Institusi Pendidikan Institusi Sosial

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    STRUCTURE AND

    ORGANIZATION OFEDUCATIONALINSTITUTIONS

    Amirul Fahmi

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    Amirul Fahmi

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    Structure & Organization Of

    Educational Institutions

    Definition;

    StructureConstruction or framework of identifiableelements (components, entities, factors, members,parts, steps, etc.) which gives form and stability.

    rgani!ation" social unit of people that isstructured and managed to meet a need or to pursue

    collective goals.

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    Educational organizations as a social

    systems

    Hoy (2005), said that education organization is a system that has

    a social interaction.

    According to Cole (1995), the social system is based on the

    relationshi and oenness o! the system adoted by an

    organization.

    "ducational organizations such as schools, colleges, and

    uni#ersities ha#e been identi!ied racticing social system, because

    in this organization there is a grou o! eole $ho interact $ith

    each other, $or%ing together to$ards the same goal and also

    interact $ith the outside en#ironment (&unenburg, 1995).

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    . continue

    'ri!!i!th (200) through their !indings, !ound that an oen social

    system, can encourage managers and educators in educational

    organizations $or% together to de#elo and adot inno#ations to

    imro#e the uality o! $or% and learning en#ironment to thee!!ecti#eness o! learning.

    "ducational organization made u o! #arious arts that interact

    $ith each other (*cott, 200).+! one o! the arts is a!!ected it $ill in#ol#e a $hole other art o!

    the organization (Cole, 1995).

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    Important components of the Organization of

    Education

    Educational Organization is a formal organization or systemof social education should be held responsible in teaching and

    learning (Hoy &Miskel 2005!hese organizations cooperate "ith of the other# kno"n as

    a system of thought ($enge# %0'omponents contained in the Education Organisation is)

    structure

    indi*idualculturepolitical

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    Structure

    organizational structure is a method of how the workers are

    divided into specific tasks for which they coordinate among

    themselves (Mintzberg 1971).

    ducational organization is a comple! organization" and if theinteraction between each other does not happen" it will affect the

    organization (#unenburg" 199$).%n the modern organization" &eber's idea of bureaucracy

    associated with freuently used. &hat is involved is

    1. energy and specialty

    *. hierarchies of authority

    +. regulations and career orientation

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    individual

    Individually, those who seve in an o!ani"ation havedi##eent views a$out thei wo% in the o!ani"ation &Eves,

    '(()*+

    they ae not neessaily thin%in! a$out thei -o$ with theo!ani"ation.s !oals+

    So, /ana!es /ust at wisely to $in! all e/0loyees withinthe o!ani"ation to /ove towads the !oals+

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    Culture

    1u/ans ae individuals and !ou0s inteat with eah othe

    to ensue that wo% aied out /eets the divese needs andahieve o!ani"ational !oals &Cole, )223* +

    4hen the /e/$es o# the o!ani"ation to o//uniate withone anothe, they will shae the $elie#s, values, no/s, and

    ways o# thin%in!+ &6o!an, )278*+

    This 0atneshi0 will eate a ultue whee, on a shaedundestandin! eahed $y the /e/$es o# the o!ani"ation+

    Cultue o# an o!ani"ation di##eent #o/ otheo!ani"ations+

    This di##eene de0ends on the !oals and o$-etives o# ano!ani"ation

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    Organ

    izatio

    nAnd

    Structure

    Political

    Political dimension has a split and have conflict. AccordingPeffer (1992), political will lead to individuals and groups have

    different understanding.

    Politics in any organization will lead to chaos. And turnleads to conflict etween individuals or groups. !o it isdifficult for the organization to achieve the goals set ("avies,

    2##$)

    %f the power used y the chief is not used effectively, it willlead to opposition among memers of the organization (&oy '

    isel, 2##$).

    *ertain individuals who are ale to show his power the

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    Features:

    , Have a goal/aims, Have a bureaucratic

    administration

    , Having a learning organization

    , Have a role

    EDUCATIONALINSTITUTIONS ASORGANIZATION

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    MEMPERKEMBANGKAN POTENSI INDIVIDU SECARA

    MENYELURUH DAN BERSEPADU UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN INSAN

    YANG SEIMBANG DARI SEGI JASMANI, EMOSI, ROHANI, INTELEK

    DAN SOSIAL BERDASARKAN KEPADA KEPERCAYAAN DAN

    KEPATUHAN KEPADA TUHAN

    Based on the national education goals:

    DEVELOPING THE POTENTIAL OF INDIVIDUALS IN A HOLISTIC AND

    INTEGRATED IN

    ORDER TO CREATE A BALANCE OF PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, SPIRITUAL,

    INTELLECTUAL

    AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON THE BELIEF IN AND DEVOTION TO

    GOD

    GOALS9AI6S

    , Knowledgeable, Competent, Honourable, Responsible

    , Able to achieve well-being

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    , Bureaucracy in the concept of sociology

    and political science refers to the wa !"wh!#h the a$%!"!&t'at!(" t( !%)*e%e"t a"$

    e"+('#e *ea* '-*e& &(#!a**.

    , According to the Kamus Dewan,/-'ea-#'a# !& a &&te% (+ (0e'"%e"t ('

    a$%!"!&t'at!(" ()e'ate$ (' #("$-#te$ /

    (0e'"%e"t (++!#!a*&.

    :UREAUCRATICAD6INISTRATION

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    WeberC("t!"-e1

    FEATURES o# :UREAUCRAC;

    Hierarchical of power system

    lear legal

    !pecialization

    "ecruitment the specialist

    #ot favoritism

    $lanned activities

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    T;

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    C("t!"-e1

    AD=ANTAGES OF:UREAUCRAC;

    %nhancing employeee&pertise

    'air rules and ob(ective

    )embers of organizations actaccording to the position and role of

    each*

    +niformity in terms of evaluating

    and selecting curriculum

    "egulations increaseorganizational efficiency

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    C("t!"-e1

    DISAD=ANTAGES OF:UREAUCRAC;

    !trictrulesand

    systemsofhierarchical

    power*

    Boundbytheru

    lesatschool*

    ,eachersrefert

    oprofessionals

    than

    refertotheheadmast

    er*

    Bureaucraticsys

    temmoreconcerned

    withtheorganiz

    ationthanthecli

    ent

    -student.

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    LEARNINGORGANIZATIONS

    , ohn 'arago 0 David !1yrme:5Lea'"!" O'a"!4at!("& a'e th(&e that ha0e !" )*a#e

    &&te%&, %e#ha"!&% a"$ )'(#e&&e&, that a'e -&e$ t(

    #("t!"-a** e"ha"#e the!' #a)a/!*!t!e& t( a#h!e0e

    &-&ta!"a/*e (/6e#t!0e& +(' the%&e*0e& a"$ the #(%%-"!t!e&

    !" wh!#h the )a't!#!)ate.7

    'rom the above description can be recorded the following particulars,

    namely that learning organizations are:

    1) Adaptive external environment) !o support the abilit" to change

    #) $evelop individual learning

    %) &sing learning outcomes to achieve better results

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    C("t!"-e1

    LEARNING ORGANIZATION

    Having an environment where individual members are

    motivated to learn and develop to their full potential

    %&panding the learning culture, up to parents,

    communities and surrounding peoples*

    )a1ing the strategy for the development of human

    resource or manpower*

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    ROLE & SOCIALAS

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    C("t!"-e1

    ROLE &

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    C("t!"-e1

    ROLE& ECONO6IC

    AS

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    6HA 4! H% A$$"2AH

    HA +!%D B9 !H2272"%A% A 522D

    !24A7A)2#5!+D%#!

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    $'F((!(, ,F !'ACH'R+

    Teachers are members deliver and e&pand the 1nowledge and

    success of science in society* 4t includes 1nowledge about 4slam or

    general 1nowledge of features and tas1s that need to get a proper

    defense in society* hey can carry out their duties