to the store? He goes to the store by bus.
a) John should eat his dessert with a fork.
b) We went to California by train.
c) Charles might go to Europe by plane.
d) They paid for the tickets in cash.
e) Pedro got to the campsite on horseback.
2. Answer the questions by changing the second sentence to by + verb + ing. Example: How did she learn the meaning of the word?
She looked in the dictionary.
By looking in the dictionary.
a) How did you celebrate your last birthday? I had a party.
b) How did he become a doctor? He went to medical school.
d) How did you learn to swim? I took lessons.
e) How can I get a driver’s license? You can apply at the bureau at Motor Vehicles.
f) How did he find a good lawyer? He asked a friend.
3. Answer the next questions. Give long answers.
a) How can you make a cake? b) How can you drive a car? c) How will you go home today? d) How did you learn to walk? e) How do you learn to speak English? f) How can you get a visa?
1. Report the commands.
2. Read the text, then answer true, false or maybe (if the answer is not in the story).
Margaret had a bad stomachache yesterday afternoon. She called her doctor and asked him what
she should do. Her doctor told her to rest in bed. He also told her not to eat too much for dinner. And he told her to call him in the morning if she was still sick. Margaret felt better after speaking with
her doctor. She’s glad she can always depend on him for good advice.
Eric went out on his first date yesterday evening. Before he left the house, he asked his parents if they had any advice. They told him to be polite when he met the girl’s mother and father. They
also told him not to drive too fast. And they told him not to bring his date home later than ten
o’clock. Eric felt more prepared for his date after speaking to his parents. He’s glad he can always depend on them for good advice.
Mrs. Tanaka’s students are going to take the college entrance examination this Saturday, and they’re
very nervous. They asked Mrs. Tanaka if she had any helpful advice. She told them to answer the questions carefully. She told them not to spend too much time on a question that was too difficult.
And she told them to get a good night’s sleep the night before the examination. Mrs. Tanaka’s students
felt more confident after speaking with her. They’re glad they can always depend on her for good advice.
Mr. and Mrs. Pratt are going away on vacation soon, and they’re concerned because there have
been several robberies in their neighborhood recently. They called the police and asked them what
they could do to prevent their house from being broken into while they were away. The police told them to lock all the windows and leave on a few lights. They also advised them to ask the neighbors
to pick up the mail. And they warned them not to tell too many people that they would be away. Mr.
and Mrs. Pratt felt reassured after speaking with the police. They’re glad they can always depend
on them for good advice.
a) Margaret told her doctor to rest in bed. b) Margaret didn’t eat very much for dinner yesterday. c) Eric hadn’t gone out on a date before yesterday. d) Eric brought his date home by ten o’clock. e) Mrs. Tanaka teaches at a college. f) Mrs. Tanaka got a good night’s sleep the night before the examination. g) Locking windows and leaving on lights are two ways to prevent robberies. h) The Pratt’s house was broken into while they were away.
3. Listen and practice. (Track 100)
1. Report the statements. Follow the example.
A. I forgot to tell you. Grandma called yesterday. B. Really? What did she say? A. She said (that) she was sick.
1. Miguel and Maria We’re engaged.
2. Robert I’m doing very well in college this semester.
3. Aunt Margaret I like my new apartment.
4. my upstairs neighbors We’re going to move away.
5. my niece Terry I got a raise last month.
6. Uncle Ted I was on TV last week.
7. your brother in Detroit I’ve fallen in love.
8. your sister in Seattle I’ll call you again next week.
9. The woman from the furniture store We can deliver your new sofa on Saturday.
10. the TV repairman I can’t fix your TV.
11. my boss You don’t have to work overtime this
12. your nephew Paul I’ll send you a postcard from Honolulu.
13. the little girl down the street I won’t be able to baby-sit this Saturday.
14. the auto mechanic The car is ready, and you can pick it up
any time you want.
15. my boyfriend I’m sorry I forgot about your birthday.
16. Uncle Frank I was planning to visit this
weekend, but I won’t be able to come because I have the flu.
2. Listen and practice. (Track 101)
3. Listen to Albert inviting friends to his party on Saturday. What excuses do people
give for not coming? Match the person to the excuse. (Track 102)
4. Nancy is out of town for the weekend. Listen to four messages on her answering machine.
Her roommate has written down the first one. Write down the other messages.
1. Read the following article. Then say true or false to the sentences below.
Ghost city in the clouds
The city of Machu Pichu is one of the greatest mysteries of the world. It is an ancient city on the
Peruvian Andes. A beautiful and mysterious site, it is completely isolated.
In 1911, Yale University Professor Hiram Bingham “discovered” Machu Pichu during an expedition in the Andes. Actually, local people led him to the site of the ruins, covered with jungle growth. Bingham believed that these ruins were the last capital of the Inca empire, “the lost city of the Incas.”
Was Bingham right? There’s been much discussion by archeologists in the absence of any wr itten
record of Machu Pichu. It is generally agreed that the city was built during the fifteen century and
abandoned in the sixteen century at the time of the Spanish conquest. It may have been built as a
fortress to protect the Incas from the conquering Spaniards or from neighboring tribes who
attacked Machu Pichu it may have been a holy city where religious rites were performed, perhaps
by chosen women. (About three-quarters of the skeletons found at Machu Pichu are female.)
The ruins of Machu Pichu consist of agricultural, residential, and sacred zones in an area of about
two square miles. Approximately 1,000 people lived once.
Over 200 stone buildings were used as homes, temples, and warehouses for the corn and potatoes
that were the main foods for the Incas. To grow these crops, along with other plants, the Incas
designed a system of terraces and step alongside the mountain to prevent erosion. They also built
stone aqueducts and irrigation canals to provide water for the crops. The Incas even invented the
first dehydrated food called chuño, a type of dried potato.
The sacred buildings of Machu Pichu show the extraordinary skill of the Incas in architectural
design and stonework. The temple of the sun, perhaps the most beautiful structure, is one of the
highest points in the city. Some say it may once have been covered with gems. Yet despite the
Incas’ advanced knowledge of engineering and expert stonework, they didn’t have a written
language. That is perhaps the greatest barrier to uncovering the mysteries of the ghost city in the
a) The Incas ruins at Machu Pichu are about 500 years old. b) The Incas left behind a written history of Machu Pichu. c) The Incas who built Machu Pichu were skilled in architecture and stonework. d) Archeologists are now sure that Machu Pichu was Holy city. e) We still don’t know everything about Machu Pichu.
1. Snapshot
2. In your opinion, which of the qualities above are most important to look for in a partner? Are there other important qualities missing from the list?
How do people meet their partners in your country?
3. Listen and practice. (Track 103)
4. Listen to Chris and Kim discuss Bob after they meet for coffee. How did Kim like him?
(Track 104)
5. Match the information in columns A and B. Then rewrite each pair to form one sentence.
Use a relative pronoun if necessary.
a. I don’t want to have a partner who I have nothing in common with.
6. Match the words with the definitions. Then decide which words are positive and which
are negative. Write P or N next to each word.
7. Can you remember the definitions? Take turns talking about the adjectives. “A sociable person is someone who…”
8. Listen to conversations that describe three people. Are the descriptions positive (P) or
negative (N)? Check the box. (Track 105)
9. Listen again. Write two adjectives for each person in the chart. (Track 105)
1. Talk about the questions below.
Which sections contain daily news? Which sections are for entertainment? Put the section in order from most interesting to least interesting.
What are two other sections or types of news stories that you like to read about?
2. Listen to the TV news stories. What type of stories are they? (Track 106)
2. Complete the news stories using the past continuous and the simple past. Use the verbs given. Then compare with a partner.
Divers Hit the Jackpot!
(discover) a
shipwreck containing gold worth $2 million. The divers
(film) a show about the coral reef when they (find) the gold.
Four-legged Customers
As a woman (walk) her pet poodle down the street, a hair stylist (notice) them through the window and suddenly (have) a great idea. Later, while he (create) a new line of hair
care products for dogs and cats, he (come) up with a new slogan:
“Even animals have bad hair days!”
Grammar focus
Past continuous Simple past
While he was escaping from the bank, the robber got caught in the revolving
door. As Jake was running toward the ball, he tripped and kicked it into the wrong
goal. The secretary was making a speech, when a protestor threw an egg at her.
Rescue… the Ambulance!
An ambulance driver (have) breakfast in a coffee shop when a woman (hop) into his ambulance and ___(drive)
away. The driver (hurry) to phone and (alert) the police. The carjacker (go) over 90 miles an hour when the highway patrol
finally (catch) up with her.
3. Listen to news broadcasts about three events. Do the stories have a happy ending? Take notes about each event. (Track 107)
Where did it happen?
1. Answer the next questions. Look at the cues. Example: A. Did Andrew eat lunch at Burger Town
B. No. He didn’t want to. He had eaten lunch at Burger Town the day before.
a) Did Sheila drive to the beach last weekend?
b) Did you go dancing last night?
c) Did Paul make pancakes for breakfast and yesterday morning?
d) Did your children have peanut butter jelly sandwiches for lunch yesterday?
e) Did you and your friends see a movie yesterday evening? f) Did the Browns take their children to the aquarium last Saturday
5. Complete the sentences about living in a foreign country. Use the phrases below. Then compare
with a partner.
my friends
trying new foods making new friends getting lost in a new city
my family
my favorite food being away from home not understanding people
getting sick
getting used to a different culture
1. Fill in the blanks with the correct word.
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